|Capital, prefecture and commune|
View of the port of Mamoudzou
Location of the commune (in red) within Mayotte
|Overseas region and department||Mayotte|
|• Mayor (2014–present)||Mohamed Majani|
|Area||41.94 km2 (16.19 sq mi)|
|Population (August 2012 census)1||57,281|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||97611 /97600|
|Elevation||0–572 m (0–1,877 ft)|
|1 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Mamoudzou (French pronunciation: [mamudzu]; Shimaore Comorian: Momoju) is the capital of the French overseas region and department of Mayotte, in the Indian Ocean. Mamoudzou is the most populated commune (municipality) of Mayotte. It is located on Grande-Terre (or Mahoré), the main island of Mayotte.
The former capital of Mayotte was Dzaoudzi, on the small island of Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi), but Mamoudzou was chosen as the capital in 1977. In the 1985 census, 12,026 people were recorded in the main town.
There have been environment concerns about marine pollution in the area; "important degradation in the quality of the coastal waters" between 1977 and 2007 has been reported in the Coral Reef Lagoon in the Mamoudzou–Dzaoudzi strait, and in the Mamoudzou–Majikavo conurbation.
The commune is also subdivided into 3 cantons: Mamoudzou-1, Mamoudzou-2 and Mamoudzou-3.
The government owns the radio station in Mamoudzou and broadcasts in French and Mahorian. The government departments, including Agriculture and Forestry, Education, Health and Social Security, Public Works, Work, Employment and training and Youth and Sports are situated on the Rue Mariaze in the town. The government departments have been based in the town since before it became the capital, from World War II. France Télécom operates in the town.
|Official census figures.|
|Kavani||3 948||5 488|
|Kaweni||6 206||9 604|
|Mamoudzou||5 666||6 533|
|Mtsapéré||6 979||10 495|
|Passamainty||5 173||6 008|
|Tsountsou 1||2 093||3 058|
|Tsountsou 2||574||1 063|
|Vahibé||2 135||3 236|
|Statistics accurate as of 1997|
Mamoudzou contains a bank and shopping centre. The economic centre of the town is the Place du Marche, which contains the bank, Air France and Ewa Air offices, and the tourist office. The headquarters of the magazine Jana na Leo, "primarily concerned with articles on social life of the island of Mahore", is published in Mamoudzou. Restaurants of note in Mamoudzou include the Les Terrasses, Hotel Restaurant Isijiva, Le Barfly and Mamoudzou La Kaz.
- Allibert, Claude (2002). Regards sur Mayotte (in French). INALCO. p. 305. ISBN 978-2-85831-135-4.
- Wright, John (23 May 2006). New York Times Almanac 2002. Routledge. p. 1589. ISBN 978-1-135-45586-6.
- Ceccaldi, Hubert J. (12 January 2011). Global Change: Mankind-Marine Environment Interactions: Proceedings of the 13th French-Japanese Oceanography Symposium. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 407. ISBN 978-90-481-8630-3.
- Africa South of the Sahara 2003. Psychology Press. 31 October 2002. p. 243. ISBN 978-1-85743-131-5.
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- Hodd, Michael (1994). East African Handbook. Trade & Travel Publications. p. 706. ISBN 978-0-8442-8983-0.
- Ottenheimer, Martin (1 January 1994). Historical Dictionary of the Comoro Islands. Scarecrow Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-8108-2819-3.
- Nourault, Gilles; Perrin, François (2003). Mayotte: guide touristique et culturel (in French). Orphie. p. 315.
- Madagascar & Comoros. Lonely Planet. 2008. p. 257. ISBN 978-1-74104-608-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mamoudzou.|
- Official website (in French)