Malta–United States relations

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Malta – United States relations
Map indicating locations of Malta and USA

Malta

United States

Malta – United States relations are bilateral relations between the Republic of Malta and the United States of America.

According to a 2010 American Community Survey, there are roughly 35,103 Maltese Americans residing in the United States.

According to the 2012 U.S. Global Leadership Report, 21% of Maltese people approve of U.S. leadership, with 15% disapproving and 64% uncertain.[1]

History[edit]

Early Hospitaller–United States relations[edit]

Benjamin Franklin
Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc
Benjamin Franklin (left) awarded Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc (right) with a Libertas Americana medal in 1783

At the time of the American Revolutionary War which established the United States, Malta was a de facto independent vassal state ruled by the Order of St. John. During the war, the French Navy included 1,800 Maltese and knights of the Order, who played a role during the decisive Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781. Two years later, the United States Ambassador to France Benjamin Franklin presented a Libertas Americana medal to Grand Master Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, thanking him for supporting the American cause. Franklin also asked de Rohan to allow American ships in Maltese ports, and the latter granted this request. The first United States Consul to Malta was appointed in 1796.[2]

John Pass (Pace), who recast the Liberty Bell in 1753, was of Maltese origin.[2]

British Malta[edit]

The damaged American oil tanker SS Ohio arriving in Malta, 15 August 1942

During the First Barbary War of 1801–05, American ships were allowed to take in water and provisions from Maltese ports.[2]

During World War II, some American ships took part in Operation Pedestal, a British convoy meant to supply Malta with critical supplies in August 1942. Most notably, the American tanker SS Ohio supplied crucial fuel and food to the islands. Later on in 1942, the aircraft carrier USS Wasp twice delivered Spitfires to Malta.[2]

General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice in September 1943 on board HMS Nelson while anchored in Malta's Grand Harbour. Later on in 1943, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Malta described the island as "one tiny bright flame in the darkness – a beacon of hope for the clearer days which have come."[2]

Maltese Prime Minister George Borg Olivier met the US President John F. Kennedy at the White House on 19 September 1963, a year before Malta's independence.[2]

Since Maltese independence[edit]

Maltese Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi with U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, September 2009

Malta and the United States established full diplomatic relations upon Malta's independence in 1964; overall relations are positive. The United States has been sympathetic to Malta's campaign to attract private investment, and some firms operating in Malta have U.S. ownership or investment. These include major hotels, manufacturing and repair facilities, and some offices servicing local and regional operations.[citation needed]

The Maltese Prime Minister Eddie Fenech Adami met U.S. President Ronald Reagan at the White House in July 1988. On 2–3 December 1989, U.S. President George H. W. Bush met Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev at the Malta Summit in Marsaxlokk Bay, where they officially declared an end to the Cold War.[2]

In 2005, the Maltese Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi met U.S. President George W. Bush at the White House. Malta acted as an evacuation point for US and other citizens during the Libyan Civil War in 2011. That year, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton briefly visited Malta while returning from Libya. Prime Minister Joseph Muscat met President Barack Obama a number of times.[2]

Travel[edit]

Malta is on the list of the Visa Waiver Program of the US. Maltese nationals holding a Maltese biometric passport do not require a visa for entry into the United States.[3]

Embassies[edit]

The United States established its embassy in Malta in 1964. It was originally located in the capital Valletta, but it eventually moved to Sliema. It moved to Floriana in 1974, and again to a new building in Ta' Qali National Park in Attard in 2011.[2]

Malta has an embassy in Washington, D.C.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Global Leadership Project Report - 2012 Gallup
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Policy & History". U.S. Embassy in Malta. Archived from the original on 15 May 2018.
  3. ^ "United States Map". Tuesday, January 10, 2017

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets).[1]

External links[edit]