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Malleshwara is a north-western district of Bengaluru city. It was developed as a planned suburb after the great plague of 1898, which caused many people to move out of the city center. It derives its name from the Kaadu Malleshwara temple.
H. V. Nanjundaiah & Venkatranga Iyengar are credited with the founding of Malleshwara. 3rd Main Road, popularly called Sampige Road is named after S. Venkataranga Iyengar and 6th Main Road is named after H. V. Nanjundaiah. The neighborhood of Malleshwara hosts people from all walks of life. The Nobel laureate C.V. Raman, scientist Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan, badminton world champion Prakash Padukone, noted Carnatic musician Doraiswamy Iyengar and film stars Saroja Devi and Jaggesh have all lived here. 
The ward is characterized by mixed demographics, sustaining a substantial middle class, upper middle class, and elite residential areas. The middle and lower class populations live to the East, while the elite residential areas are on the West. The lanes are designed with horizontal, north-south roads called main roads, and east-west roads called cross-roads. Two of the major main roads are given a flower name as Sampige Road and Margosa Road, since there was a lot of respective flower trees on these roads. Sampige road begins at Rajiv Gandhi Chowk and runs all the way to 18th cross and is officially named after one of the Founders of this neighbourhood - S. Venkataranga Iyengar. It caters to traffic traveling from Majestic/Kempegowda Bus Station towards Yeshwantpur. Margosa Road caters to the vehicle movements in the reverse direction, that is, from Yeshwanthpur to Majestic.
On the cross-roads, 8th cross road is a popular shopping street - with everything from clothes to fruits, vegetables and flowers available. The road is always buzzing with people. During festivals, the road between Sampige and Margosa is closed to traffic and resembles a market with items pertaining to each festival put up on sale. Another prominent landmark in Malleshwara is the Indian Institute of Science.The World Trade Center (WTC) is near Malleshwara.
Malleswara has some of the popular temples on Temple Street, some of them are Kaadu Malleshwara Temple, Narasimha, Gangamma Temple, Nandi Theertha and Sai Baba Temple. Other prominent temples in malleswaram are: Sri Raghavendra Temple, Dattatreya Temple, Venugopala Swamy Temple, etc.
Kaadu Malleshwara temple and The Nandishwara Teertha temple are historical temples. Kadu Malleshwara temple was built in the 17th century A.D. by Venkoji, the brother of the Maratha King Shivaji in Dravidian style of architecture. Nandishwara Teertha temple houses a Shivalinga continuously bathed with water dripping from the mouth of a stone Nandi statue. People believe the temple to be over 7000 years old
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