Manasquan, New Jersey
|Incorporated||December 30, 1887|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Edward G. Donovan (D, term ends December 31, 2023)|
|• Administrator||Thomas Flarity|
|• Municipal clerk||Barbara Ilaria|
|• Total||2.52 sq mi (6.54 km2)|
|• Land||1.38 sq mi (3.57 km2)|
|• Water||1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2) 45.26%|
|• Rank||373rd of 565 in state|
24th of 53 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
|• Rank||349th of 565 in state|
29th of 53 in county
|• Density||4,302.9/sq mi (1,661.4/km2)|
|• Rank||143rd of 565 in state|
14th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885289|
Manasquan (//, man-ə-SKWAHN) is a borough in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey, on the Jersey Shore. As of the 2020 United States census, the borough's population was 5,938, an increase of 41 (+0.7%) from the 2010 census count of 5,897, which in turn reflected a decline of 413 (−6.5%) from the 6,310 counted in the 2000 census.
The borough's name is of Lenape Native American origin, deriving from "Mënàskunk" meaning "Place to Gather Grass or Reeds". The borough's name has also been described as deriving from "Man-A-Squaw-Han" meaning "stream of the island of squaws", "an island with enclosure for squans", "island door" or "point" / "top". Manasquan, Maniquan, Mannisquan, Manasquam, Squan, and Squan Village are variations on the original pronunciation and spelling.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.53 square miles (6.54 km2), including 1.38 square miles (3.57 km2) of land and 1.15 square miles (2.97 km2) of water (45.26%).
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Manasquan has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature above 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature at or above 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature at or above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Manasquan, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values at or above 95.0 °F (35.0 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values below 0.0 °F (−17.8 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Manasquan Beach is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.5 °F (−15.8 °C). The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
|Climate data for Manasquan Beach, NJ (1981–2010 Averages)|
|Average high °F (°C)||39.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||32.4
|Average low °F (°C)||24.9
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.66
|Average relative humidity (%)||64.9||62.0||60.8||62.1||65.7||70.3||69.2||71.2||71.1||69.6||67.8||65.8||66.7|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||21.9
|Climate data for Sandy Hook, NJ Ocean Water Temperature (25 N Manasquan)|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||37
|Population sources: 1890–1920|
1890 1890–1910 1910–1930
The 2010 United States census counted 5,897 people, 2,374 households, and 1,550 families in the borough. The population density was 4,263.0 per square mile (1,646.0/km2). There were 3,500 housing units at an average density of 2,530.2 per square mile (976.9/km2). The racial makeup was 96.07% (5,665) White, 0.31% (18) Black or African American, 0.02% (1) Native American, 0.61% (36) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.93% (114) from other races, and 1.05% (62) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.02% (414) of the population.
Of the 2,374 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18; 52.5% were married couples living together; 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.7% were non-families. Of all households, 28.9% were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.10.
23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 95.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $87,525 (with a margin of error of +/− $21,227) and the median family income was $107,130 (+/− $13,653). Males had a median income of $98,408 (+/− $6,173) versus $56,250 (+/− $8,110) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $51,068 (+/− $8,350). About 3.1% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States census there were 6,310 people, 2,600 households, and 1,635 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,579.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,768.2/km2). There were 3,531 housing units at an average density of 2,562.7 per square mile (989.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.89% White, 0.41% Black, 0.11% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.48% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.48% of the population.
There were 2,600 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $63,079, and the median income for a family was $73,670. Males had a median income of $52,368 versus $33,333 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,898. About 2.2% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
Manasquan is governed under the borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 564) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of a mayor and a borough council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The borough council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The borough form of government used by Manasquan is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2023[update], the mayor of the Borough of Manasquan is Democrat Edward G. Donovan, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the Borough Council are Bruce D. Bresnahan (R, 2025), Brian Holly (R, 2024), Jeffrey K. Lee (D, 2023), Michael W. Mangan (D, 2023), Gregg Olivera (R, 2025) and Lori Triggiano (R, 2024) 
At the January 2017 reorganization meeting, Joseph Bossone was chosen on an interim basis to fill the three-year seat expiring in December 2019 that Owen McCarthy had been elected to in November 2016 until he resigned from office after being confirmed by the state senate to take a position as a Monmouth County judge; Bossone served on an interim basis until the November 2017 general election, when he was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.
