Malpas, Cheshire

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Malpas
St oswalds malpas from sw.JPG
St Oswald's Church, Malpas from the southwest
Malpas is located in Cheshire
Malpas
Malpas
Location within Cheshire
Population1,673 (2011 census)
OS grid referenceSJ487472
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMALPAS
Postcode districtSY14
Dialling code01948
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
53°01′08″N 2°45′50″W / 53.019°N 2.764°W / 53.019; -2.764Coordinates: 53°01′08″N 2°45′50″W / 53.019°N 2.764°W / 53.019; -2.764

Malpas is an ancient market town[2] and a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. Malpas is now referred to as a village[3] after losing its town status. It lies near the borders with Shropshire and Wales, and had a population of 1,673 at the 2011 census.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The name derives from Old French and means "bad/difficult passage".[5]

History[edit]

Medieval (Norman 1066–1154)[edit]

After the Norman Conquest of 1066 Malpas is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as belonging to Robert FitzHugh, baron of Malpas. Malpas and other holdings were given to his family for defensive services along the Welsh border.

A concentrated line of castles protected Cheshire's western border from the Welsh; these included motte-and-bailey castles at Shotwick, Dodleston, Aldford, Pulford, Shocklach, Oldcastle and Malpas. The earthworks of Malpas Castle are still to be found to the north of St. Oswald's Church.

Medieval (Plantagenet 1154–1485)[edit]

Malpas retains its general layout established in the medieval period. A possible reason for Malpas not undergoing intensive development is that Whitchurch, a major market town, was just 7 km (4.3 mi) away.[6]

Tudor – Elizabethan (1485–1603)[edit]

The seventh son of Sir Randolph Brereton of Shocklach and Malpas, Sir William Brereton, became chamberlain of Chester, and groom of the chamber to Henry VIII. He was beheaded on 17 May 1536 for a suspected romantic affair with Anne Boleyn. These accusations may have been politically motivated.

Civil War and the Stuarts (1603–1714)[edit]

Cheshire was strategically very important during the civil war as it controlled the north–south movement of troops from the west of the Pennines to the east of the Clwydian range – Chester, as the main port to Ireland was supremely important as Charles I had an army there.

Transport[edit]

Malpas was once served by a a station on the Whitchurch and Tattenhall Railway.

The B5069 road passes through the village from the Welsh border, towards the A41 road near Hampton Heath. The B5395 road diverges from the A41 at Grindley Brook and heads towards Malpas.

Demography[edit]

Population of Malpas since 1801
Year 1801 1851 1901 1951 2001 2011
Population 906 1,054 1,139 1,219 1,628 1,673
Sources:[7][8][4]

According to the 2001 census, the civil parish had 1,628 residents living in 720 households.[8] This increased slightly in the 2011 census to 1,673 residents, composed of 767 (45.8%) males and 906 (54.2%) females, in 810 households.[4]

Governance[edit]

Malpas was formerly a township and ancient parish within Broxton Hundred, which became a civil parish in 1866. It has had a parish council since their formation in 1894. Prior to that, Malpas had been administered through Vestry Meetings held in St Oswald's Church. Between 1894 and 1936 the village had its own rural district council. Under a Cheshire County review order in 1936, the boundaries of several rural districts were adjusted. Malpas Rural District was abolished and most of the area absorbed into Tarvin Rural District. On 1 April 1974 this was merged into Chester District. Further changes occurred on 1 April 2009 when the Cheshire West & Chester unitary authority was formed.[9][7]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches north to Edge and south to Wigland. The total population of this ward taken at the 2011 census was 3,975.[10]

Malpas is within the Eddisbury parliamentary constituency.

Listed buildings[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • Church of England, see: St Oswald's Church, Malpas
  • High Street Church, an ecumenical partnership bringing together traditions of the United Reform Church and the Methodist Church.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malpas Parish Council". Malpas Online. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Place: Malpas, Cheshire". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Malpas". Visit Chester/Cheshire. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b c UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Malpas Parish (E04011136)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Malpas". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  6. ^ Shaw, Mike; Clark, Jo. "Cheshire Towns Survey: Malpas – Archaeological Assessment". Cheshire County Council. p. 1. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Malpas, Cheshire". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  8. ^ a b UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Malpas Parish (13UB079)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  9. ^ "History of Local Governance". Malpas Online. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  10. ^ "2011 census: Ward population". ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  11. ^ Goodwin, Joanne (14 September 2020). "Corrie's Geoff Metcalfe and the actor who plays him". Cheshire Life. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  12. ^ British Listed Buildings: Cenotaph to Matthew Henry on Grosvenor Street Roundabout, Chester Castle, Matthew Henry's Birthplace

Further reading[edit]

  • Churton, Ralph (1793) "A memoir of Thomas Townson, D.D., archdeacon of Richmond, and rector of Malpas, Cheshire", prefixed to A Discourse on the Evangelical History from the Interment to the Ascension published after Dr. Townson's death by Dr. John Loveday, Oxford, 1793.

External links[edit]