Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot
Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot
|Chief Minister of West Punjab|
15 August 1947 – 25 January 1949
|Governor||Sir Francis Mudie|
|Preceded by||Position Established|
|Succeeded by||Governor's rule|
|Leader of Opposition in Punjab Assembly|
|Preceded by||Bhim Sen Sachar|
|Succeeded by||Gopal Singh khalsa (in East Punjab)|
|Governor of Sindh|
24 June 1954 – 14 October 1955
|Preceded by||Habib Rahimtoola|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
Iftikhar Hussain Khan
31 December 1906
Lahore, Punjab, British India
|Died||16 October 1969 (aged 62)|
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
|Cause of death||Influenza|
|Relations||Asma Mamdot (niece)|
|Alma mater||Government College, Lahore|
Mamdot was born at Lahore in 1906. He was the son Shahnawaz Khan and a member of the ruling family of Mamdot. He was educated at Government College, Lahore, and thereafter joined the police service of Hyderabad State in the Deccan.
On the death of his father in 1942 he succeeded him as the Nawab of Mamdot and on inheriting his lands become the largest landowner in the Punjab. He also succeeded his father in politics as President of the Punjab Muslim League between 1942 and 1944. He actively worked to encourage the wealthy landowners of the Punjab to drop their support for the Unionist Party and support the Pakistan Movement. In 1946, he was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly and became leader of opposition. Later that year, he was the only Muslim League leader in the Punjab who supported Muhammad Ali Jinnah's call for the voluntary exchange of the populations within the Punjab. During the Partition of India in 1947 he migrated to Pakistan, abandoning his vast landholdings in eastern Punjab which became part of the Republic of India.
Chief Minister of West Punjab
On 15 August 1947, he was appointed as the first Chief Minister of West Punjab in Pakistan. Having foregone his constituency in Firozepur district and extensive estates in East Punjab, Mamdot sought to rebuild his powerbase in Pakistan. Without official sanction, he created the Allotment Revising Committee to cultivate new followers amongst refugees, and allegedly siphoned off properties and cars to his followers and former tenants. He became the largest claimant for agricultural land amongst the refugees. He opposed his minister for refugee rehabilitation Mian Iftikharuddin, whose reformist proposals advocated permanently settling refugees on evacuee property and excess land belonging to bigger landlords. His stance, together with his refusal to cooperate with the centrally appointed Pakistan and West Punjab Refugee and Rehabilitation Council led to the resignation of Mian Iftikharuddin, and provided a free hand to Mamdot to allocate evacuee properties as he wished.
Factionalism plagued Mamdot's ministry. Aside from conflict with Mian Iftikharuddin and Ghazanfar Ali Khan, head of the Refugee and Rehabilitation Council, he clashed with Mumtaz Daultana and Sir Francis Mudie. He labelled Mudie, the first Governor of West Punjab, a "foreigner", "pro-unionist" and "pro-Indian" and in turn, Mudie criticised him alleging that he remained in power to get his hands on more property.
Mamdot's ministry endured widespread accusations of corruption, and was labelled "unbelievably corrupt" by one British official. It was alleged he used public funds to personally acquire about 2,000 acres of prime agricultural land at nominal rates in Montgomery District, that he awarded to his brother several hundred acres of land in the same district that belonged to Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana and that he secretly deposited over 100,000 rupees from the Kashmir fund to his brother. Rival politicians alleged that he diluted their powerbases by relocating their supporters randomly across the province. A spokesman for the Rajput refugee community criticised Mamdot for not settling refugees together in accordance with the districts they came from, and noted that one village had refugees from between 13/14 different East Punjab districts which resulted in clashes on a daily basis. Mamdot resigned as Chief Minister in 1949 and an official enquiry was launched against him in relation to maladministration.[page needed] As no-one was able to form a new ministry, the Governor of West Punjab assumed direct control of the province.
