Malus florentina

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Malus florentina
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
M. florentina
Binomial name
Malus florentina

Crataegus florentina
Pyrus crataegifolia

Malus florentina is a species of apple known by the common names Florentine crabapple and hawthorn-leaf crabapple. It is native to the Balkan Peninsula and Italy, and it is grown elsewhere as an ornamental tree.


Closeup of ripe red fruit

The tree is deciduous, upright and vase shaped,[1] growing up to 8 to 6 metres (26 to 20 feet). It is cold hardy to UK zone 4 and the United States Department of Agriculture's zones 4–8, and is not frost tender. It blossoms in June, and the seeds ripen from October to November.[2] Flowers appear in corymbs.[1]

The fruit is oval, measuring about 15 by 8 millimetres (58 by 38 in). It ripens in mid autumn and usually blets on the tree.[citation needed]


The botanical name florentina and common name florentine refer to the municipality of Florence, Italy, which has a major history of botanical collection in their famous Renaissance gardens. The other common name hawthorn-leaf refers to its distinct toothed[1] leaf shape, which closely resembles that of a hawthorn and is unusual for a crabapple.


The seeds of all crabapples contain hydrogen cyanide, which can be toxic if consumed in large quantities.[2]


The fruit be eaten raw or cooked. When bletted, it has a mealy texture with a soft acid flesh, is refreshing in small quantities.[2]

The species is suitable for cultivating in all kind of soils, with all levels of pH, but prefers moist or wet soil that is well drained. It prefers full sun but can also manage when semi-shaded.[2][1]


External links[edit]

Media related to Malus florentina at Wikimedia Commons