Maluku (province)

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Kota Ambon.jpg
Fort Belgica 01.JPG
Pantai Ora 2.jpg
Clockwise, from top left : Cityscape of Ambon, Ora beach, Banda Islands, Fort Belgica
Flag of Maluku
Official seal of Maluku
Motto(s): Siwa Lima (Ambonese)
(Belongs together)
Location of Maluku in Indonesia
Location of Maluku in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°42′18″S 128°10′12″E / 3.70500°S 128.17000°E / -3.70500; 128.17000Coordinates: 3°42′18″S 128°10′12″E / 3.70500°S 128.17000°E / -3.70500; 128.17000
Country  Indonesia
Capital Lambang Ambon.png Ambon
 • Governor Said Assagaff (Golkar)
 • Vice Governor Zeth Sahuburua
 • Total 46,914.03 km2 (18,113.61 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 1,708,190
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Demographics[citation needed]
 • Ethnic groups Significantly mixed ethnicity; Alfuros, Eurasians, Chinese, Bugis people, Butonese people, Javanese, other Indonesians
 • Religion Islam (50.8%), Protestantism (41.6%), Catholicism (6.8%), Hinduism (0.4%), Buddhism (<0.1%), Confucianism (<0.1%), others (0,4%)[2]
 • Languages Indonesian, Ambonese, other languages
Time zone WIT (UTC+9)
Vehicle registration DE

Increase 0.667 (Medium)

HDI rank 23rd (2014)

Maluku (English: Moluccas) is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the central and southern regions of the Maluku Islands. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon on the small Ambon Island. The province had a population of 1,533,506 at the 2010 Census, and the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 1,708,190.

All the Maluku Islands were part of a single province from 1950 until 1999. In 1999, the northern part of Maluku (then comprising the Maluku Utara Regency, the Halmahera Tengah Regency and the City of Ternate) were split off to form a separate province of North Maluku (Indonesian: Maluku Utara)

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province of Maluku is currently divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and the two cities (kota) of Ambon and Tual, which form the tenth and eleventh regency-level administrative divisions. The regencies and cities, with their administrative capitals, are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and at the latest (2014) Estimates:

Regency Capital Area (km²) Population
2014 Estimates
Ambon City (Kota Ambon) 298.61 331,254 368,987 0.790 (High)
Tual City (Kota Tual)
(in the Kei Islands)
254.39 58,082 64,698 0.649 (Medium)
Aru Islands
(Kepulauan Aru)
Dobo 8,152.42 84,138 93,722 0.599 (Low)
Buru Regency Namlea 4,932.32 108,445 120,798 0.651 (Medium)
Central Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tengah)
Masohi 7,953.81 361,698 402,900 0.686 (Medium)
East Seram Regency
(Seram Bagian Timur)
Bula or
Dataran Hunimoa
6,429.88 99,065 110,350 0.595 (Low)
South Buru Regency
(Buru Selatan)
Namrole[4] 3,780.56 53,671 59,785 0.607 (Medium)
Southeast Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tenggara)
Langgur, in the
Kei Islands
1,031.81 96,442 107,428 0.627 (Medium)
Southwest Maluku Regency
(Maluku Barat Daya)
Tiakur, in the
Leti Islands[5]
4,581.06 70,714 78,769 0.580 (Low)
West Seram Regency
(Seram Bagian Barat)
Piru or
Dataran Hunipopu
4,046.35 164,654 183,412 0.623 (Medium)
Western Southeast Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tenggara Barat)
Saumlaki, in the
Tanimbar Islands
4,465.79 105,341 117,341 0.598 (Low)


Currently the economy of Maluku is dominated by agriculture, forestry and fisheries that contribute to about 25.00 percent of the total.[6][7] Government service sector, defence and compulsory Social Security contribute to roughly 21 percent. The business field and retail trade; cars and motorcycles repair & services at 12.59 percent; construction sector contributes 7.41 percent.[6] Maluku's economy in 2014 has shown positive improvement as compared to 2013. The GDP growth rate in 2014 reached 6.70 percent, while in 2013 amounted to 5.26 percent. The highest economic growth is in the field of electricity and gas supply business which grew by 31.11 percent. The business service is another sector that experienced positive growth in 2014.[6] Other economic activities also recorded positive growth, including mining and quarrying (21.47 percent) ; education services business field (9.52 percent); transportation and warehousing business sector (8.77 percent) ; processing industry (8.42 percent); information and communication (7.62 per cent); financial services business (7.61 percent); construction (7.31 percent); real estate (7.10 percent).[6]

List of major islands and island groups in Maluku[edit]

Maluku as the south part of the Maluku Islands


Historical population
1971 1,089,565—    
1980 1,411,006+29.5%
1990 1,857,790+31.7%
1995 2,086,516+12.3%
2000 1,205,539−42.2%
2010 1,533,506+27.2%
2014 1,708,190+11.4%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010
Religion in Maluku (2010 census)[8]
religion percent
Roman Catholicism
Not Asked
Not Stated

Notable persons[edit]

  • Andries Jan Pieters (1916–1952), Dutch collaborator with Nazis who was executed for war crimes

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Maluku, HASIL SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 Agregat Data per Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Maluku Archived 2011-08-19 at WebCite (in Indonesian) Census results (retrieved 02 February 2011)
  2. ^ Data Sensus Penduduk 2010 - Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia <>
  3. ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014
  4. ^ UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 32 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PEMBENTUKAN KABUPATEN BURU SELATAN DI PROVINSI MALUKU Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine. (in Indonesian) (Law of the Indonesian Republic number 32 of the year 2008 on the establishment of Kabupaten Buru Selatan in the Province Maluku)
  5. ^ UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 31 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PEMBENTUKAN KABUPATEN MALUKU BARAT DAYA DI PROVINSI MALUKU Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. (in Indonesian) (Law of the Indonesian Republic number 31 of the year 2008 on the establishment of Kabupaten Maluku Barat Daya in the Province Maluku)
  6. ^ a b c d Anonymous.2015.Maluku In Figures.Indonesia : Statistic Office Maluku Province
  7. ^ "BPS Provinsi Maluku". Retrieved 2016-05-01.
  8. ^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.