Malolos Cathedral

Coordinates: 14°50′32″N 120°48′41″E / 14.8423°N 120.8115°E / 14.8423; 120.8115
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Malolos Cathedral
Minor Basilica and Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of Malolos
  • Basilika Menor at Katedral ng Kalinis-linisang Paglilihi ng Malolos (Filipino)
  • Basílica Menor y Catedral de la Inmaculada Concepción de Malolos (Spanish)
The cathedral in September 2023
Malolos Cathedral is located in Bulacan
Malolos Cathedral
Malolos Cathedral
Malolos Cathedral is located in Luzon
Malolos Cathedral
Malolos Cathedral
Malolos Cathedral is located in Philippines
Malolos Cathedral
Malolos Cathedral
14°50′32″N 120°48′41″E / 14.8423°N 120.8115°E / 14.8423; 120.8115
LocationMalolos, Bulacan
CountryPhilippines
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
StatusCathedral and Minor Basilica
Founded1580
DedicationImmaculate Conception
Consecrated1826
Architecture
Heritage designationPalacio Presidencial
Designated1951
StyleNeoclassical
Groundbreaking1580–1591
Specifications
Capacity2,000
Administration
ProvinceManila
DioceseMalolos (since 1962)
DeaneryImmaculate Conception
ParishImmaculate Conception
Clergy
Bishop(s)Dennis Cabanda Villarojo

Malolos Cathedral, formally known as the Minor Basilica and Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception,[a] is a historic cathedral in the city of Malolos, the capital of the province of Bulacan, in the Philippines. The cathedral is the see of the Bishop of Malolos, whose diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Manila.

History[edit]

Historical marker created by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines to commemorate the cathedral in 2022

The parish dates back to the arrival of Spanish missionaries to Malolos in 1580, and the establishment of an Augustinian monastery. The first church and convent were built in 1591 of modest means. The congregation was formally established as a parish until 1673, the same year the town of Malolos was incorporated. The original church complex was expanded in 1691, and entirely reconstructed from 1734-1744.[1]

In 1813, a fire destroyed both the church and convent, and reconstruction was started in 1819. The new church was consecrated by Francisco Alban, bishop of Nueva Segovia on October 18, 1826. The earthquakes of 1863 and 1880 both damaged the church, and restorations were undertaken from 1859-1872 and in 1883.[1]

On September 10, 1898, the convent was appropriated by General Emilio Aguinaldo and used as the presidential palace for the First Philippine Republic. On March 31, 1899, as they were fleeing from the American army, Aguinaldo ordered Gen. Antonio Luna to set fire to the complex as part of their scorched-earth policy.[1]

During the American occupation of the Philippines, the church and convent were gradually rebuilt and renovated. A new baptistery was dedicated in 1954, and the roof replaced in 1955-1961.[1]

The church was renovated further in preparation for its designation as a cathedral after the diocese of Malolos was created in 1962. It was consecrated as a cathedral by its second bishop, Rev. Cirilo Almario Jr., in 1976.[1]

From 1990-1992, an adoration chapel was built, the baptistery was converted to a mortuary chapel, and a crypt was built beneath the high altar.[1]

On December 4, 1999, the cathedral was elevated to a minor basilica dedicated to the Immaculate Conception.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral's architecture is primarily Neoclassical with Baroque influences and moderate ornamentation.[1]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Filipino: Basilika Menor at Katedral ng Kalinis-linisang Paglilihi ng Malolos; Spanish: Basílica Menor y Catedral de la Inmaculada Concepción de Malolos

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Malolos Cathedral - the church and its people". Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception - Diocese of Malolos. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  2. ^ "La Virgen Inmaculada Concepcion de Malolos - Patroness of the Diocese". Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos - Ang Sandigan. Retrieved November 8, 2023.

External links[edit]