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Managerial finance is the branch of finance that concerns itself with the managerial application of finance techniques and theory, emphasizing the financial aspects of managerial decisions. The techniques addressed are drawn in the main from managerial accounting and corporate finance; the former allow management to better understand, and hence act on, financial information relating to profitability and performance; the latter are about optimizing the overall financial-structure.
The discipline is somewhat academic in nature, and "is concerned more with the assessment of financial techniques versus the financial techniques themselves";  its emphasis though, is managerial as opposed to technical. Putting the techniques into practice – i.e. performing financial management – entails strategic planning, organizing, directing, and controlling of the organization's financial undertakings; see Financial analyst § Corporate and other and Financial management § Role. Correspondingly, the discipline will assess the various techniques from the perspectives of Planning, Directing, and Controlling.
Managerial accounting techniques
Management accounting techniques are applied in the preparation and presentation of financial and other decision oriented information "in such a way as to assist management in the formulation of policies and in the planning and control of the operation undertaking". The analytics here are thus concerned with forward-looking decisions, as opposed to the historical and compliance perspective of financial accounting.
Undertaking these tasks, financial managers use various management accounting and financial analysis techniques to accurately assess the results and performance of the business lines and units, and to monitor resource allocation within the organization; this includes profitability analysis and cost analytics – employing techniques such as activity based costing, whole-life cost analysis, cost–volume–profit analysis, and variance analysis – as well budget analytics more generally, where conditional budgeting may be explored in some settings. (See also cash flow forecast and financial forecast.)
Corporate finance techniques
Managerial finance is, as above, also focused on the overall financial-structure of the business, including its realized impact on cash flow and profitability. It is thus interested in long-term revenue / business optimization, while also minimizing the potential impact of any financial shocks on short term performance. To accomplish these goals, managerial finance addresses techniques borrowed from Corporate finance, usually organized re the following:
- Working capital management - addressing short term current assets and current liabilities and optimizing cash flow
- Capital budgeting, i.e. selection / valuation and funding of "projects" – addressing long term investments
- Capital structure and dividend policy – addressing long-term financial capital and attempting to optimize the balance sheet
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