Mammoth Cave (Western Australia)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mammoth Cave
Mammoth Cave Western Australia.jpg
Interior of Mammoth Cave
LocationMargaret River, Western Australia
Coordinates34°03′29″S 115°01′50″E / 34.05806°S 115.03056°E / -34.05806; 115.03056Coordinates: 34°03′29″S 115°01′50″E / 34.05806°S 115.03056°E / -34.05806; 115.03056
Depth30 m (98 ft)
Length500 m (1,600 ft)
Discovery1850[1] (European)
GeologyKarst cave
AccessSelf-guided audio tours
Registry6WI-38[2]

Mammoth Cave is a large limestone cave 21 km (13 mi) south of the town of Margaret River in south-western Western Australia, and about 300 km (190 mi) south of Perth. It lies within the Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park and is surrounded by Karri and Marri forest. It has also had extinct animal fossils found in Mammoth Cave.

Exploration[edit]

The cave is 500 m (1,600 ft) long and 30 m (98 ft) deep. It has been known from about 1850 to European settlers of the Margaret River district, but it was not explored until 1895.[1] Its first explorer Tim Connelly, who was appointed caretaker of the cave, conducted tours by lamplight until 1904 when electric lighting was installed.

Fossils[edit]

Reconstruction of Zygomaturus, fossil remains of which have been found in Mammoth Cave

The cave has been studied for over a century.[3] It has yielded fossils of Pleistocene fauna over 35,000 years old, including those of thylacines and the giant marsupial herbivore Zygomaturus.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jochen Duckeck (2011). "Mammoth Cave". Show Caves of the World. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Australian Karst Index Database". Australian Speleological Federation. 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Western Australia". The Capricornian. Rockhampton, Qld: National Library of Australia. 13 March 1909. p. 23. Retrieved 11 March 2013.

External links[edit]

  • "Mammoth Cave". Margaret River Wine Region. Margaret River Visitor Centre. Retrieved 11 March 2011.