In January 2016, the borough council appointed Richard Read to fill the council seat expiring in December 2016 that became vacant when Edward Donovan was sworn in as mayor.
Federal, state, and county representation
For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 4th congressional district is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 10th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James W. Holzapfel (R, Toms River) and in the General Assembly by John Catalano (R, Brick Township) and Gregory P. McGuckin (R, Toms River).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as director and another as deputy director. As of 2023[update], Monmouth County's Commissioners are: Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, 2025), Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, 2024), Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2023), Deputy Director Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2025), and Ross F. Licitra (R, Marlboro Township, 2023).
Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are: Clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2025; Ocean Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2025; Howell Township) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2026; Middletown Township).
As of March 2011, there were a total of 4,277 registered voters in Manasquan, of which 956 (22.4%) were registered as Democrats, 1,271 (29.7%) were registered as Republicans and 2,047 (47.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were three voters registered as Libertarians or Greens.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 59.7% of the vote (1,826 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 39.3% (1,201 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (32 votes), among the 3,080 ballots cast by the borough's 4,350 registered voters (21 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 70.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.8% of the vote (1,943 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.1% (1,406 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (33 votes), among the 3,420 ballots cast by the borough's 4,384 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.0%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 62.2% of the vote (2,136 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 36.0% (1,237 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (46 votes), among the 3,434 ballots cast by the borough's 4,452 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.1.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 76.2% of the vote (1,872 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 22.3% (549 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (36 votes), among the 2,504 ballots cast by the borough's 4,378 registered voters (47 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 57.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.6% of the vote (1,695 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 26.1% (674 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.8% (175 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (23 votes), among the 2,584 ballots cast by the borough's 4,269 registered voters, yielding a 60.5% turnout.
Due to its location bordering the Atlantic Ocean, the population of Manasquan increases dramatically in the summer months as tourists flock to the beach.
The Manasquan Inlet provides surfers with waves that are corralled, refracted and enlarged by the jetty protruding out into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet, reopened in 1931, is the northern terminus of the inland portion of the Intracoastal Waterway.
Manasquan has a downtown area with many small businesses. Algonquin Arts Theatre has shows and movies that play throughout the year. It is a historic 540-seat theatre, built in 1938 as a movie house but converted to a professional live performance space in May 1994.
The demolition of traditional beach bungalows and their replacement with much larger single-family dwellings has helped turn Manasquan into a year-round community. The decrease in tourism and rise in residency can be attributed to the decline of once popular tourist destinations. Manasquan no longer has a 24-hour diner or a miniature golf course, and has lost many of the bars once located in its borders. During the summer months, the local bar and party scene overwhelm the area between Brielle Road and Main Street from the bridges to the ocean.
The Firemans' Fair occurs every July/August. The fair is the largest source of funds for Manasquan Volunteer Engine Company #2 and dates back to 1974. Though it was on a decade-long hiatus until the late 1990s, the five day-long festivities in 2011 were expected to draw 30,000 attendees.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 27.22 miles (43.81 km) of roadways, of which 24.56 miles (39.53 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.56 miles (2.51 km) by Monmouth County and 1.10 miles (1.77 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 71 is the most significant highway running directly through the borough. The Garden State Parkway is the nearest major highway. The Monmouth County Route 524 Spur is also an important thoroughfare in Manasquan.
NJ Transit offers rail service at the Manasquan station. Commuter service is available on the North Jersey Coast Line south to Point Pleasant Beach and Bay Head or north to points such as Belmar, Long Branch, Newark, Hoboken Terminal and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan.
The Manasquan Public Schools serves students from kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 1,548 students and 138.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Manasquan Elementary School with 545 students in grades K–8 and Manasquan High School with 969 students in grades 9–12. In addition to students from Manasquan, the district's high school also serves public school students from Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Brielle, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, and Spring Lake Heights, who attend Manasquan High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with their respective districts. The two Manasquan public school buildings are across from each other on Broad Street, with board of education offices next door to the high school.
