Malone (village), New York
|Malone, New York|
|Nickname(s): The Star of the North|
|• Mayor||Joseph Riccio|
|• Total||3.18 sq mi (8.23 km2)|
|• Land||3.11 sq mi (8.06 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)|
|Elevation||712 ft (217 m)|
|• Density||1,900/sq mi (733.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0956316|
Malone is a village in, and the county seat of, Franklin County, New York, United States. Its population was 5,911 at the 2010 census. The village is located in the town of Malone. It is home to a campus of North Country Community College.
The community was first settled around 1802 and incorporated as a village in 1853. During the War of 1812, Malone was sacked by British troops. A half-century later, the village served as a staging point for one arm of the 1866 and 1870 Fenian Raids of Canada, which took place at many points along the Canada–United States border. The Fenian Brotherhood (Fenians) attempted to capture Canada as a bargaining tool in the British occupation of Ireland.
Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote the book Farmer Boy about Almanzo Wilder, who attended Franklin Academy here. The school is now the site of the Malone Middle School, and the Wilder Homestead is a historical site that lies about 5 miles (8 km) east of the village of Malone in the town of Burke. The First Congregational Church, likely the one mentioned in Farmer Boy, was the first Christian congregation founded and the first church building built in Franklin County. There is anecdotal evidence that the second church building (1852–1883) was one of the final stops in the Underground Railroad. A tunnel for the persons seeking freedom can still be found in the church's basement.
In 1935, Dutch Schultz had his tax evasion trial moved from Manhattan to Malone. After a media-saturated trial before a Malone-area jury, he was acquitted. In 1998, the village suffered a natural disaster as part of the North American Ice Storm of 1998. On November 6, 2012, a proposal to dissolve the village into the surrounding town of Malone was defeated by a 2-to-1 margin, with village residents voting 1,117–562 to keep the village intact.
In addition to the First Congregational Church and Wilder Homestead, the Horton Gristmill, Anselm Lincoln House, Malone Armory, Malone Freight Depot, Paddock Building, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
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Primarily a farming community, Malone is surrounded by dairy farms and potato producers, and was previously known for growing hops.
Products manufactured in Malone included Sno-Pruf waterproofer for boots, woolen winter wear produced by Ballard Mill, and Sioux-Mocs slippers. Malone became known as the snowmobile capital of the United States when a local farm equipment dealer agreed to become the exclusive distributor for Bombardier Recreational Products east of the Mississippi.
A number of prisons have been built in the vicinity, becoming major employers. Some residents see this shifting of primarily urban-based prisoners and their accompanying visitors as degrading quality of life and safety for the community, while others value the economic benefit the prisons bring.
Unintended consequences of New York State policy may have impacted Malone's water quality. Once the public water supply system was a gravity-fed source of untreated spring water drawing from a natural aquifer several miles south of the village in Chasm Falls. State health regulations required the village to remove long-used iron pipes which locals would use as a safe water source when visiting their summer camps on local lakes and ponds. Next, the initial feeder reservoir was ordered to be roofed over, then the influx of prisons caused a number of water towers to be built. The formerly untreated, pure spring water was then ordered to be chlorinated for the sake of the general population, prompted by the development of significant prisoner populations.
A once growing and popular local microbrewery based in nearby Lake Titus was put out of business by a requirement to install expensive water treatment and purification equipment. The local brewer, which was expanding into a regional footprint, could not afford to treat water as directed, both because of costs, and because the very nature of the Titus Brewery's offerings would have been changed by using treated water. Ironically, brewing, once an important aspect of providing safe drinking water for communities, was done in by a desire to provide safe drinking water.
The latest economic controversy to impact the community is the advent of significant wind farms in the region. Seen by local landowners as a prospective source of income, wind farms are embraced as being sources of clean energy by some, and eyesores by others. Several decades ago, local farmers staged protests against the eminent domain-backed incursion of 765 MW transmission lines that crossed their pastures to bring Saint Lawrence Seaway power through Northern New York to downstate urban users. Windfarms have spawned fewer safety concerns and more equitable economics for locals, which seems to be accelerating community acceptance.
Tourism is a major economic contributor, with Titus Mountain 6 miles (10 km) south of the village drawing skiers, and the 36-hole Robert Trent Jones-designed Malone Golf Club drawing golfers from Montreal.
Malone village is located in the northern part of the town of Malone at  in north-central Franklin County.(44.850676, −74.28907),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.18 square miles (8.23 km2), of which 3.11 square miles (8.06 km2) is land and 0.066 square miles (0.17 km2) 2.08%, is water.
Malone is at the convergence of U.S. Route 11, New York State Route 11B (NY 11B), NY 30, and NY 37. County Road 25 enters the village from the south. US-11 leads east 46 miles (74 km) to Champlain and southwest 37 miles (60 km) to Potsdam. NY-30 leads south 58 miles (93 km) to Tupper Lake in the Adirondacks and north 11 miles (18 km) to Trout River at the Canada–US border. Cornwall, Ontario, is 31 miles (50 km) to the northwest via NY-37.
|Climate data for Malone, NY|
|Average high °F (°C)||23
|Average low °F (°C)||4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.36
|Source: The Weather Channel|
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Notable residents include:
- Major League Baseball pitcher Tom Browning, a graduate of the local high school, Franklin Academy
- Sergeant Ovila Cayer, Canada-born Medal of Honor recipient for action at the Battle of Globe Tavern in 1864.
- William H. Flack, Republican member of the United States House of Representatives.
- Orville Gibson, known for creating the Gibson Guitar Corporation, was born in nearby Chateaugay and is buried at Morningside Cemetery in Malone.
- Michael Hastings, investigative journalist who was born in Malone.
- Clarence E. Kilburn, Republican member of the United States House of Representatives.
- William S. King, 19th century member of the United States House of Representatives representing Minnesota.
- Bob Mould, the frontman for 1980s punk rock group Hüsker Dü
- Corporal Charles L. Russell, Medal of Honor recipient for action at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in 1864 where he captured the flag of the 42nd Virginia Infantry.
- Howard Siler, former USA bobsledder and coach of the Jamaican Bobsled Team at the 1988 Winter Olympic Games. In the movie "Cool Runnings", though very fictional, John Candy's character portrayed Siler.
- Private Frank Tolan, Medal of Honor recipient for gallantry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
- William Almon Wheeler, the 19th Vice President of the United States, serving under Rutherford Hayes. He is buried at Morningside Cemetery in Malone, and his mansion on Elm Street is now the site of the Elks Lodge.
- Almanzo Wilder, the husband of Little House on the Prairie author Laura Ingalls Wilder, who told his story in the novel Farmer Boy. He was born to James and Angeline Day Wilder on February 13, 1857, at his family's farm in the town of Burke just east of Malone. The family left the area in 1871 to settle in Minnesota.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,075 people, 2,583 households, and 1,511 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,920.0 people per square mile (742.3/km²). There were 2,847 housing units at an average density of 899.8 per square mile (347.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.58% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.
There were 2,583 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $25,200, and the median income for a family was $35,077. Males had a median income of $29,200 versus $20,163 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,960. About 10.8% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Upstate Correctional Facility, a prison of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision, is near the town.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Malone village, New York". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
- MacNeill, Arianna (November 7, 2012). "Malone rejects dissolution". Watertown Daily Times. Johnson Newspapers. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/17/14 through 11/21/14. National Park Service. 2014-11-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Malone, NY". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.