Mallica Reynolds

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Jamaica Governor with Kapo and Christopher Hills - detail.jpg
Kapo at the Hills Galleries in Kingston, Jamaica, 1957
Born Mallica Reynolds
(1911-02-10)10 February 1911
Saint Catherine Parish, Jamaica
Died 24 February 1989(1989-02-24) (aged 78)
Resting place National Heroes Park
Nationality Jamaican
Known for Painting, sculpture
Movement Intuitives

Mallica Reynolds, OD (10 February 1911 – 24 February 1989), better known by the adopted name "Kapo", was a Jamaican artist and religious leader. Considered one of the greatest artists in Jamaica's "Intuitives" artistic movement, Kapo's religious beliefs were reflected in his work.


Mallica Reynolds was born in Byndloss, Saint Catherine Parish, Jamaica on 10 February 1911.[1] At the age of 12, Reynolds had a religious experience and began going by the name "Kapo".[2] At age 16, he received a vision and became a preacher. He later moved to Kingston, where he founded a Zion Revival church, St. Michael's Revival Apostolic Tabernacle.[3] Kapo was a leader in the Zion Revival movement, and from 1976 until his death, was the patriarch Bishop of St. Michael's Revival Apostolic Tabernacle.[2]

He began creating paintings in the 1940s, and he rose to national and international acclaim in the 1960s. Edward Seaga, a powerful politician who would go on to head the Jamaica Labour Party and later become the Prime Minister of Jamaica, and John Pringle, a founding figure in the Jamaican tourism industry, were both champions of Kapo's work.[3] The latter collected Kapo's work, and donated his collection to the National Gallery of Jamaica upon his death.[4] Roberta Flack, an American musician, was one of Kapo's patrons, and his portrait of her is now held by the American Folk Art Museum.[2] His works have been exhibited internationally, including six exhibitions in the United States between 1953 and 1982.[1]

Heavily influenced by his religious beliefs, Kapo believed that he was tasked by god to create paintings and sculptures.[2] Dr. Veerle Poupeye, the Executive Director of the National Gallery of Jamaica, wrote that "Kapo's paintings and sculptures, as a whole, depict his Zion Revival life world".[3] Poupeye noted that several of Kapo's works depicted Zion Revival ceremonies, music, and dance.[3] Kapo is considered a member of the "Intuitives" artistic movement; a label propagated by the National Gallery of Jamaica to describe self-taught artists that had previously been referred to as "Jamaican Primitives".[5] He is considered one of the movement's greatest artists.[4][6]

Kapo died on 24 February 1989, and was buried in National Heroes Park.[7]


One of Kapo's paintings, "Shining the Spring", was selected by the Jamaican government as a wedding gift for the 1981 Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana.[1] In 1983, Kapo became the first artist to have a gallery exclusively of his work featured in an exhibition at the National Gallery of Jamaica.[5] He has been named to the Order of Distinction, and awarded the Norman Manley Award for Excellence in the Arts.[7] He was also awarded the Musgrave Gold Medal in 1985 by the Institute of Jamaica.[8]


  1. ^ a b c "Biographies of Jamaican Personalities (I-N)". Biographies of Jamaican Personalities. National Library of Jamaica. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Mallica "Kapo" Reynolds". American Folk Art Museum. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Poupeye, Veerle. "Sound and Vision: Music and sound in the work of Kapo, Everald Brown and Woody Joseph – Part II". National Gallery of Jamaica blog. National Gallery of Jamaica. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Thomas, Christopher (2 May 2011). "Jamaica gets Kapo's works". Jamaica Gleaner. Gleaner Company Ltd. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Poupeye, Veerle (October 2007). "Intuitive Art as a Canon". Small Axe. 11 (3): 73–82. doi:10.1353/smx.2007.0045. 
  6. ^ Thomas, Polly; Adam Vaitilingam; Robert Coates (2010). The Rough Guide to Jamaica (5th ed.). London: Rough Guides. p. 63. ISBN 978-1-84836-513-1. 
  7. ^ a b "Great Jamaicans". Visit Jamaica. Jamaica Tourist Board. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Musgrave Awardees". Institute of Jamaica. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2015.