Mammad Yusif Jafarov
|Mammad Yusif Jafarov
Məmməd Yusif Cəfərov
|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR)|
March 14, 1919 – December 22, 1919
|Preceded by||Fatali Khan Khoyski|
|Succeeded by||Fatali Khan Khoyski|
|Deputy Speaker of National Assembly of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR)|
February 2, 1920 – April 27, 1920
|Preceded by||Hasan bey Aghayev|
|Succeeded by||Office eliminated|
March 14, 1885|
|Died||May 15, 1938
Jafarov was born on March 14, in Baku, Azerbaijan. He was the younger brother of a prominent professor and journalist, Ali Isgender Jafarzadeh. After completion of his secondary education, Jafarov studied in at Moscow State University graduating with a cum laude degree in law in 1912. While in Moscow, he was one of the organizers of regular ethnic Azerbaijani concerts and co-founders of Azerbaijani diaspora organizations.
In 1912, when Fourth Duma of Russian Empire convened in Saint Petersburg, Mammad Yusif Jafarov was elected by the Muslim population of Baku, Ganja and Erivan governorates to represent them in state parliament. In Saint Petersburg, he joined Constitutional Democratic Party (also known as Kadets). While in the Duma, he repeatedly criticized Tsar's government for their unjust colonization policy in Azerbaijan. On March 9, immediately after Russia's February Revolution, the interim government established the Transcaucasian Committee of the Duma. Jafarov was one of the members of the committee managed the industrial and economic operations. On November 15, 1917, he was appointed Commissar of Industry and Trade of Transcaucasian Commissariat.
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
When Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was proclaimed on May 28, 1918, Jafarov was appointed the Minister of Industry and Trade within the new Cabinet of Azerbaijan established by Prime Minister Fatali Khan Khoyski. When the first cabinet was dissolved, he left his post and later served as a diplomatic representative of Azerbaijan in the Georgian government. On March 14, 1919, Jafarov was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan by the new government of Prime Minister Nasib Yusifbeyli. Jafarov is credited for his extensive work in disseminating the information about Azerbaijan in the international community. In October 1919, he joined the Musavat party. In December of the same year, Jafarov resigned as the cabinet of Yusifbeyli dissolved. In February 1920, he was appointed Deputy Speaker of Parliament of Azerbaijan. Due to absence of the Speaker Alimardan Topchubashov who was at the Versailles Peace Conference and eventually achieved the de facto recognition of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in January by the Council of Allied Powers, Jafarov served as the acting speaker and head of government until April 27, 1920 when Azerbaijan was occupied by Bolshevik 11th Red Army and ADR ceased to exist. He signed the documents of peaceful surrender of Azerbaijani government to Bolsheviks.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan
- Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
- Azerbaijani National Council
- "Presidential Library. Mammad Yusif Jafarov" (PDF). p. 71. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- "Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Mammad Yusif Jafarov". Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- Fuad Akhundov (Spring 1998). "Alimardan Topchubashev - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1862-1934)". Azerbaijan International. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-09.