Mamurogawa Station opened on October 21, 1904 as Aramachi Station (新町駅?,Aramachi eki) on the Japanese Government Railways (JGR). It was renamed to its present name on September 20, 1916. The JGR became the Japan National Railways (JNR) after World War II. The station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987. A new station building was completed in December 2003.