Malmöhus County

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Malmöhus County
Malmöhus län
County of Sweden
1719–1996

Coat of arms of Malmöhus län

Coat of arms

Location of Malmöhus län
Capital Malmö
 •  1993–96 Ann-Cathrine Haglund
History
 •  Established 1719
 •  Disestablished 1996

Malmöhus County (Swedish: Malmöhus län) was a county of Sweden 1719–1996. On 1 January 1997 it was merged with Kristianstad County to form Skåne County. It had been named after Malmöhus, a castle in Malmö, which was also where the governor originally resided.

History[edit]

Malmöhus County was part of Skåne province which was controlled by Denmark until 1658.[1] In 1657, Denmark declared war on Sweden, while Sweden was at war with Russia, Poland, and Austria. Swedish forces were sent immediately from Poland to Denmark. Denmark was defeated which required the transfer of Skåne, Halland, Blekinge and Bohuslän provinces to Sweden[2] under the Treaty of Roskilde.[3] Denmark attempted to regain the lost provinces until 1710, but was unsuccessful.[4]

Geography[edit]

Malmöhus County was part of Skåne province situated on a peninsula that projects into the Baltic Sea[5] on the northeast of the Öresund straits.[6] The geography differs in many aspects from the rest of Sweden. The coastal regions typically have flat sandy beaches, while inland areas have ridges of wooded hills and fields of rich fertile soil, which were left behind from the glacial age.[7] Skåne province is called the granary of Sweden due to its rich fertile soil.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axel Palmgren, Sweden A Guide For Tourists (Stockholm: Albert Bonniers Forlag, 1952), 169.
  2. ^ Palmgren, 169
  3. ^ L Russell Muirhead, ed. The Blue Guide Sweden (London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1952), 35.
  4. ^ Palmgren, 169-170
  5. ^ Axel Palmgren, Sweden A Guide for Tourists (Stockholm: Albert Bonniers Forlag, 1929), 168.
  6. ^ L. Russell Muirhead ed. The Blue Guide Sweden (London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1952), 35.
  7. ^ Muirhead, 35.
  8. ^ Palmgren, 168.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 55°40′N 13°20′E / 55.667°N 13.333°E / 55.667; 13.333