Malus sikkimensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Malus sikkimensis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
M. sikkimensis
Binomial name
Malus sikkimensis
    • Malus baccata subsp. sikkimensis (Wenz.) Likhonos in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3): 28 (1974)
    • Pyrus pashia var. sikkimensis Wenz. in Linnaea 38: 49 (1873)
    • Pyrus sikkimensis (Wenz.) Hook.f. in Fl. Brit. India 2: 373 (1878)
    • Sinomalus sikkimensis (Wenz.) Rushforth in Phytologia 100: 245 (2018)

Malus sikkimensis is a rare species of apple known by the common name Sikkim crabapple. Its Chinese name is xi jin hai tang (锡金海棠). It is native to China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Tibet and parts of India, where it is threatened due to loss of habitat.[2]

It bears white and pink flowers and dark red fruit which are edible. The fruits are a primary source (within India and Himalayas) of dietary dihydrochalcones and flavonoids (both organic compounds). An extract of the fruit of M. sikkimensis has potential for protective and therapeutic properties (Shri et al. 2018).[3]

It was first published in Gatt. Pomac. on page 27 in 1890.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Malus sikkimensis (Wenz.) Koehne | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 29 October 2023.
  2. ^ Rhodes, L.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Malus sikkimensis. e.T50050877A50671549". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2023. Last assessed 01 July 2014
  3. ^ Shri, K.S.; Sharma, Y.P.; Pankaj, S.; Pratima, V.; Randhawa, S.S. (2018). "Wild edible fruits of Himachal Pradesh state centre on climate change & UNEP-GEF-MoEFCC project report". Retrieved 10 September 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Malus sikkimensis at Wikimedia Commons