|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009)|
|Birth name||Mallikarjun Bheemrayappa Mansur|
|Also known as||Mallikarjun Manasoor|
|Born||1 January 1911|
|Origin||Mansur, Dharwad, Karnataka|
|Died||12 September 1992(aged 81)|
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
|Years active||1928(?) - 1992|
|Labels||HMV, Music Today, Inreco|
Mallikarjun Bheemarayappa Mansur (Kannada: ಮಲ್ಲಿಕಾರ್ಜುನ ಮನಸೂರ) (January 1, 1911 – September 12, 1992) was an Indian classical singer of the khyal style in the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana of Hindustani classical music.
He received all three national Padma Awards, the Padma Shri in 1970, Padma Bhushan in 1976, and Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian honour given Government of India in 1992. In 1982, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, the highest honour conferred by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama.
Early life and background
Mansur was born on January 1, 1911, at Mansur, a village five km. west of Dharwad, Karnataka. His father, Bheemaraayappa was the village headman, a farmer by occupation and an ardent lover and patron of music. He had four brothers and three sisters. His elder brother Baswaraj owned a theatre troupe, and thus at age nine Mansur did a small role in a play.
Spotting the talent in his son, Mallikarjun's father engaged him to a travelling Yakshagana (Kannada theatre) troupe. The owner of this troupe took a liking to the tender and melodious voice of Mallikarjun and encouraged him to sing different types of compositions during the drama-performances. Hearing one such performance, he was picked up by Pundit Appaya Swamy under whom he had his initial training in Carnatic music. Sometime later, he was introduced to classical Hindustani music under Nilkanth Bua Alurmath of Miraj who belonged to the Gwalior Gharana. The latter brought him to Ustad Alladiya Khan (1855?- 1946), the stalwart and the then patriarch of the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana, in the late 1920s, who referred him to his elder son, Ustad Manji Khan. Following Manji Khan's untimely death, he came under the tutelage of Ustad Bhurji Khan, the younger son of Ustad Alladiya Khan. This grooming under Bhurji Khan, despite having 20 to 25 popular ragas only, had the most important influence on his 'Gayaki', style of singing. After untimely demise of Bhurji Khan he came under tutelage of Ut Azizuddin Khan from whom he received most of his repertoire of rare ragas for which Mansur became famous later.
Mansur was well known for his command over a large number of rare (aprachalit) ragas such as Shuddh Nat, Asa Jogiya, Hem Nat, Lachchhasakh, Khat, Shivmat Bhairav, Bihari, Sampoorna Malkauns, Lajawanti, Adambari Kedar and Bahaduri Todi, as well as his constant, mercurial improvisations in both melody and metre without ever losing the emotional content of the song. Initially, his voice and style resembled that of Manji Khan and Narayanrao Vyas, but gradually he developed his own style of rendition.
Mansur wrote an autobiographical book titled Nanna Rasayatre (Kannada: ನನ್ನ ರಸಯಾತ್ರೆ) in Kannada, which has been translated into English as a book titled My Journey in Music by his son, Rajshekhar Mansur.
Mallikarjun Mansur was married to Gangamma. He had seven daughters and a son Rajashekhar Mansur. Amongst Pt Mansur's children, Rajashekhar Mansur (son) and Neela Kodli (daughter) are vocalists. Rajashekhar Mansur was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 2012.
To mark his birth centenary, a three-day music festival was organized in Dharwad and Hubli from January 1 to 3, 2011, wherein singers from across India performed and performances were held at the Kariyamma Devi temple premises at his birthplace Mansur village. His ancestral home in Mansur was also converted into a memorial.
In 2013, a five audio CD collection, "Akashvani Sangeet" of his music including rare "Vachana Gayana" renditions, was released by All India Radio archives at a ceremony held at Srijana Rangamandir at the Karnatak College Dharwar campus.
- "Mallikarjun Mansur Biography". Underscore records. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (India). Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2007)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs.
- "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskarwinners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website.
- "Mallikarjun Mansur Biography". Dharwad district official website.
- "Weekend musical feast". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2006-09-15.
- "ITC SRA's Tribute to the Great Maestros of Hindustani Classical Music:Mallikarjun Mansur". ITC Sangeet Research Academy. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- Bonnie C. Wade (1984). Khyāl: Creativity Within North India's Classical Music Tradition. CUP Archive. pp. 166–. ISBN 978-0-521-25659-9. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Award for Balamuralikrishna". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2009-01-02.
- "Aching for Gouri...". The Hindu. Sep 4, 2003. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "A musical tribute to Mansur: The event was part of the centenary celebrations of the maestro". The Hindu. Jan 2, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "Mansur memory". The Hindu. Dec 31, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "Mansur's house to be converted into a memorial: Rs. 1 crore to be spent on the ancestral structure". The Hindu. Jan 7, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "All India Radio releases five CDs of recordings of Mallikarjun Mansur". The Hindu. March 25, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- "Kudrat Rangibirangi" by Kumarprasad Mukhopadhyay, 1st edition.
- Sadānanda Kanavaḷḷi (1992). Mallikarjun Mansur. Prasaranga, Karnatak University.