Malpeque Bay, Prince Edward Island
|Municipality of Malpeque Bay|
|Province||Prince Edward Island|
|Parish||St. David's Parish
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Chairperson||James Carruthers-Hamilton|
|• Councillors||Jamie Crozier
|Time zone||AST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC-3)|
|Canadian Postal code||C0B 1M0|
The municipality derives its name from Malpeque Bay, the second largest bay in the province which forms the municipality's western boundary. The municipality straddles several levels of geographic hierarchy in the province, including the townships of Lot 18 and Lot 20, the parishes of St. David's Parish and Grenville Parish, as well as the counties of Prince County and Queens County.
The municipality's seat is in the community of Malpeque.
Acadian families arrived from Nova Scotia in 1728 and settled on the west shore of Malpeque Bay, north of present-day Miscouche, naming their settlement "Malpèque" after the Mi'kmaq name. By 1752, the settlement housed a population of more than 200. In 1758, the expulsion of the Acadians began after the fall of Louisbourg. According to local tradition, when the Malpèque settlers learned of the British arrival at Port-LaJoye, they stripped their church and buried the chapel bell to hide it from British capture.
In his 1764 survey of the colony, British surveyor Samuel Holland assigned an area on the east shore of the bay as Crown land. Named Prince Royalty for the newly-born Prince George (later George IV), nearby Princetown was intended to become the seat of Prince County. Princetown's harbour proved unfavourable for large ships, and saw only limited rural development due to being surrounded by Crown land, thus the townsite failed to develop, and the Acadian name remained well known for the area. A more favourable sheltered harbour was located on the south side of the island, which later became Summerside.
Princetown was officially incorporated as a town in 1901, but its status was downgraded to settlement in 1925. The settlement's name officially became Malpeque on 13 March 1947. In 1973, Malpeque was designated a locality within the newly established Community of Malpeque Bay.
This municipality contains the following communities:
- "Municipal Councils and Contact Information" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. January 27, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- "The Community of Malpeque Bay History". malpequebay.ca. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- Day, Jim (6 September 2014). "Great find on P.E.I.". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "Sieur de la Rocque 1752 Census for Prince Edward Island/Ile Saint Jean". The Island Register. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "A Legend in P.E.I. - Chapel Bells Buried For Two Centuries". Yarmouth Vanguard. 6 March 1990. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- Campbell, Duncan (1875). History of Prince Edward Island. Charlottetown: Bremner Brothers. p. Chapter 1.
- "Accounts and Papers: Thirty Volumes". 34. 1849: 63. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "PlaceFinder: Malpeque". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 28 September 2016.