Malo (saint)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Saint Malo of Aleth
SanktamaloLéhon.jpg
Saint Malo
Bornc. 27 March 520
Traditionally Llancarfan, Glywysing
Died(621-11-15)15 November 621 (although this may have been the death date of another Saint, Marcoult)
Archambiac, Duchy of Aquitaine
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Major shrineSaint-Malo Cathedral
Feast15 November
AttributesDepicted as an abbot and a bishop
PatronageSaint-Malo, pig-keepers, lost items

Saint Malo (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.ma.lo]; also known as Maclou, Maloù or Mac'h Low, or in Latin as Maclovius or Machutus, born c. 27 March 520 – died 15 November 621) was a mid-sixth century founder of Saint-Malo, a commune in Brittany, France. He was one of the seven founding saints of Brittany.

Life[edit]

Malo's name may derive from the Old Breton machlou, a compound of mach "warrant, hostage" and lou (or loh) "brilliant, bright, beautiful".[1] Details of Malo's career have been preserved in three medieval 'Lives' that seem to include incidents associated with multiple people bearing a similar name.[citation needed]

Malo was probably born in Llancarfan (Wales) in approximately 520. He was the son of Dervel, sister of Amwn Ddu, and therefore cousin to St. Samson. Placed in the abbot's care at a tender age, and grew up at the abbey, where he was ordained priest and assigned the office of preacher.[2]

Voyages with Brendan[edit]

As a monk at Llancarfan Abbey in Wales, Malo was known for his participation in the Voyage of Saint Brendan the Abbot. Malo became Brendan's favourite disciple.[3] According to the Voyage of Saint Brendan the Abbot, Brendan and Malo left Llancarfan Abbey with several companions and discovered the "Island of the Blest". He then went to sea on a second voyage and visited the Island of Cézembre, remaining there for some time. During their travels, they encountered Maclovius, a dead giant whom Brendan temporarily revived with his holiness. Brendan baptised him before the giant returned to his grave.[4] It is thought that Brendan, on the occasion of his second voyage, evangelised the Orkney Islands and the northern isles of Scotland.[5]

St Malo and Hoel in a stained-glass window in Réguiny in Brittany, northern France.

Breton evangelist[edit]

At Aleth, Malo served under a venerable hermit named Aaron. Upon Aaron's death in 544, Malo continued the spiritual rule of the district subsequently known as Saint-Malo and was consecrated as the first Bishop of Aleth.[3] Many miracles are related of him there.

In old age, the disorder on the island compelled Malo to leave, but the people soon begged him to return. He obliged his people and returned to restore order. Feeling at the end of his life, Malo was determined to spend his last days in solitary penance. He died at an advanced age, on 15 November 621, during a voyage from Aleth to Archambiac (near Archingeay) in the province of Saintonge.[2]

Veneration[edit]

The city of Saint-Malo is one of the seven stages in the Tro Breizh ("Tour of Brittany", in Breton), a pilgrimage celebrating the seven founding saints of Brittany.[6]

Indirectly, the Spanish name of the Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas, can be traced to Malo, as it is derived from the French, Îles Malouines and named by Louis Antoine de Bougainville in 1764 after the first known settlers: mariners, and fishermen from the port of Saint-Malo.[7]

Pontoise Cathedral is dedicated to Saint Malo. Lesmahagow Priory in South Lanarkshire is also dedicated to him in the Latin form of his name, Machutus. He is the patron saint of the churches of St. Maughans and Llanfaenor in Monmouthshire and Llanfechell in Anglesey.[2]

The place-name Saint-Maclou also refers to him.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Léon Fleuriot, Les Origines de la Bretagne, ed. Payot, 1982, p. 150 and 281.
  2. ^ a b c Emanuel, Hywel David. "Malo", Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 1959
  3. ^ a b Grattan-Flood, William. "St. Machutus." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910.Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Ramsay, Raymond (1972). No Longer on the Map. New York: Viking Press. p. 81. ISBN 0-670-51433-0.
  5. ^ "Brendan for today - Feast Day, May 16th". www.saint-brendan.org. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  6. ^ "Tro Breiz : 1200 pèlerins ont relié Saint-Brieuc à Saint-Malo". Le Pèlerin (in French). 14 May 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  7. ^ "Falkland Islands Guide". Blog at Worldpress.com. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  8. ^ Beaurepaire, François de (1981). Les noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de l'Eure (in French). A. et J. Picard. p. 180. ISBN 978-2-7084-0067-2.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Machutus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Sources[edit]