Malur

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Malur
Taluk Village
Nickname(s): 
Malligepura
Malur is located in Karnataka
Malur
Malur
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°01′16″N 77°56′17″E / 13.021°N 77.938°E / 13.021; 77.938Coordinates: 13°01′16″N 77°56′17″E / 13.021°N 77.938°E / 13.021; 77.938
CountryIndia
StateKarnataka
DistrictKolar
Area
 • Total7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)
Elevation
909 m (2,982 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total40,050
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
 • RegionalKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
563 130
Telephone code08151
Vehicle registration07 and 08

Malur (Kannada - ಮಾಲೂರು) is a town and taluk headquarters in Kolar district of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is 26 km from Kolar, the district headquarters, and about 25 km from Bangalore. It is accessible from Bangalore by road and railways. The Chennai Central-Bangalore City line passes through Malur, with trains to various parts of India, including Tirupati, Chennai, Kochi, Trivandrum, Patna and Calcutta.

Geography[edit]

Malur is located at 13°00′N 77°56′E / 13.00°N 77.94°E / 13.00; 77.94.[1] It has an average elevation of 910 metres (2,990 ft). It has a Tropical wet and dry climate, similar to Bangalore. It has summer temperatures rarely crossing 37°C, and winter temperatures rarely falling below 15°C.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India Census,[2] Malur had a population of 40,050. Males constitute 20,337 of the population and females 19,673. Malur has an average literacy rate of 82.47% higher than the state average of 75.36% : male literacy is 87.40%, and female literacy is 77.36%. In Malur, 4,589 that is 11.46% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kannada is the main language spoken in Malur, but Telugu and Tamil are also widely used, it being just 15km away from the Tamil Nadu border, and 55km from the Andhra Pradesh border.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Malur is primarily dependent on business and it is famous for clay tile-and-brick industry and some small-scale industries. Eucalyptus plantations are common. Vegetables and millets are the main crop grown, largely beans and tomatoes, as well as ragi and maize. This region is one of the largest producers of ragi in India. Flowers are also grown widely and are exported to large cities. Another source of income in Malur are brick kilns, their products being exported to Chennai and Bangalore. It is a major industrial centre, with factories like Honda Motor Cycle Limited, Mahindra Aerospace, Scania AB, Medinova and some other factories. There is a lot of employment available, with labourers from other parts of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra. The number of labourers from North India are also increasing with better accessibility. Challenges being faced include bonded labour, especially in brick kilns. Poultry farming is also common on an industrial scale.

Culture[edit]

Malur was once called Malligepura. Jasmine flowers are cultivated widely in it. A famous temple is situated in Chikka Tirupati, which means "small Tirupati" in Kannada. Karaga is a major festival in Malur. The festival is celebrated in Malur exactly a week after it happens in Bangalore.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malur
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.