The City of Hope
|Incorporated||February 6, 1844|
|Named for||the English industrial town|
|• Mayor||James Ed Garrison|
|• Total||2.96 sq mi (7.65 km2)|
|• Land||2.93 sq mi (7.58 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)|
|Elevation||869 ft (265 m)|
|• Density||516.57/sq mi (199.44/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0513768|
Manchester is a home rule-class city in Clay County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county and the home of a minimum- and medium-security federal prison. The city's population was 1,255 at the 2010 census.
The town was founded to be the seat of the newly formed Clay Co. in 1807 on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) parcel near the Lower Goose Creek Salt Works. The county court stipulated that the town be named Greenville in honor of the War-of-1812 general who gave the county its name. The Greenville in Muhlenberg County had already preëmpted that name, however, and it was changed to "Manchester" in December. There was a local legend in the town that this was in honor of the hometown of Gen. Garrard's second wife Lucy Lees, but a prominent local family, the Hollingsworth, were originally from Manchester, England. Rennick points out that Lucy Lees was born well after the naming of the city. He opines that it is more likely that the local businessmen simply wanted a name evocative of the English industrial success.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,255 people, 579 households, and 332 families living in the city. The population density was 836.7 people per square mile (321.8/km2). There were 655 housing units at an average density of 436.7 per square mile (167.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 6.3% African American, 0% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1% of the population.
There were 579 households, out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.5% were married couples living together, 19% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.84.
Manchester has a lending library, the Clay County Public Library.
- Bert T. Combs – Former jurist and 50th Governor of Kentucky.
- Theophilus T. Garrard – A politician and Union general in the American Civil War.
- Richie Farmer – Former University of Kentucky shooting guard and Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture.
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 186. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 1 August 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- Estep, Bill (November 30, 2013). "50 Years of Night: A drug-addled city hits bottom, strives to get clean". Lexington Herald-Leader. Lexington: The McClatchy Company.