Malta International Airport

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"Malta Airport" redirects here. For the airport in the United States, see Malta Airport (Montana).
Malta International Airport
Ajruport Internazzjonali ta' Malta
Malta International Airport3.jpg
IATA: MLAICAO: LMML
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Malta International Airport plc
Serves Malta
Location Luqa, Malta
Hub for Air Malta
Focus city for Ryanair
Elevation AMSL 300 ft / 91 m
Coordinates 35°51′27″N 014°28′39″E / 35.85750°N 14.47750°E / 35.85750; 14.47750Coordinates: 35°51′27″N 014°28′39″E / 35.85750°N 14.47750°E / 35.85750; 14.47750
Website maltairport.com
Map
MLA is located in Malta
MLA
MLA
Location on a map of Malta
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 2,377 7,799 Asphalt
13/31 3,544 11,627 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 4,618,642[1]
Aircraft Movements 34,283[1]
Cargo Movements (kg) 14,964,462[1]
Source: Maltese AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]
Statistics from timesofmalta[3]

Malta International Airport (Maltese: Ajruport Internazzjonali ta' Malta, IATA: MLAICAO: LMML) is the only airport in Malta and it serves the whole of the Maltese Islands. It is located on island of Malta, between Luqa and Gudja, and occupies the location of the former RAF Luqa. It was completely re-furbished, becoming fully operational on 25 March 1992. It is still referred to by locals as Luqa Airport, and sometimes as Valletta Airport internationally, as it is located 5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of the Maltese capital Valletta. The airport serves as the main hub for Air Malta and a base for Ryanair. It is also home to the Area Control Center and hosts the annual Malta Airshow, visited by military and civil aircraft from various European and other countries. The airport is operated by Malta International Airport plc.

History[edit]

The first civil airfield was constructed at Ta' Qali, followed by others at Ħal Far (RAF Hal Far) and Luqa.[when?] During the Second World War, the airfields at Ta' Qali and Hal Far were severely battered and civil operations subsequently centred on Luqa Airport.[citation needed]

The increase in passenger handling and aircraft movements necessitated the construction of a civil air terminal. Preparations started in 1956 and the British Government mainly financed what was then a Lm 300,000 project.[citation needed] Malta's new passenger air terminal at Luqa was inaugurated on 31 March 1958 by the then Governor of Malta Sir Robert Laycock. The air terminal consisted of two floors including some basic facilities such as a restaurant, a post office, a cable and wireless office and a viewing balcony for the public.[citation needed]

In October 1977, a new and longer runway was launched and works commenced on the extension and refurbishment of the air terminal. An arrivals lounge and another lounge dedicated to VIPs were added and the original part of the terminal building was used for departures.

This refurbishment was not enough as it still lacked certain essential facilities. Immediately after the change in Government in 1987, the new administration decided that the 35-year-old terminal was past its time and therefore gave the green light for the construction of a new air terminal along Park 9.[citation needed]

Until the construction of the new air terminal was completed, the Government embarked on a further upgrade of the old air terminal. The facilities introduced included air conditioning, new baggage carousels, flight information monitors, computerised check-in desks, a new floor surface and new retail outlets including a larger duty-free area.

The foundation stone of the present air terminal was laid in September 1989 and it was inaugurated in record time 29 months later, in February 1992. Malta International Airport became fully operational on March 25, 1992, and the old Luqa passenger terminal was effectively closed down after 35 years.[4]

There was a small increase in the volume of traffic that passed through Malta International Airport in 2011. Passengers were up by 6.46% from the previous year, however aircraft movements were down by 3.16%.[5]

Facilities[edit]

Arrivals area
Apron view of the main building

Malta International Airport air terminal operations include general passenger services, and the operation of an extensive range of retail services at the airport, airside and landside shops, restaurants and other outlets, which are all operated on concession agreements. The airport also leases office space to airlines and other travel related operators at the airport. Malta International Airport is a member of the ACI-EUROPE (Airports Council International) and a number of company officials sit on specialised committees and working groups within this council.

Further facilities[edit]

Malta International Airport has improved services for disabled and reduced mobility people to ensure an easier transit through the airport terminal to the aircraft and similarly on return.[6]

Through La Valette Club, VIP members have an access to lounges: La Valette Lounge (departures and arrivals). Internet access is available to lounge users with free Wi-Fi throughout the area.[7]

The head office of Medavia is on the airport property.[8]

Pilot Training[edit]

Within the grounds of Malta International Airport is situated several pilot training academies:

  • European Pilot Academy
  • Sky People Aviation Training Ltd

the armed forces of Malta air wing is based at Malta international airport in the air wing terminal where there are six hangars. The following aircraft are operated by Malta:

