Malu Dreyer

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Malu Dreyer
WLP RLP 9648 Malu Dreyer.jpg
Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate
Assumed office
16 January 2013
Preceded by Kurt Beck
Deputy Leader of the Social Democratic Party
Assumed office
7 December 2017
Serving with Olaf Scholz, Manuela Schwesig, Ralf Stegner Natascha Kohnen and Thorsten Schäfer-Gümbel
Leader Martin Schulz
Olaf Scholz (Acting)
Andrea Nahles
Preceded by Aydan Özoğuz
President of the Federal Council
In office
1 November 2016 – 1 November 2017
President Joachim Gauck
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Stanislaw Tillich
Succeeded by Michael Müller
Minister of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Rhineland-Palatinate
In office
15 March 2002 – 15 January 2013
Prime Minister Kurt Beck
Preceded by Florian Gerster
Succeeded by Alexander Schweitzer
Personal details
Born (1961-02-06) 6 February 1961 (age 57)
Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Rhineland-Palatinate, West Germany
Nationality German
Political party SPD
Alma mater Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Website www.malu-dreyer.com

Maria Luise Anna "Malu" Dreyer (born 6 February 1961) is a German politician (SPD). Since 13 January 2013, she has served as Minister‑president of Rhineland-Palatinate. She is the first woman to hold this office. She served a one-year-term as the President of the Bundesrat from 1 November 2016-2017, which made her the deputy to the President of Germany while in office. She was the second female President of the Bundesrat and the sixth woman holding one of the five highest federal offices in Germany.

Early life and education[edit]

Dreyer was born the second of three children of a principal and a teacher.[1] Following a year as an exchange student at Claremont High School in California in 1977,[2] and her final Abitur exams at the Käthe-Kollwitz-Gymnasium Neustadt in 1980, Dreyer started her English studies and Roman Catholic theology at the University of Mainz. The following year she switched majors to jurisprudence and graduated in both law degrees with the first Staatsexamen in 1987 and the second Staatsexamen three years later with an excellent academic record.[1]

Career[edit]

From 1989, Dreyer worked at the University of Mainz as a research assistant to Professor Hans-Joachim Pflug.[3] In 1991 she received her appointment as a probationary judge, and later as a prosecutor in Bad Kreuznach.[2]

Minister‑president of Rhineland-Palatinate, 2012–present[edit]

Having served as State Minister of Social Affairs, Labor, Health and Demography since 2002, Dreyer was the designated successor of incumbent Minister-president Kurt Beck, who announced his upcoming resignation from the post on September 28, 2012.[4] She was officially elected on 16 January 2013.

As one of Rhineland-Palatinate's representatives at the Bundesrat, Dreyer serves on the Committee on Foreign Affairs and on the Committee on European Union Affairs.

In the negotiations to form a Grand Coalition of Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats (CDU together with the Bavarian CSU) and the SPD following the 2013 federal elections, Dreyer was part of the SPD delegation in the working group on cultural and media affairs, led by Michael Kretschmer and Klaus Wowereit.

In the 2016 state elections, Dreyer managed to convert her high personal approval ratings into a 36.2% win against her opponent Julia Klöckner,[5] improving her party’s 2011 result by half a percentage point.[6] In electing Dreyer, the electorate voted to keep the SPD in office for their sixth consecutive term.[7]

During her second term in office, Dreyer’s government decided to sell the state’s 82.5 percent stake in the loss-making Frankfurt–Hahn Airport in western Germany to Chinese conglomerate HNA Group.[8]

In late 2017, SPD members elected Dreyer to the party’s national leadership for the first time as a vice chair.[9]

Political positions[edit]

Following the 2017 national elections, Dreyer warned against another grand coalition and favored a minority government.[10]

Other activities[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Since 2004 Dreyer has been married to Klaus Jensen, a fellow SPD politician and a former mayor of Trier who had been widowed three years earlier.[15]

She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1994.[16] This inhibits her physical movement. She made her illness public in 2006, and when traveling she now always takes her "Rolli" (wheelchair) along, for covering longer distances.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Malu Dreyer - Eine starke Frau wird Landesmutter". rhein-zeitung.de (in German). Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  2. ^ a b "Gesundheit für Kinder und Familien" (PDF). vivafamilia.de (in German). Retrieved 2012-10-03. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Die Abgeordneten des Landtags Rheinland-Pfalz: 16. Wahlperiode 2011–2016". landtag.rlp.de (in German). Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  4. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (28 September 2012). "Beck hört als Ministerpräsident und SPD-Chef in Rheinland-Pfalz auf". Der Spiegel/Spiegel Online. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  5. ^ What Germany’s state election results mean for its politics The Economist blog, March 14, 2016.
  6. ^ Philip Oltermann (March 14, 2016), German elections: the candidates who backed Merkel's refugee stance – and won The Guardian.
  7. ^ Kate Brady (March 13, 2016), Rhineland-Palatinate plays it safe, re-electing SPD for sixth consecutive term Deutsche Welle.
  8. ^ Victoria Bryan (March 1, 2017), German region decides to sell Hahn airport to China's HNA Reuters.
  9. ^ Emily Schultheis (January 5, 2018), 8 key players in Germany’s coalition talks Politico Europe.
  10. ^ Emily Schultheis (January 5, 2018), 8 key players in Germany’s coalition talks Politico Europe.
  11. ^ Board of Directors ZDF.
  12. ^ Members Central Committee of German Catholics.
  13. ^ Members Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES).
  14. ^ Advisory Board Fritz Walter Foundation.
  15. ^ Dieter Lintz (2 July 2004). "Beck erster Gratulant". Volksfreund-Druckerei Nikolaus Koch GmbH, Trier. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  16. ^ Malu Dreyer zum 50.: Mit Leib und Seele Sozialpolitikerin rhein-zeitung.de, abgerufen am 28. September 2012
  17. ^ "Becks Erbin in Rheinland-Pfalz: Malu Dreyer trotzt ihrer Krankheit". RP Digital GmbH, Düsseldorf. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kurt Beck
Minister-president of Rhineland-Palatinate
2013–present
Succeeded by
incumbent