Mamburao

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Mamburao
Municipality
Municipality of Mamburao
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Mamburao
Seal
Map of Occidental Mindoro with Mamburao highlighted
Map of Occidental Mindoro with Mamburao highlighted
Mamburao is located in Philippines
Mamburao
Mamburao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°13′N 120°36′E / 13.22°N 120.6°E / 13.22; 120.6Coordinates: 13°13′N 120°36′E / 13.22°N 120.6°E / 13.22; 120.6
Country  Philippines
Region Mimaropa (Region IV-B)
Province Occidental Mindoro
District Lone District
Founded 1955
Barangays 15 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Angelina F. Tria
 • Electorate 24,419 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 283.51 km2 (109.46 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 42,975
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 5106
PSGC 175106000
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Climate type Tropical climate
Income class 2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 132,318,636.29 (2016)
Native languages Iraya
Tagalog
Website mamburao.gov.ph

Mamburao, Tagalog pronunciation: [mɐmbʊraw]), officially the Municipality of Mamburao, is a 2nd class municipality and capital of the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 42,975 people.[3]

History[edit]

Mamburao was originally settled by the Moro people and was one of their strongholds in the island of Mindoro. The settlement was the first one in Mindoro to be plundered by the Spaniards. Hearing that it was a rich town, the Spanish and their Pintado allies attacked and captured the population. The wealthy among their captives were then allowed to ransom themselves free. With their superior weapons and knowledge of war strategies used in their just concluded Reconquista, they utilised this method all around the islands, and by this the Spanish earned their gold.

In January 1, 1560, wanting more, Miguel López de Legazpi sent a fleet of 15 boats from Panay, led by his grandson Juan de Salcedo, to conquer the Moro town. Another expedition was sent to Mamburao, led by Salcedo and Martin de Goiti, with the intent of establishing Spanish presence in Mindoro.[4]

Catholicism was propagated in Mamburao and the town was placed under the third convent district based in Cavite. Mamburao was subjected to attack by the Mindanao Moro, guided by its former Mamburao inhabitants who wanted to claim their lands and have a prosperous life there between the 17th and 18th centuries. Mamburao, supported by its population, was even made into a sea haven by the Moros, who used it as base of their sea attacks against Friar induced settlements on coastal towns in Mindoro, Luzon and Visayas.

In the late 19th century, encouraged by Spanish authorities promising them rich lands to till, with weapons but in exchange for working as its ready foot soldiers on quick notice, Mamburao then saw an influx of Ilocano and Tagalog immigrants.[4]

Near the end of the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines, the settlement of Sablayan was incorporated to Mamburao as a barrio. In 1905 Paluan and Abra de Ilog were likewise incorporated under Act 1280. Abra de Ilog, Paluan and Sablayan were later carved out from Mamburao as separate municipalities. Another barrio of Mamburao, Santa Cruz, was also made into a separate municipality.[4]

Mamburao was designated as the capital of Occidental Mindoro when the island province of Mindoro was divided into two separate provinces in June 13, 1950: Oriental and Occidental Mindoro.[4]

Barangays[edit]

Mamburao is politically subdivided into 15 barangays. Eight barangays are found in the population created under P.D. 86 and seven are outside the poblacion area.

Barangay Urban/rural Population (2015)
Balansay
Rural
6,958
Fatima (Tii)
Rural
2,080
Payompon
Urban
10,706
San Luis (Ligang)
Rural
1,267
Talabaan
Rural
2,556
Tangkalan
Rural
2,677
Tayamaan
Rural
8,764
Poblacion 1 (Barangay 1)
Urban
251
Poblacion 2 (Barangay 2)
Urban
2,221
Poblacion 3 (Barangay 3)
Rural
218
Poblacion 4 (Barangay 4)
Rural
866
Poblacion 5 (Barangay 5)
Rural
434
Poblacion 6 (Barangay 6)
Rural
567
Poblacion 7 (Barangay 7)
Urban
2,197
Poblacion 8 (Barangay 8)
Urban
1,213

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Mamburao
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,927—    
1918 2,595+2.00%
1939 4,423+2.57%
1948 5,571+2.60%
1960 5,822+0.37%
1970 10,559+6.13%
1975 12,655+3.70%
1980 15,533+4.18%
1990 21,781+3.44%
1995 25,627+3.09%
2000 30,378+3.71%
2007 34,487+1.77%
2010 39,237+4.81%
2015 42,975+1.75%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Transportation[edit]

Tricycles are a common mode of transportation in Mamburao. Vans, jeepneys, and buses are also available and are a means of traveling to other parts of the island of Mindoro such as the port of Abra de Ilog and the southern municipality of San Jose. Mamburao Airport serves chartered flights, although Philippine Airlines used to schedule regular flights at the airport.[8]

Local government[edit]

Bird's eye view of Mamburao, Occidental Mindoro

Elected local government officials (2016-2019):

  • Mayor: Angelina "Lyn" F. Tria
  • Vice Mayor: Joel "Big J" C. Panaligan
  • Sangguniang Bayan:
    • Philip Ramirez
    • Jenny C. Villar
    • Fe Abeleda-Agoncillo
    • Ma. Dolores F. Calabio
    • Eduardo "Boy" Maneja
    • Noli Olfato
    • Bito Alastre
    • Abel Pantoja

Ex Officio members:

  • ABC President: Alan T. Aquino

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Occidental Mindoro". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "History". The Municipality of Mamburao. Mamburao Philippines. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Occidental Mindoro". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Transportation". The Municipality of Mamburao. Mamburao Philippines. Retrieved 1 April 2015.

External links[edit]