  • King Air 200 (2 in service; third on order)
  • Britten-Norman islander (2 in service)
  • British Aerospace Bulldog (4 in service)used for armed patrol
  • Agusta-Westland AW 139 (2 in service; 1 on order)

Skyparks Business Centre[edit]

Located within the grounds of Malta International Airport, the Business Centre is the first building in Malta to have applied for BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method) certification to become the island's first Grade A office park. The head office of Air Malta is at Level 2 of the Skyparks Business Centre.[9]

Malta Airport MetOffice[edit]

The Malta Airport MetOffice[10] is part of the Malta International Airport and provides the function of a national meteorological service for Malta. Although they primarily serve aviation they also service the public sector.[11]

All equipment, other than the Doppler Weather Radar, is enhanced by automatic weather stations, of which eight are situated in Malta and Gozo. At the same time an aerodrome weather observation system is located at the airport.

The MetOffice is able to get information from the Agencia Estatal de Meteorología in Madrid and the UK's Met Office along with numerical weather models such as those provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in Reading, England.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines
operated by Olympic Air
Seasonal: Athens
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Berlin Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart
Air Malta Amsterdam, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Catania, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Exeter, Lyon, Marseille, Prague
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
British Airways London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg (begins 26 April 2017)[13]
Czech Airlines Seasonal: Prague
easyJet London-Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa, Naples
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Emirates Dubai-International, Larnaca
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Jet2.com Seasonal: East Midlands, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Medavia Seasonal: Palermo
Niki Vienna
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Madrid, Oslo-Gardermoen
Ryanair Athens, Bari, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bournemouth, Bristol, Brussels (begins 1 November 2016), Budapest, Catania (begins 30 October 2016), Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Gdańsk, Girona, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kaunas, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Madrid, Marseille, Nuremberg (begins 1 November 2016),[14] Pisa, Poznan, Prestwick, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Skavsta, Toulouse (begins 1 November 2016),[15] Treviso, Turin, Valencia (begins 30 October 2016),[16] Vilnius (begins 30 October 2016),[16] Wrocław
Seasonal: Billund, Gothenburg, Trapani, Weeze
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm-Arlanda
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Zürich
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Manchester
Thomas Cook Airlines
operated by SmartLynx Airlines
Seasonal: London-Gatwick
Thomson Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester
Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam
Transavia France Paris-Orly, Nantes
TUIfly Seasonal: Hannover
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Volotea Seasonal: Catania
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Rome-Fiumicino
Wizz Air Belgrade (begins 21 May 2017), Bucharest, Budapest, Gdańsk, Katowice (begins 27 March 2017), Sofia, Warsaw-Chopin

Statistics[edit]

Air Malta Airbus A319 taxing at Malta International Airport.
British Airways Airbus A320 takeoff from Malta International Airport.
Ryanair Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Malta International Airport.

Routes[edit]

Busiest International Routes out of Malta International Airport (2015)[5]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change (vs 2014)
1 London Gatwick Airport* 339,751 Increase 2.01
2 Frankfurt Airport 282,075 Increase 1.80
3 Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport 248,754 Increase 3.72
4 London Heathrow Airport* 187,843 Increase 1.14
5 Manchester Airport 166,470 Increase 3.67
6 Catania Airport 144,961 Increase 17.66
7 Munich Airport 140,802 Decrease 4.98
8 Istanbul Atatürk Airport 118,343 Increase 89.20
9 London Luton Airport* 116,116 Increase 8.98
10 Bergamo Airport 92,437 Increase 18.04
* All London Airports 820,732 Increase 5.37

Airlines[edit]

Top 10 Passenger Airlines out of Malta International Airport (2015)[5]
Rank Airline Passengers  % Change (vs 2014)
1 Air Malta 1,729,625 Decrease 0.60
2 Ryanair 1,225,663 Increase 11.79
3 EasyJet 331,484 Increase 1.00
4 Lufthansa 215,435 Decrease 4.24
5 Wizz Air 151,218 Increase 74.66
6 Turkish Airlines 118,344 Increase 101.45
7 Emirates 91,487 Increase 0.63
8 Alitalia 89,265 Decrease 6.96
9 British Airways 80,811 Increase 26.17
10 Vueling 79,737 Increase 24.95

Ground transportation[edit]

Taxis are available 24 hours a day from the airport to any destination in Malta.

The airport car parking has considerably increased during 2009. It offers therefore a larger capacity for parking handled and managed by MIA.

Malta International Airport is served also by several buses operated by private transportation groups (Żarb Coaches, Ċanċu, Supreme Travel and more) and public transport operated by Malta Public Transport.

Bus[edit]

Malta International Airport is well-served by public transport.

