This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (January 2012)
|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean Morin (DVD)|
|• Total||5,951 km2 (2,298 sq mi)|
|• Density||83/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Manche (//, French pronunciation: [mɑ̃ʃ] (listen)) is a coastal French department in Normandy, on the English Channel, which is known as La Manche, literally "the sleeve", in French. It had a population of 495,045 in 2019.
The first capital was Coutances until 1796, and it resumed that role after World War II because of the almost complete destruction of Saint-Lô during the battle of Normandy following D-Day. When Saint-Lô was rebuilt, it again became the capital.
Manche borders the Normandy departments of Calvados to the east and Orne to the southeast. Mayenne, a department of the Pays de la Loire, is to the south-east, and Ille-et-Vilaine in Brittany is to the south-west. The salient of this department is the longest in France. It also being the second longest salient in Europe, after Odessa Oblast in Ukraine.
The region is lush and green with sandy beaches, remaining very rural and farming oriented. The peninsula was originally joined as a single land mass to Cornwall and Dorset in England, meaning that the underlying geological strata of both countrysides are very similar. Consequently there are substantial regional differences today in terms of flora and fauna, and farming practices have varied considerably between the UK and France. Flat marsh areas in the department are known for their bird watching. The region and around St Lo is also the horse capital of France, where the cooler climate compared to the south is ideal for breeding and training.
The climate is oceanic, with relatively mild winters - temperatures can go below zero for a few days occasionally. Temperate summers, around 20 °C, can occasionally reach 35 °C in direct sunlight. Precipitation is substantial, and varies greatly by region, between 700mm on the coast and 1300mm in the southern central area. Highly localised, not life-threatening flash flooding has been experienced over the last few years in the spring period.
The west coast benefits from the Gulf stream's influence, allowing for the naturalization of Mediterranean and exotic plants like mimosas, palms, and agaves.
There is often a sea breeze on the coast, which combined with tides contributes to quick temperature changes over a single day. Sea temperatures can be very pleasant for swimming between June and October.
Inhabitants of the department are called Manchots or Manchois.
Population development since 1801:
The president of the Departmental Council is Jean Morin, elected in July 2021.
Presidential elections 2nd round
|Election||Winning Candidate||Party||%||2nd Place Candidate||Party||%|
|2022||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||59.61||Marine Le Pen||FN||40.39|
|2017||Emmanuel Macron||LREM||67.23||Marine Le Pen||FN||32.77|
|2012||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||50.10||François Hollande||PS||49.90|
|2007||Nicolas Sarkozy||UMP||56.17||Ségolène Royal||PS||43.83|
|2002||Jacques Chirac||RPR||85.31||Jean-Marie Le Pen||FN||14.69|
Current National Assembly Representatives
- Football: main clubs: AS Cherbourg, US Avranches, FC Saint-Lô, US Granville, CS Villedieu, FC Équeurdreville-Hainneville...
- Cycling: the Tour de France has visited the department 21 times with stages ending at Cherbourg (16), Avranches (2), Granville (1), Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët (1), and the Mont-Saint-Michel (1).
- Sailing: the Solitaire du Figaro has come to Cherbourg several times.
- Tennis: hosts the Challenger La Manche tournament.
- Thai boxing: Villedieu-les-Poêles
- Badminton: Two local clubs compete in the national championship (N3): St Hilaire du Harcouet and Hainneville.
- Golf: course: Granville, Bréhal, Coutainville, Cherbourg, Centre Manche, Fontenay, Côte des Isles
- Cantons of the Manche department
- Communes of the Manche department
- Arrondissements of the Manche department
- Cotentinais, the Norman dialect of Manche.
- "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
- "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- Populations légales 2019: 50 Hérault, INSEE
- Boselli, Muriel (12 January 2022). "EDF delays Flamanville start-up to end 2023 on weld issue". Montel.
- "Historique de la Manche". Le SPLAF.
- "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
- "Résultats élections: Manche". Le Monde.
- Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.