Malliavin's absolute continuity lemma

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In mathematics — specifically, in measure theoryMalliavin's absolute continuity lemma is a result due to the French mathematician Paul Malliavin that plays a foundational rôle in the regularity (smoothness) theorems of the Malliavin calculus. Malliavin's lemma gives a sufficient condition for a finite Borel measure to be absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure.

Statement of the lemma[edit]

Let μ be a finite Borel measure on n-dimensional Euclidean space Rn. Suppose that, for every x ∈ Rn, there exists a constant C = C(x) such that

for every C function φ : Rn → R with compact support. Then μ is absolutely continuous with respect to n-dimensional Lebesgue measure λn on Rn. In the above, Dφ(y) denotes the Fréchet derivative of φ at y and ||φ|| denotes the supremum norm of φ.


  • Bell, Denis R. (2006). The Malliavin calculus. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications Inc. pp. x+113. ISBN 0-486-44994-7.  MR2250060 (See section 1.3)
  • Malliavin, Paul (1978). "Stochastic calculus of variations and hypoelliptic operators". Proceedings of the International Symposium on Stochastic Differential Equations (Res. Inst. Math. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Kyoto, 1976). New York: Wiley. pp. 195–263.  MR536013