Man a Machine
Man a Machine (French: L'homme Machine) is a work of materialist philosophy by the 18th-century French physician and philosopher Julien Offray de La Mettrie, first published in 1747. In this work, de La Mettrie extends Descartes' argument that animals are mere automatons, or machines, to human beings. He denies dualism and existence of the soul as a substance separate from matter.
"Yet the doctrine that man is a machine was argued most forcefully in 1751, long before the theory of evolution became generally accepted, by de La Mettrie; and the theory of evolution gave the problem an even sharper edge, by suggesting there may be no clear distinction between living matter and dead matter. And, in spite of the victory of the new quantum theory, and the conversion of so many physicists to indeterminism, de La Mettrie's doctrine that man is a machine has perhaps more defenders than before among physicists, biologists and philosophers; especially in the form of the thesis that man is a computer."
La Mettrie cites how the body and soul are one in sleep, how humans must nourish their bodies, and the intense effects of drugs on both the body and the soul, or mind, noting that "diverse states of the soul are always correlated with those of the body."
- translated, Julien Offray de La Mettrie; Thomson, edited by Ann (2003). Machine man and other writings (Hardback version transferred to digital print. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521478496.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Popper, K.: Of Clouds and Clocks, included in Objective Knowledge, revised, 1978, p. 224.
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- Man a Machine - 1748 English translation of L'homme machine
- 1912 Open Court French-English edition (English translation by Gertrude C. Bussey, rev. by Mary Whiton Calkins) Full text of same archived by Project Gutenberg.
- 'Review by the stand up philosophers'