Manado

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Manado
City
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese 万鸦老
Ban Hin Kiong.jpg Kalasey Beach Manado.JPG
Bunaken01.JPG Manado airport1.JPG
Clockwise, from top left : Boulevard view, Kalasey Beach, Sam Ratulangi International Airport, Bunaken National Park, Kwan Seng Ta Tie Temple
Official seal of Manado
Seal
Motto: Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou
("Men live to help others live")
(Minahasan)
Manado is located in Sulawesi
Manado
Manado
Location of Manado in Sulawesi
Coordinates: 1°29′35″N 124°50′29″E / 1.49306°N 124.84139°E / 1.49306; 124.84139
Country Indonesia
Province North Sulawesi
Founded 1623
Government
 • Mayor G. S. Vicky Lumentut
 • Vice Mayor Mor. D. Bastian
Area[1]
 • Total 166.87 km2 (64.43 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 430,790
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC+8)
Website kotamanado.go.id

Coordinates: 1°29′35″N 124°50′28.54″E / 1.49306°N 124.8412611°E / 1.49306; 124.8412611

Manado (pronounced [maˈnado] in Manado Malay, [məˈnado] in Indonesian, Chinese: 万鸦老; pinyin: Wàn yā lǎo)) is the capital city of the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia. Manado is located at the Bay of Manado,[2] and is surrounded by a mountainous area. The city had 408,354 inhabitants at the 2010 Census,[3] making it the second-largest city in Sulawesi after Makassar. The latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 430,790.

Etymology[edit]

The name Manado comes from manadou or wanazou meaning "on the far coast" or "in the distance," which derived from Minahasan Language, and originally referred to the further of two islands which can be seen from the mainland. When the settlement on this island was relocated to the mainland, the name Manado was brought with it, after which the island itself became referred to as Manado Tua ("Old Manado").[4] The name for Manado in Sangir language is Manaro.

History[edit]

The first mention of Manado comes from a world map by cartographer Nicolas Desliens, where it showed the island Manarow (today's Manado Tua). Before Europeans arrived to North Sulawesi the area was under the rule of the Sultan of Ternate, who exacted tribute and introduced the Muslim religion among some of its inhabitants. The Portuguese made the Sultan their vassal, taking possession of the Minahasa and established a factory in Wenang.

Meanwhile, the Spanish had already set themselves up in the Philippines and Minahasa was used to plant coffee that came from South America because of its rich soil. Manado was further developed by Spain to become the center of commerce for the Chinese traders who traded the coffee in China. With the help of native allies the Spanish took over the Portuguese fortress in Amurang in the 1550s, and Spanish settlers also established a fort at Manado, so that eventually Spain controlled all of the Minahasa. It was in Manado where one of the first Indo-Eurasian (Mestizo) communities in the archipelago developed during the 16th century.[5] The first King of Manado (1630) named Muntu Untu was in fact the son of a Spanish Mestizo.[6]

Spain renounced to her possessions in Minahasa by means of a treaty with the Portuguese in return for a payment of 350,000 ducats.[7] Minahasan natives made an alliance treaty with the Dutch and expelled the last of the Portuguese from Manado a few years later.

Fort Nieuw Amsterdam in the 1920s

The Dutch East India Company or Verenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC) built a fortress in Manado named Fort Amsterdam in 1658. As with regions in eastern Indonesia, Manado has undergone Christianization by Dutch missionaries, including Riedel and John Gottlieb Schwarz. The Dutch missionaries built the first Christian church in Manado called Oude Kerk (Old church) which still stands and is now called Gereja Sentrum. The Javanese prince Diponegoro was exiled to Manado by the Dutch government in 1830 for leading a war of rebellion against the Dutch. The English biologist Alfred Wallace visited Manado in 1859, and praised the town for its beauty.

In 1919, the Apostolic Prefecture of Celebes was established in the city. In 1961, it was promoted as the Diocese of Manado.

The Japanese captured Manado in the Battle of Manado in January 1942.[8] The city was heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II.

In 1958, the headquarters of the rebel movement Permesta was moved to Manado. When Permesta confronted the central government with demands for political, economic and regional reform, Jakarta responded by bombing the city in February 1958, and then invading in June 1958.

Administration[edit]

"Datulong" former-major van Sonder of Manado, early 20th century

The city is divided into 11 districts (kecamatan). The table below lists population totals from the 2010 Census. It does not include the districts of Bunaken Kepulauan and Paal 2, which were established in 2012.