The Roman Catholic-affiliated St. Denis School served youth from pre-school through 8th grade under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. In 2014, the diocese announced that the school was closing at the end of the 2014–2015 school year, as fewer students were attending, with enrollment having fallen from a peak of nearly 400 in the 1970s to 107 in 2014.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Manasquan include:
- Lewis Benson (1906–1986), expert on the writings of George Fox
- Doris Burke (born 1965), ESPN basketball analyst
- Frank J. Dodd (1938–2010), businessman and politician who served as President of the New Jersey Senate from 1974 to 1975
- Glenn Hedden (born 1950), former head football coach and athletic director at Kean University
- Alexis Krauss (born 1985), singer, songwriter, and front-woman of the noise pop duo Sleigh Bells
- Jack Nicholson (born 1937), actor, director and writer
- Shayne Pospisil (born 1985), snowboarder
- Christie Rampone (born 1975), captain of the United States women's national soccer team
- Alex Skuby (born 1972), actor best known for appearing on King of Queens
- Joseph Steinberg (1883–1932), lawyer and politician who served in the New York State Assembly
- Hal Thompson (1922–2006), football player who played for two seasons in the NFL for the Brooklyn Dodgers
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- Staff. "Local couple matching donations to Algonquin", The Coast Star, March 20, 2008. Accessed November 21, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Algonquin Arts was originally founded as a movie theatre that opened in Manasquan in 1938."
- Johnson, Courtney. "Historic theater continues to be hub of activity", Asbury Park Press, April 13, 2006. Accessed November 21, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Since the curtain first rose on Algonquin Arts programs in May 1994, more than 639,000 patrons have attended shows at the 540-seat theater, Roberts said.... The Algonquin movie theater in Manasquan opened on Friday, June 3, 1938, during the Golden Age of Hollywood."
- Garbarine, Rachelle. "In the Region/New Jersey; Beach Towns Evolve by Adding Year-Round Homes", The New York Times, June 10, 2001. Accessed September 17, 2013. "Manasquan, founded in 1887, originally was a summer community with rows of little bungalows and a boardwalk. But the borough, like many others along the shore, is evolving into a year-round community.... Meanwhile, the borough's supply of bungalows is dwindling as developers tear them down and put up large waterside houses."
- Dunphy, Tom. " Manasquan Fireman's Fair is BackAnnual fair coming to Mallard Park this week ", Manasquan-Belmar Patch, July 26, 2011. Accessed December 5, 2012. "More than 30,000 are expected to visit the borough's Mallard Park over the five-day period to enjoy rides, games and family fun. The Manasquan Fireman's Fair, which began in 1974, is the year's largest fundraiser for Manasquan Volunteer Engine Company #2."
- "About: Manasquan Fair".
- Home page, Cat Fanciers' Association. Accessed November 22, 2008.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Manasquan station, NJ Transit. Accessed April 30, 2023.
- Transportation Map - Rail Service, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 30, 2023.
- North Jersey Coast Line schedule, NJ Transit, updated April 23, 2023. Accessed April 30, 2023.
- Bus Routes, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 30, 2023.
- Manasquan Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 17, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Kindergarten through twelve in the Manasquan School District. Composition: The Manasquan School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Manasquan Borough."
- District information for Manasquan School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- School Data for the Manasquan Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- Manasquan Elementary School, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 17, 2020.
- Manasquan High School, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 17, 2020.
- School Directions, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 17, 2020.
- County School List L-M, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 17, 2020.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Manasquan Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Sending Districts, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed January 13, 2015. "The district educates over 1700 students. Close to seven-hundred students attend our K-8 elementary school. Manasquan High School receives students from eight different districts; Avon, Bradley Beach, Brielle, Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, and Spring Lake Heights."
