Malta Memorial

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Malta Memorial
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Floriana War Memorial.jpg
Dedicated to Second World War Commonwealth aircrew
Used for those deceased
Unveiled3 May 1954
Location35°53′40.57″N 014°30′28.27″E / 35.8946028°N 14.5078528°E / 35.8946028; 14.5078528 (Malta Memorial)Coordinates: 35°53′40.57″N 014°30′28.27″E / 35.8946028°N 14.5078528°E / 35.8946028; 14.5078528 (Malta Memorial)
near 
Commemorated2,298
OVER THESE AND NEIGHBOURING LANDS AND SEAS THE AIRMEN WHOSE NAMES ARE RECORDED HERE FELL IN RAID OR SORTIE AND HAVE NO KNOWN GRAVE MALTA GIBRALTAR MEDITERRANEAN ADRIATIC TUNISIA SICILY ITALY YUGOSLAVIA AUSTRIA PROPOSITI INSULA TENAX TENACES VIROS COMMEMORAT
Plaque informing the public at the start of the walkway

The Malta Memorial is a war memorial monument to the 2,298 Commonwealth aircrew who lost their lives in the various Second World War air battles and engagements around the Mediterranean, whilst serving with the Commonwealth Air Forces flying from bases in Austria, Italy, Sicily, islands of the Adriatic and Mediterranean, Malta, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, West Africa, Yugoslavia and Gibraltar, and who have no known grave.[1][2]

Because of its pivotal contribution to the air war in the Mediterranean, Malta was chosen for the location of the memorial. Built on land donated by the Government of Malta,[3] it is located in the area of Floriana, to the south side of the Triton Fountain close to City Gate, the entrance to Malta's capital city, Valletta. It was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II on 3 May 1954.

The Malta Memorial is identified by the gilded bronze golden eagle which surmounts the 15 m (49 ft) column of Travertine marble, from Tivoli in the Sabine Hills near Rome.[3] It is carved with a light netted pattern and surmounted by a gilded bronze eagle 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) high. The monument was designed by Sir Hubert Worthington, while the eagle which surmounts the column is the work of the sculptor Charles Wheeler.

The column stands on a circular base around which the names are inscribed on bronze panels. The circular marble base itself is inscribed with the motto of the Royal Air Force and most Commonwealth air forces, "Per Ardua Ad Astra".

At the base of the column itself, a bronze panel bears the following inscription:[3]

OVER THESE AND NEIGHBOURING LANDS AND SEAS THE AIRMEN WHOSE NAMES ARE RECORDED HERE FELL IN RAID OR SORTIE AND HAVE NO KNOWN GRAVE MALTA GIBRALTAR MEDITERRANEAN ADRIATIC TUNISIA SICILY ITALY YUGOSLAVIA AUSTRIA PROPOSITI INSULA TENAX TENACES VIROS COMMEMORAT*

The Latin epigram may be rendered in English: AN ISLAND RESOLUTE OF PURPOSE REMEMBERS RESOLUTE MEN.[3]

Those remembered on the memorial include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CWGC in Malta" (PDF). Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  2. ^ Cemetery Details
  3. ^ a b c d e "Malta Memorial". Veterans Affairs, Canada. 2017-03-30. Archived from the original on 2017-12-20.
  4. ^ Casualty details—Trigg, Lloyd Alan, Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved on 29 October 2008.