Manara, Israel

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Menara
מְנָרָה
ManaraCableCar.jpg
Menara is located in Northeast Israel
Menara
Menara
Coordinates: 33°11′45″N 35°32′40″E / 33.19583°N 35.54444°E / 33.19583; 35.54444Coordinates: 33°11′45″N 35°32′40″E / 33.19583°N 35.54444°E / 33.19583; 35.54444
CountryIsrael
DistrictNorthern
CouncilUpper Galilee
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1943
Founded byGerman and Polish Jews and
HaNoar HaOved members
Population
 (2019)[1]
248
Websitewww.manara.co.il

Menara (Hebrew: מְנָרָה) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the Ramim Ridge [he] of the Naftali Mountains [he], Upper Galilee, adjacent to the Lebanese border and overlooking the Hula Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 248.[1]

History[edit]

The village was formerly inhabited by Arabs, when it was known as al-Manara. 2538 dunams of land were purchased by the Jewish National Fund from the absentee landlord, Asa'ad Bey Khuri of Beirut at an unknown date.[2]

The kibbutz was established in 1943 by members of the HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed youth group, and other young immigrants from Germany and Poland. At one point the kibbutz was renamed Ramim (Hebrew: רמים, lit. Tall ones) in an attempt to replace its Arabic name (Manara derives from Minaret) with a Hebrew one. However, the new name failed to take hold amongst local residents. The kibbutz then came to a settlement with the government whereby the name Menara, with an accent on the last syllable (a Hebraicized form of Manara, accented on the second syllable) would be made official.[citation needed]

In June, 1948, the kibbutz requested land from the newly depopulated Palestinian village of Qadas, as it was "suitable for winter crops."[3]

Leon Uris visited the kibbutz while researching his novel, Exodus.[citation needed] Former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's sister Rachel Ya'akov was a founding member.[4]

As Manara lies less than 100 metres from the Lebanese border, problems have arisen during fighting between the two countries. The Menara bypass project was completed in 2005 to provide safe access to the kibbutz.

Manara is boasted to be 888 metres above sea level and is a rare style for a kibbutz, with apartments providing the accommodation, due to the limited space.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Manara's main industries are agriculture (primarily cotton fields, apples and chickens), tourism to the scenic cliffs via its cable cars descending from the Upper Manara Cliff down to Kiryat Shmona in the valley below,[5] and a technical glass manufacturing plant.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Avneri, 1984, p. 203
  3. ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. 363, note #130, p. 402. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
  4. ^ Veteran kibbutz goes private Israel HaYom, 12 August 2011
  5. ^ "Manara Cliff", at the Amirim website

External links[edit]