- Manasquan Public Schools 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 29, 2016. "Manasquan High School receives students from seven sending districts; Avon, Belmar, Lake Como, Spring Lake, Spring Lake Heights, Sea Girt, Brielle, as well as our Manasquan Elementary School students."
- Sending Districts, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed May 29, 2016. "Manasquan High School receives students from seven different districts; Avon, Brielle, Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake, and Spring Lake Heights. Including our Manasquan students, the high school population is just under one thousand students."
- Maps and Directions, Manasquan Public Schools. Accessed January 13, 2015.
- Terry, Nicquel. "Shore Catholic schools set to close in 2015", Asbury Park Press. December 2, 2014. Accessed August 30, 2015. "Two Shore area Catholic schools will close in 2015, citing declining enrollment in recent years as more families opt to send their children to public schools. Officials from both St. Denis School in Manasquan and Holy Family School in Lakewood confirmed Tuesday that the schools would shut down at the end of this school year." (Archive)
- Lewis Benson Papers, Tri-College Libraries. Accessed May 17, 2020. "Lewis Benson (August 15, 1906 - August 23, 1986) was born to Clara (Clarette) and John Benson. He was born into and raised in Manasquan Friends Meeting, New York Yearly Meeting."
- Ryan, Bob. "She knows whereof she speaks", The Boston Globe, March 1, 2012. Accessed August 10, 2012. "Little Doris Sable grew up in Manasquan, N.J., dreaming of playing in the NBA. How much of her male audience can't relate to that?"
- O'Connor, Julie. "Former N.J. Senate president Frank 'Pat' Dodd dies at 72", The Star-Ledger, May 15, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2015. "Frank J. 'Pat' Dodd, a force in New Jersey politics decades ago and mentor to future Essex County political heavyweights, was remembered today as a tireless, blunt-spoken lawmaker and a dashing longtime bachelor.... The Manasquan resident was 72 years old."
- D'Alessandro, Dave. "D'Alessandro: As NCAA investigates Kean, former AD Glenn Hedden stands tall", The Star-Ledger, July 5, 2011. Accessed August 10, 2012. "Former Kean athletic director Glenn Hedden poses at his home in Manasquan."
- Biese, Alex. "Bears Ears: Sleigh Bells singer Alexis Krauss defends National Monument", Asbury Park Press, February 9, 2018. Accessed May 17, 2020. "Alexis Krauss is making music for Bears Ears. Krauss, a Manasquan native, is best known as the ferocious lead singer of the riotous, Brooklyn-based pop-rock duo Sleigh Bells."
- "Jack Nicholson born - Apr 22, 1937 - HISTORY.com". HISTORY.com. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- Jaccarino, Mike. "Snowboarding comes to East River Park for Winter Jam NYC", New York Daily News, February 6, 2009. Accessed August 10, 2012. "Sixteen professional snowboarders competed last night - flying down the nine-story ramp in lower Manhattan in pursuit of a $50,000 first prize. Shayne Pospisil of Manasquan, N.J., took the top prize."
- U.S. Soccer. "U.S. WNT Back Home: The Jersey Shore", United States Soccer Federation, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 24, 2012. "The series begins with a trip to Christie Rampone's home in Manasquan, N.J. ..."
- Voger, Mark. "No Laughing Matter; Sitcom actor is ready to rock Stone Pony", Asbury Park Press, May 18, 2007. Accessed January 19, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "Skuby, who was born in Neptune and raised in Manasquan, has switched gears since his King of Queens days."
- New York Red Book, 1922, p. 132. Accessed November 21, 2023. "Joseph Steinberg, Republican, from the Fifteenth Assembly District, New York county, was born April 22, 1883, at Manasquan, N. J. He received his education in the public schools and graduated from the Manasquan high school."
- Hal Thompson, NFL.com. Accessed January 13, 2015.
- Borough of Manasquan official website
- Manasquan Public Schools
- School Performance Reports for the Manasquan Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Manasquan Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Manasquan Chamber of Commerce
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NJ-1011, "Towns of Sea Girt, Manasquan, and Brielle"
- Atlantic View Cemetery & Mausoleum – Manasquan, NJ