In 1950 he left the Muslim League to form a new party, the Jinnah Muslim League, which contested the 1951 elections against the Muslim League led by his arch-rival Mumtaz Daultana. One consequence of the claims against Mamdot appeared following the result of the election, as representatives of refugees constituted just 5 per cent of the Punjab Assembly, despite refugees constituting about one-third of the total Punjabi population.
He rejoined the Muslim League in 1953 and was appointed Governor of Sind by Sir Ghulam Muhammad in 1954 He resigned his post in 1955 following the departure of Sir Ghulam from the political scene, and thereafter remained in the political wilderness. Mamdot died in Lahore on 16 October 1969.
- Ayesha Jalal, The Struggle for Pakistan: A Muslim Homeland and Global Politics, Harvard University Press, 16 Sep 2014, p.76
- Khan Mamdot, Iftikhar Nawab. "Dr. Asma Mamdoot - Punjab Assembly". Provincial Assembly of the Punjab website. p. 2., Retrieved 5 Aug 2016
- Mamdot, Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan. "Remembering vets". Nation. p. 1., The Nation newspaper, Published 27 Oct 2013, Retrieved 5 Aug 2016
- Yasmin Khan, The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan, New Edition, Yale University Press, 4 Jul 2017
- Devendra Panigrahi, India's Partition: The Story of Imperialism in Retreat, Routledge, 19 Aug 2004, p.347
- S. Padmavathi , D.G. Hariprasath, Mahatma Gandhi Assassination: J.L. Kapur Commission Report - Part - 1, Notion Press, 17 Jan 2017,
- Khan, Iftikhar Hussain. "Ex Chief Ministers of Punjab". Pakinformation. p. 1.
- Mamdoot, Nawab Iftikhar. "The Chief Ministers Of Punjab".
- Khan, Iftikhar Hussain. "Factional conflict between Mian Mumtaz Mohammad Khan Daultana and Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan of Mamdot in the Punjab Muslim League". Imran Aqeel Daultana., Retrieved 25 July 2017
- Roger D. Long, Gurharpal Singh, Yunas Samad, Ian Talbot, State and Nation-Building in Pakistan: Beyond Islam and Security, Routledge, 8 Oct 2015, p.24
- Roger D. Long, Gurharpal Singh, Yunas Samad, Ian Talbot, State and Nation-Building in Pakistan: Beyond Islam and Security, Routledge, 8 Oct 2015, p.25
- Safdar Mahmood, Pakistan: rule of Muslim League & inception of democracy 1947-54, Jang Publishers, 1997
- J. Henry Korson, Contemporary Problems of Pakistan, Brill Archive, 1974, p.20
- Roger D. Long, Gurharpal Singh, Yunas Samad, Ian Talbot, State and Nation-Building in Pakistan: Beyond Islam and Security, Routledge, 8 Oct 2015, p.26
- Shahid Javed Burki, Historical Dictionary of Pakistan, Rowman & Littlefield, 19 Mar 2015, p356
- Aḥmad Saʻīd, Institute of Pakistan Historical Research (Lahore, Pakistan), Muslim India, 1857-1947: a biographical dictionary, 1997, p.216
- Kamran, Tahir (2009), "Early phase of electoral politics in Pakistan: 1950s" (PDF), South Asian Studies, 24 (2): 257–282
- Samad, Yunas (1995), A Nation in Turmoil: Nationalism and Ethnicity in Pakistan, 1937-1958, Sage, ISBN 978-0-8039-9214-6
- Talbot, Ian (1998), Pakistan: A Modern History, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-21606-1
- Profile of Nawab Iftikhar Hussain of Mamdot on storyofpakistan.com website
- Our Chief Ministers
- MAMDOT NAWAB IFTIKHAR HUSAIN KHAN OF (1905-1969)[permanent dead link]
- Factional conflict between Mian Mumtaz Mohammad Khan Daultana and Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan of Mamdot in the Punjab Muslim League
- The Chief Ministers
| Chief Minister of Punjab
15 August 1947 – 25 January 1949