Mamnoon Hussain

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Mamnoon Hussain
ممنون حسین
Mamnoon Hussain 2014 (cropped).jpg
Hussain in 2014
12th President of Pakistan
In office
9 September 2013 – 8 September 2018
Prime Minister
Preceded by Asif Ali Zardari
Succeeded by Arif Alvi
24th Governor of Sindh
In office
19 June 1999 – 12 October 1999
President Rafiq Tarar
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Moinuddin Haider
Succeeded by AM Azim Daudpota
Personal details
Born (1940-12-23) 23 December 1940 (age 77)
Agra, United Provinces, British India (now Uttar Pradesh, India)
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Spouse(s) Mehmooda Mamnoon
Alma mater Institute of Business Administration, Karachi
Website Government website

Mamnoon Hussain (Urdu: ممنون حسین‎; born 23 December 1940) is a Pakistani businessman and conservative politician who was the 12th President of Pakistan, served in office from 2013 to 2018.

Born in Agra, British India in 1940, his family migrated to settle in Karachi in 1947 where he went on to attain a commerce degree from the University of Karachi and later received an MBA from IBA. Hussain founded a textile company based out of Karachi and later joined the center-right Pakistan Muslim League in 1970, working as a party worker.[1] In 1997, he earned public notability as a business leader when he was elected as president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, serving until May 1999.

He was appointed as Governor of Sindh in June 1999 by President Rafiq Tarar; however, he was removed from the post a few months later due to the 1999 military coup d'état.[2] Hussain was nominated for the presidency by the PML-N in July 2013 and was elected through an indirect presidential election.[3][4] Hussain took over the presidency after an oath administered by the Chief Justice of Pakistan on 9 September 2013.[4][5] Hussain maintains a low-key profile as President and his role is rarely seen in the nation's politics, although he is involved in a polio eradication program.[6]

Personal life[edit]

Hussain hails from an Urdu speaking family[7] of shoe traders[8] and was born in Agra, UP during British rule.[9] He and his family migrated to Karachi, Pakistan in 1949 after the partition of India in 1947.[10]

After being home schooled,[11] Hussain enrolled in the Karachi University where he studied for the Commerce degree. After graduating from the Karachi University in 1963,[12] he entered in the master's program at the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in Karachi, and obtained his MBA degree in 1965.[13][14] Initially supporting and strengthening his father's business, he shifted to his own business in textile.[13] Hussain was once president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry.[15]

Political career[edit]

Hussain at the 2018 SCO summit in China

Hussain began to take interest in national politics in 1968 when he became chairman and joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led by Nurul Amin. Initially an activist with a missionary and reformative zeal in 1968, Hussain began joint secretary of the Pakistan Muslim League's Karachi chapter.[14] In 1993, he officially joined the PML(N) led by Nawaz Sharif and was appointed the Finance Secretary of the PML(N) in Sindh.[14]

In June 1999, he became the Governor of Sindh, but his term was cut short on 12 October 1999 when the PML(N) government was ousted in a military coup.[14] His credentials as a politician devoted to the cause of democracy were established when he became a political prisoner after raising his voice against the military regime of Pervez Musharraf.[14]

Azhar Haroon, the former president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said: "He had no political affiliation until 1999 but his polite discourse and professional ability impressed Nawaz Sharif, who appointed him as the Governor of Sindh".[16] He is a relatively lesser known figure,[10][17] described as loyal to Nawaz Sharif,[18] and was elected as President of Pakistan as the official nominee of the PML-N in the July 2013 presidential election. Hussain secured 432 votes and his only rival Wajihuddin Ahmed received 77.[19] He was sworn in on 9 September 2013 in a ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr, attended by mainstream political and military leadership alongside foreign dignitaries, media personnel and his close relatives.[20][21] At the time of assuming the office of president, he became the second oldest president of Pakistan.[22] His term for the presidency ended on 8 September 2018.[23] Hussain shares a distinction with former president Ayub Khan as both have given oath of office to five chief justices of Pakistan each during their tenure, that is the maximum number of chief justices sworn in by any president of Pakistan. This was the first time in Pakistan's history that a second consecutive elected presidency completed its term, first being the presidency of Asif Ali Zardari. Before Zardari, only elected president to complete his term was Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry but there was no succession by an election.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain: Indian-born president-elect of Pakistan - The Express Tribune". 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  2. ^ "Profile: Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain". BBC News. 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  3. ^ Staff report (9 September 2013). "Profile:Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain". BBC Pakistan Bureau, 2013. BBC Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b The Newspaper's Staff Reporter (9 September 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain takes oath today". Islamabad: Dawn News, 2013. Dawn Newspapers. p. 1. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Staff report (9 September 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain takes oath as country's 12th president". Islamabad: Pakistan Today. Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Rashid, Haroon (2014-03-03). "Mamnoon Hussain: Pakistan's 'invisible' president". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain most likely to replace Zardari". The News. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Shah, Benazir (31 July 2013). "EXCLUSIVE: Q&A WITH PRESIDENT-ELECT MAMNOON HUSSAIN". Newsweek. 
  9. ^ "Indian-Born Mamnoon Hussain Elected President of Pakistan, After Opposition PPP Boycotts Poll". IB Times. 30 July 1948. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Explainer: All You Need To Know About Pakistan's (Indirect) Presidential Election". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 10 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "I have never gone to school, says President Mamnoon - Pakistan". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2018-08-14. 
  12. ^ Zhao, Chen Lee (2 March 2014). "Profile: Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain". Xinhua, Pakistan bureau, 2014. Xinhua, Pakistan bureau. Archived from the original on 2015-01-19. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Shao, Ming (17 February 2014). "President Mamnoon Hussain". Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Shanghai Dail, Pakistan Bureau. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Govt. Pakistan. "President's Profile". Presidency, Govt of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  15. ^ Ghumman, Khawar (23 July 2013 ) Mamnoon strongest PML-N candidate. Dawn.
  16. ^ "India-born Mamnoon Hussain elected Pakistani president". NDTV.com. 
  17. ^ Nemtsova, Anna (30 July 2013). "Mamnoon Hussain: The New Man in Pakistan". Thedailybeast.com. 
  18. ^ Mamnoon Hussain elected President of Pakistan. Gulf News.
  19. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain elected 12th President of Pakistan". geo.tv. 30 July 2013. 
  20. ^ Mamnoon takes oath as 12th president today. nation.com.pk. 9 September 2013
  21. ^ "Current Pakistani Officials". Quickjobs.pk. Retrieved 2018-08-14. 
  22. ^ "Mamnoon Hussain becomes president at age of 73.5 years". www.thenews.com.pk. 
  23. ^ "President Mamnoon given farewell guard of honour". www.geo.tv. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Moinuddin Haider
Governor of Sindh
1999
Succeeded by
Azim Daudpota
Preceded by
Asif Ali Zardari
President of Pakistan
2013–2018
Succeeded by
Arif Alvi