Maluku (province)

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Maluku Province
Provinsi Maluku
Flag of Maluku Province
Official seal of Maluku Province
Motto: Siwa Lima (Ambonese)
(Belongs together)
Location of Maluku in Indonesia
Location of Maluku in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°42′18″S 128°10′12″E / 3.70500°S 128.17000°E / -3.70500; 128.17000Coordinates: 3°42′18″S 128°10′12″E / 3.70500°S 128.17000°E / -3.70500; 128.17000
Country Indonesia
Capital Ambon
 • Governor Said Assagaff (Golkar)
 • Vice Governor Zeth Sahuburua
 • Total 46,914.03 km2 (18,113.61 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 1,708,190
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Demographics[citation needed]
 • Ethnic groups Significantly mixed ethnicity; Alfuros, Eurasians, Chinese, Buton, Javanese, other Indonesians
 • Religion Islam (50.8%), Protestantism (41.6%), Catholicism (6.8%), Hinduism (0.4%), Buddhism (<0.1%), Confucianism (<0.1%), others (0,4%)[2]
 • Languages Indonesian, Ambonese, other languages
Time zone WIT (UTC+9)

Maluku (Indonesian: Provinsi Maluku) (English: Moluccas) is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the central and southern regions of the Maluku Islands. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon on the small Ambon Island. The province had a population of 1,533,506 at the 2010 Census, and the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 1,708,190.

All the Maluku Islands were part of a single province from 1950 until 1999. In 1999 the northern part of Maluku (then comprising the Maluku Utara Regency, the Halmahera Tengah Regency and the City of Ternate) were split off to form a separate province of North Maluku (Indonesian: Maluku Utara)

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 1,089,565 —    
1980 1,411,006 +29.5%
1990 1,857,790 +31.7%
1995 2,086,516 +12.3%
2000 1,205,539 −42.2%
2010 1,533,506 +27.2%
2014 1,708,190 +11.4%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province of Maluku is currently divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and the two cities (kota) of Ambon and Tual, which form the tenth and eleventh regency-level administrative divisions. The regencies and cities, with their administrative capitals, are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and at the latest (2014) Estimates:

Regency Capital Area (km²) Population
Ambon City (Kota Ambon) 298.61 331,254 368,987
Tual City (Kota Tual)
(in the Kei Islands)
254.39 58,082 64,698
Aru Islands
(Kepulauan Aru)
Dobo 8,152.42 84,138 93,722
Buru Regency Namlea 4,932.32 108,445 120,798
Central Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tengah)
Masohi 7,953.81 361,698 402,900
East Seram Regency
(Seram Bagian Timur)
Bula or
Dataran Hunimoa
6,429.88 99,065 110,350
South Buru Regency
(Buru Selatan)
Namrole[3] 3,780.56 53,671 59,785
Southeast Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tenggara)
Langgur, in the
Kei Islands
1,031.81 96,442 107,428
Southwest Maluku Regency
(Maluku Barat Daya)
Tiakur, in the
Leti Islands[4]
4,581.06 70,714 78,769
West Seram Regency
(Seram Bagian Barat)
Piru or
Dataran Hunipopu
4,046.35 164,654 183,412
Western Southeast Maluku Regency
(Maluku Tenggara Barat)
Saumlaki, in the
Tanimbar Islands
4,465.79 105,341 117,341


The structure of most of the people of Maluku business field is still dominated by business field Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries that role by 25.03 percent, then the field of business administration. [5][6] Government, Defence and Compulsory Social Security amounted to 20.98 percent, the business field and Retail Trade, Repair Cars and Motorcycles at 12.59 percent and Construction business sector 7.41 percent.[7] Maluku's economy in 2014 has increased compared to growth in 2013. The GDP growth rate of Maluku in 2014 reached 6.70 percent, while in 2013 amounted to 5.26 percent. The highest economic growth in the field of Electricity and Gas Supply business by 31.11 percent. While the business sector GDP is another economy in 2014 experienced positive growth.[8] As for other economic activities sequentially to record positive growth, including the undertaking of Mining and Quarrying recorded at 21.47 percent; Education Services business field by 9.52 percent; Transportation and Warehousing business sector amounted to 8.77 percent; Processing Industry business sector amounted to 8.42 percent; business field of Information and Communication 7.62 per cent; Financial Services business field by 7.61 percent; Construction business sector at 7.31 percent; Real Estate business field by 7.10 percent.[9]

List of major islands and island groups in Maluku[edit]

Maluku as the south part of the Maluku Islands

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Maluku, HASIL SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 Agregat Data per Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Maluku (Indonesian) Census results (retrieved 02 February 2011)
  2. ^ Data Sensus Penduduk 2010 - Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia (
  3. ^ UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 32 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PEMBENTUKAN KABUPATEN BURU SELATAN DI PROVINSI MALUKU (Indonesian) (Law of the Indonesian Republic number 32 of the year 2008 on the establishment of Kabupaten Buru Selatan in the Province Maluku)
  4. ^ UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 31 TAHUN 2008 TENTANG PEMBENTUKAN KABUPATEN MALUKU BARAT DAYA DI PROVINSI MALUKU (Indonesian) (Law of the Indonesian Republic number 31 of the year 2008 on the establishment of Kabupaten Maluku Barat Daya in the Province Maluku)
  5. ^ Anonymous.2015.Maluku In Figures.Indonesia : Statistic Office Maluku Province
  6. ^
  7. ^ Anonymous.2015.Maluku In Figures.Indonesia : Statistic Office Maluku Province
  8. ^ Anonymous.2015.Maluku In Figures.Indonesia : Statistic Office Maluku Province
  9. ^ Anonymous.2015.Maluku In Figures.Indonesia : Statistic Office Maluku Province