Name Population
Census 2010[9]
Malalayang 54,959
Sario 23,198
Wanea 56,962
Wenang 32,796
Tikala 69,734
Mapanget 53,194
Singkil, Sulawesi 46,721
Tuminting 52,089
Bunaken 20,828

Transportation[edit]

Sam Ratulangi International Airport of Manado is one of the main entry ports to Indonesia. In 2005, no fewer than 15,000 international passengers entered Indonesia via the city's airport. Other public transportation in Manado are:

  1. Trans Kawanua (BUS)
  2. Damri Busses serving Airport to Downtown Manado
  3. Bus serving Tomohon to Manado

Terminal Malalayang or Malalayang Bus Terminal serves as the main gateway for long-distance buses in Manado.

Main sights[edit]

Manado is home to some of the biggest and most influential churches in the province, with many of them located along the iconic Sam Ratulangi Street.[10]

Ban Hin Kiong Temple is another popular tourism spot in the city, especially during the Chinese new year celebration.

Other places of interest include nearby Lake Tondano, Lake Linow,[11] Lokon Volcano, Klabat Volcano and Mahawu Volcano, Bukit Kasih ( Hill of Love ) and Watu Pinabetengan

Citraland, a wealthy suburb of Manado, is home to Asia's 2nd tallest and the world's 4th tallest statue of Christ (Christ Blessing Statue), and perhaps the world's first statue in the flying posture.

[12]

Tourism[edit]

Scuba diving and snorkeling are practiced in the nearby Bunaken National Park, including the island of Bunaken.[13][14][15]

Local food tinutuan, or bubur manado, is sold in Wakeke Street, declared by the local government to be an area of culinary tourism.[16]

Manado Boulevard Carnaval (MBC) is a Fashion Carnival at every 16 July inline with Manado City Birthday.[17]

Climate[edit]

Manado experiences tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to Köppen Climate Classification as there's no real dry season. The wettest season is January with annual precipitation 465 millimetres (18.3 in), while the driest season is September with annual precipitation 86 millimetres (3.4 in). The abundance of precipitation total seems to be influenced by the monsoon. As its location near the equator, the temperature seems constant throughout the year. The hottest month is October with average temperature 26.4 °C (79.5 °F), while the coolest month is February with average temperature 25.2 °C (77.4 °F).[18] Unlike the other city in Indonesia, the temperature seems to be cooler.

Manado mean sea temperature[18]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 29 °C (84 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F)

Sister cities[edit]

Language[edit]

The local language spoken in Manado and the surrounding area is a creole of the Malay language called Manado Malay.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b North Sulawesi in Figures 2013. Badan Pusat Statistik Sulawesi Utara, 2013, p. 52.
  2. ^ In the shadows of volcanoes: Manado Bay and its harbour
  3. ^ http://www.datastatistik-indonesia.com/component/option,com_tabel/task,/Itemid,165/
  4. ^ Willem H. Makaliwe, 1981, A preliminary note on genealogy and intermarriage in the Minahasa regency, North Sulawesi Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 137, p. 245
  5. ^ Wahr, C.R. Minahasa (history) Website
  6. ^ Wahr, C. R. Minahasa (history) Website
  7. ^ Milburn, William (1813). Oriental commerce: containing a geographical description of the principal places in the East Indies, China, and Japan, with their produce, manufactures, and trade. New York: Black, Parry & Co. p. 406. 
  8. ^ L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The Fall of Menado, January 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942. 
  9. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  10. ^ Great Churches of Manado
  11. ^ The lakes of Sulut: Danau Tondano and Linow
  12. ^ Christ Blessing and the Waruga
  13. ^ Off to Bunaken
  14. ^ Livin’ la vida Bunaken’s way
  15. ^ Bunaken’s blue, blue seas
  16. ^ "Makan Pagi Tinutuan di Wakeke" (in Indonesian). www.kompas.com. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  17. ^ http://www.mediaindonesia.com/mediatravelista/index.php/read/2011/07/18/2900/1/Manado-Boulevard-Carnaval-Digelar-Rutin
  18. ^ a b c "Klimatafel von Manado / Nord-Celebes (Sulawesi) / Indonesien" (PDF). Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  19. ^ "STATIONSNUMMER 97014" (PDF). Danish Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • Manado travel guide from Wikivoyage