Mallu Swarajyam

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Mallu Swarajyam
former Member of Parliament
Personal details
Born 1931 (age 84–85)
Political party CPI (M)
Residence Nalgonda, India
Religion Hindu

Mallu Swarajyam (born 1931) was an Indian politician from Communist Party of India and Freedom fighter. She was member of an armed dalam which took part in the Telangana struggle.[1]

Early life[edit]

Swarajyam was born into a semi-feudal family near Suryapet,[2] Nalgonda district of Telangana in India.[3]


During this period, Nalgonda district was a part of the Hyderabad State under Nizam. The name Swarajyam is in deference to the wishes of several of her relatives who participated in the satyagraha in response to a call given by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the struggle to attain swaraj (self-rule, or independence) from the British.

At the age of 10, Swarajyam read Maxim Gorky’s work, Mother, and it proved to be a source of inspiration for her. She transformed herself into a revolutionary, mobilizing people against Nizam’s Razakars. Her stint in public life began at the age of 11 when, in response to a call given by the Andhra Mahasabha to end bonded labour, she defied the family norms and distributed rice to bonded labourers hailing from different castes and communities. Mallu Swarajyam became the commander of a dalam fighting against Zamindars and carried a prize of Rs.10,000 for her head during that time.

The Communist Party of India was fighting with arms under the banner of Andhra Mahasabha against the cruel rule of the Nizam and bonded labour in the state.

Her husband, Mallu Venkata Narasimha Reddy, and her brother, Bhimreddy Narasimha Reddy, who died in 2008 (both members of the communist movement in the State), had a profound influence on her life. The Communist Party of India expanded the scope of the armed struggle from being a means to free bonded labour to one that would take land from the Zamindars and distribute it among the poor.

She later actively participated in the welfare of the local peasants and was also a major leader in the Communist party of India. She was elected to the parliament for the Nalgonda Constituency.

Personal life[edit]

Swarajyam has two sons, Mallu Goutham Reddy who is a doctor, and Mallu Nagarjun Reddy who is a leading advocate from Nalgonda District. She also has a daughter, Karuna, who ran in the 2009 Elections for Nalgonda in Chiranjeevi's Praja Rajyam Party and lost her deposit to Gutha Sukhendar Reddy.[4]


  1. ^ Mallu Swarajyam’s plea to government The Hindu. 17 Sept 2008
  2. ^ The Pioneers Mallu Swarajyam Frontline
  3. ^ Mallu Swarajyam Honoured The Hindu. 20 March 2007
  4. ^ The Pioneers: Mallu Swarajyam