Borthwick in a newspaper in December 1911.
June 19, 1869
Boone, Iowa, U.S.
August 15, 1914 (aged 45)|
Spring Green, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Other names||Mamah Borthwick|
Martha "Mamah" Borthwick (June 19, 1869 – August 15, 1914) was a translator primarily noted for her relationship with Frank Lloyd Wright, which ended when she was murdered. She and Wright were instrumental in bringing the ideas and writings of Swedish feminist Ellen Key to American audiences. Wright built his famous settlement called Taliesin in Wisconsin for her, in part, to shield her from aggressive reporters and the negative public sentiment surrounding their non-married status. Both had left their spouses and children in order to live together and were the subject of relentless public censure.
Borthwick earned her BA at the University of Michigan in 1892. She later worked as a librarian in Port Huron, Michigan. In 1899, Borthwick married Edwin Cheney, an electrical engineer from Oak Park, Illinois, United States. They had two children: John (1902) and Martha (1905).
Mamah met Wright's wife, Catherine, through a social club. Soon after, Edwin commissioned Wright to design them a home, now known as the Edwin H. Cheney House. Mamah's sister, Elizabeth Bouton Borthwick, lived in an apartment on the lower level of the house.
In 1909, Mamah and Wright left their spouses and separately traveled to Europe to rejoin. Most of their friends and acquaintances considered their open closeness to be scandalous, especially since Catherine had refused to agree to a divorce. The Chicago newspapers criticized Wright, implying that he would soon be arrested for immorality, despite statements from the local sheriff that he could not prove that the couple was doing anything wrong. After the couple moved to Taliesin, the editor of the Spring Green, Wisconsin, newspaper condemned Wright for bringing scandal to the village. The press, which reported the European trip as a "spiritual hegira", called Mamah and Wright "soul mates" and also referred to Taliesin as the "love castle" or "love bungalow". The scandal affected Wright's career for several years; he did not receive his next major commission, the Imperial Hotel, until 1916.
In 1911, Borthwick began translating the works of the Swedish feminist thinker and writer Ellen Key, whom she admired and had visited while in Europe.
On August 15, 1914, while Wright was working in Chicago, Julian Carlton, a male servant from Barbados who was apparently mentally unstable and was hired several months earlier, set fire to the living quarters of Taliesin and murdered seven people with an axe as they fled the burning structure. The dead included Mamah; her two children, John and Martha; David Lindblom, a gardener; a draftsman named Emil Brodelle; Thomas Bunker, a workman; and Ernest Weston, the son of Wright's carpenter William Weston, who himself was injured but survived. Thomas Fritz also survived the mayhem, and Weston helped to put out the fire that almost completely consumed the residential wing of the house. In hiding, Carlton swallowed muriatic acid immediately following the attack in an attempt to kill himself. When found, he was nearly lynched on the spot, but was taken to the Dodgeville jail. Carlton died from starvation seven weeks after the attack, despite medical attention. At the time, Wright was overseeing work on Midway Gardens in Chicago.
In popular culture
A detailed nonfiction account of the tragedy at Taliesin is provided in Death in a Prairie House: Frank Lloyd Wright and the Taliesin Murders by William R. Drennan.
An opera, Shining Brow, covers the story of the Cheneys and the Wrights, from when they meet in Wright's office, through the aftermath of Mamah's death. Music was composed by American composer Daron Hagen with a libretto by Paul Muldoon.
There is a song titled "Mamah Borthwick (A Sketch)" on the 2016 album "Ruminations" by Conor Oberst.
- "The Terrible Crime at Frank Lloyd Wright's Taliesin". 2017-12-05. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- Calendar of the University of Michigan for 1892-93. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. 1893. p. 189.
- "Frank Lloyd Wright". www.steinerag.com. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- "The queer view of marital life". Fort Wayne Sentinel. 26 February 1912. p. 12. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via newspaperarchive.com.
- "Six are slain in love castle". Racine Journal News. 17 August 1914. p. 10. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via newspaperarchive.com.
- "Soulmate stunt loses its zest". Kokomo Daily Tribune. 3 August 1910. p. 1. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via newspaperarchive.com.
- BBC News article: "Mystery of the murders at Taliesin".
- "Carleton is held on murder charges". Racine Journal News. 28 August 1914. p. 4. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via newspaperarchive.com.
- "Mystery of the murders at Taliesin". 2001. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- "The Massacre at Frank Lloyd Wright's "Love Cottage"". HISTORY.com. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- William R. Drennan (18 January 2007). Death in a Prairie House: Frank Lloyd Wright and the Taliesin Murders. Terrace Books. ISBN 978-0-299-22210-9.
- "Novel Sheds Light on Frank Lloyd Wright's Mistress". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
- "T.C. Boyle's 'Women' Recasts Frank Lloyd Wright Bio". NPR.org. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2014.