Part of Carnoy-Mametz
The 18th Lancers near Mametz in 1916
|7.25 km2 (2.80 sq mi)|
|• Density||26/km2 (68/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||68–135 m (223–443 ft) |
(avg. 73 m or 240 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Mametz is situated on the D64 road, some 32 kilometres (20 mi) northeast of Amiens and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Albert. Fricourt lies to the west, Contalmaison is to the north, Montauban-de-Picardie to the north-east and Carnoy and Maricourt are to the south-east. Mametz Wood is 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) to the north-west. Before the First World War, the village was the fifth largest in the area, with about 120 houses and had a station on the line from Albert to Péronne.
In the First World War, the area was the site of intense and sustained fighting between German and Allied forces. Between 1914 and 1916, the Western Front ran through Mametz, and the area was devastated. In 1916, Mametz was the site of particularly heavy fighting during the Battle of the Somme (see Capture of Mametz). It was also one of the sites where British mines were exploded on the first day of that battle. After the Armistice of 11 November 1918, the former inhabitants returned and gradually rebuilt most of the infrastructure as it had been before the war. There is a memorial in the commune to the 38th (Welsh) Division at Mametz Wood.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
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