Malta Public Transport buses serve the airport. A mixture of Express and local services are available.:[17]

Car[edit]

The airport is located 5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of the capital, Valletta.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 5 January 1960, Vickers Viscount G-AMNY of British European Airways was damaged beyond economic repair at Luqa when it departed the runway after landing following a loss of hydraulic pressure.[18]
  • On 25 November 1973, Luqa Airport witnessed the landing of KLM Flight 861. The aircraft, named "Mississippi", was a Boeing 747 hijacked by three young Arabs over Iraqi airspace on a scheduled Amsterdam-Tokyo flight with 247 passengers on board, after the hijackers threatened to blow up the plane when no country would grant landing permission. Most of the passengers and the eight stewardesses were released after negotiations with the Maltese PM Dom Mintoff, who argued with the hijackers that the plane could not possibly take off with both the passengers and the 27,000 gallons of fuel they had demanded, given the (then) short runway. With 11 passengers on board the jumbo jet left Malta to Dubai, where the incident ended without fatalities.[19] The hijack was claimed by the Arab Nationalist Youth Organization.
  • On 23 November 1985, Luqa Airport was the scene of one of the deadliest aircraft hijackings in aviation history.[20] EgyptAir Flight 648 was forced to land in Malta en–route to Libya. Unit 777 of the Egyptian counter-terrorism forces was dispatched to deal with the incident. Storming of the Boeing 737, reluctantly authorised by Maltese officials after five hostages were shot, resulted in the death of over 60 passengers plus several security personnel, aircrew and members of the hijackers, the Abu Nidal Organization.
  • Abdelbaset al-Megrahi was convicted for the Lockerbie bombing on the theory that he loaded a bomb onto Air Malta Flight KM180 Malta-Frankfurt at Luqa Airport which it is alleged found its way via the interline baggage system onto Pan Am Feeder Flight 103A Frankfurt-London and eventually onto Pan Am Flight 103 London -New York.
  • MLA was the origin airport of the Air Malta Flight 830 Malta-Istanbul hijack which ended in Cologne.
  • On February 21, 2011, two Libyan fighter pilots, both claiming to be colonels, defected and landed their Mirage F1 jets at the airport after refusing to carry out orders to fire upon a group of civilian Libyan protesters in Tripoli. On the same day two Eurocopter Super Puma helicopters registered in France also landed carrying seven French nationals who were under Italian contracts to work in Libya.[21][22]|

Accolades[edit]

  • In 2010 Malta International Airport was awarded the title of "Most Noteworthy Airport for a New Small Budget Programme"[clarification needed] by Passenger Terminal World, the international review of airport design, technology, security, operations and management. The airport is classified among the top 15 airports worldwide, joining Dubai, Brussels, San Francisco, Stockholm, Heathrow, Changi, Barcelona and Vienna, which were also awarded.[23]
  • The Passenger Terminal World Annual 2010 said "When a new terminal can cost US$1.5 billion it is hard to think that many wonderful airports are being developed for a fraction of that sum, but Malta Airport is one such. With its current development programme it is a small airport with big plans – improving the commercial offer, enlarging security and other essential services, and gaining plaudits from the country's population."[23]
  • The company has picked up an international award for service quality: Best Airport in its category (1-5 million passengers) at the ACI Europe Awards and the Best Airport in Europe across all categories in the ACI Airport Service Quality (ASQ Survey).[when?][24][25]
  • In addition it also won Best Airport in its category (1-5 million passengers) at the ACI Europe Awards and the Best Airport in Europe across all categories in the ACI Airport Service Quality (ASQ Survey).[24][25][26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://corporate.maltairport.com/downloads/1005/2015%20-%20Annual%20Statistical%20Summary.pdf
  2. ^ "EAD Basic – Error Page". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Tunisia tourists diverted to Malta – MIA registers record". Times of Malta. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c [1]
  6. ^ "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "HOME". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Medavia. Retrieved on April 23, 2013. "P.O. Box 48, Malta International Airport Luqa LQA 4000"
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Air Malta. Retrieved on 23 April 2013. "Air Malta plc Level 2, Skyparks Business Centre Malta International Airport Luqa, Malta. LQA 9020"
  10. ^ "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267534/condor-adds-new-malta-link-from-late-april-2017/
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2016/02/11/fr-nueham-w16/
  15. ^ "Ryanair Opens Toulouse Service from Nov 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  16. ^ a b http://airlineroute.net/2016/04/14/fr-mla-w16/
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  19. ^ Dutch KLM Boeing 747
  20. ^ "1985: Commandoes storm hijacked plane". BBC. 24 November 1985. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  21. ^ "Two Libyan fighter pilots defect, fly to Malta". Reuters. 21 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Libyan plane carried pilots to fly Mirages back – PM". Times of Malta. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  23. ^ a b "MIA listed among top 15 airports". Times of Malta. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "Error!". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "ASQ Awards". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  26. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13

External links[edit]

Media related to Malta International Airport at Wikimedia Commons