Centaurea melitensis

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Centaurea melitensis
Maltese star thistle (Centaurea melitensis) (5831615942).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cynareae
Genus: Centaurea
Species: C. melitensis
Binomial name
Centaurea melitensis
Centaurea melitensis - MHNT

Centaurea melitensis (called Maltese star-thistle[1][2] in Europe, tocalote or tocolote in western North America) is an annual plant of the Asteraceae, 1 to 11 decimetres (4 to 43 in) high, with resin-dotted leaves and spine-tipped phyllaries. This plant is native to the Mediterranean region of Europe and Africa. It was introduced to North America in the 18th century; the first documented occurrence in California is in the adobe of a building constructed in San Fernando in 1797. It is also naturalized on a number of Pacific islands.


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ "Centaurea melitensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 

University of California, Davis, Agricultural and Natural Resources

External links[edit]