ولايت معمورة العزيز
|Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire|
The Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz,[dn 1] also referred to as Harput Vilayet (Armenian: Խարբերդի վիլայեթ Kharberd) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was also one of the Six vilayets. The vilayet was located between Euphrates and Murat river valleys. To the northwest was Sivas Vilayet.
Rev. Dr. Herman N. Barnum account of Harpoot in the 1800s,
|“||The city of Harpoot has a population of perhaps 20,000, and it is located a few miles east of the river Euphrates, near latitude thirty-nine, and east from Greenwich about thirty-nine degrees. It is on a mountain facing south, with a populous plain 1,200 feet below it. The Taurus Mountains lie beyond the plain, twelve miles away. The Anti-Taurus range lies some forty miles to the north in full view from the ridge just back of the city. The surrounding population are mostly farmers, and they all live in villages. No city in Turkey is the center of so many Armenian villages, and the most of them are large. Nearly thirty can be counted from different parts of the city. This makes Harpoot a most favorable missionary center. Fifteen out-stations lie within ten miles of the city. The Arabkir field, on the west, was joined to Harpoot in 1865, and the following year…the larger part of the Diarbekir field on the south; so that now the limits of the Harpoot station embrace a district nearly one third as large as new England.||”|
At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 14,614 square miles (37,850 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 575,314. It should be noted that the accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.
Sanjaks of the vilayet:
- Mamuret-ul-Aziz Sanjak (Elâzığ, Kemaliye, Arapgir, Pütürge)
- Malatya Sanjak (Malatya, Besni, Adıyaman, Kâhta, Akçadağ)
- Dersim Sanjak (Hozat, Tunceli, Çemişgezek, Akpazar, Ovacık, Nazımiye, Mazgirt)
- Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz, Redhouse Yeni Türkçe-İngilizce Sözlük, On İkinci Basım, Redhouse Yayınevi, 1991, ISBN 975-413-022-1, p. 729, Ma'mûretü'l-Azîz, Ma'muretül Aziz or Mamûretü'l-Azîz (Ottoman: ولايت معمورة العزيز Vilâyet-i Ma'muretül'azizor معمورة العزيز ولايتى Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi (The Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz), 1894, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi "Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz"), Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyet matbaası, [Elazığ], 1312 . in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Libray.
- Geographical Dictionary of the World. Concept Publishing Company. p. 1104. ISBN 978-81-7268-012-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- "1914 Census Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Mesrob K. Krikorian (1977-01-01). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- Mesrob K. Krikorian (1977-01-01). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- Rev. Dr.Herman Norton Barnum. The Missionary Herald vol. 88. p. 144-147.
- Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
- "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916" by JAMES VISCOUNT BRYCE, London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916
- Mamûretu’l Aziz (Elazığ) Vilâyeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
- Media related to Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz at Wikimedia Commons