Manchester, Tennessee

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Manchester, Tennessee
City
Manchester
Manchester
Location of Manchester in Coffee County, Tennessee.
Location of Manchester in Coffee County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°28′24″N 86°5′8″W / 35.47333°N 86.08556°W / 35.47333; -86.08556Coordinates: 35°28′24″N 86°5′8″W / 35.47333°N 86.08556°W / 35.47333; -86.08556
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyCoffee
Government
 • MayorLonnie Norman
Area
 • Total14.2 sq mi (36.7 km2)
 • Land14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation1,060 ft (323 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total10,102
 • Estimate (2016)[2]10,617
 • Density714/sq mi (275.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes37349, 37355
Area code(s)931
FIPS code47-45500[3]
GNIS feature ID1292561[4]
Websitewww.cityofmanchestertn.com

Manchester is a city in Coffee County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 10,102 at the 2010 census.[1] It is the county seat of Coffee County.[5] The city is located halfway between Nashville and Chattanooga on Interstate 24.

Manchester is part of the Tullahoma, Tennessee Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Since 2002, Manchester has been the host city for the annual Bonnaroo Music Festival. The city's population swells to nearly 100,000 people for the four-day event, for which people travel across the country to camp and enjoy continuous and diverse music.

History[edit]

A post office called Manchester has been in operation since 1817.[6] The city was named after Manchester, in England.[7] According to historians, "A small village, “Mitchellsville” was already in existence near the proposed site for the new county seat, but when the new county was formed, it was renamed “Manchester” after the industrial city of Manchester, England. Because of the abundance of water power, provided by the “Little Duck” & “Big Duck” Rivers, which flow through Manchester, it was hoped that it also would become a great industrial city."[8]

Geography[edit]

Manchester is located slightly south of the center of Coffee County at 35°28′24″N 86°5′8″W / 35.47333°N 86.08556°W / 35.47333; -86.08556 (35.473337, -86.085512).[9] Interstate 24 passes through the northeast side of the city, with access from Exits 110, 111, and 114. Exit "112" is available directly from the shoulder of I-24 which meets the western edge of the Bonnaroo Music Festival site. From Exit 111 it is 68 miles (109 km) southeast to Chattanooga and 65 miles (105 km) northwest to Nashville. U.S. Route 41 passes through the center of town as Hillsboro Boulevard; US 41 runs parallel to I-24 and leads 8 miles (13 km) southeast to Hillsboro and northwest 5 miles (8 km) to I-24 Exit 105. Tennessee State Route 55 passes through the east side of Manchester as McArthur Street; it leads northeast 25 miles (40 km) to McMinnville and southwest 12 miles (19 km) to Tullahoma.

The Little Duck River passes through the city, joining the Duck River just west of the city limits. The Duck River, a tributary of the Tennessee River, passes through the northwest corner of the city. Both rivers drop over waterfalls above their confluence, within Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.2 square miles (36.7 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (36.6 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.24%, is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860316
187050058.2%
1880438−12.4%
189062141.8%
1910963
19201,11415.7%
19301,22710.1%
19401,71539.8%
19502,34136.5%
19603,93067.9%
19706,20858.0%
19807,25016.8%
19907,7096.3%
20008,2947.6%
201010,10221.8%
Est. 201610,617[2]5.1%
[10][11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 8,294 people, 3,326 households, and 2,148 families residing in the city. The population density was 752.0 people per square mile (290.3/km²). There were 3,633 housing units at an average density of 329.4 per square mile (127.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.66% White, 3.91% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 1.00% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.28% of the population.

Manchester City Hall

There were 3,326 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age of the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,983, and the median income for a family was $38,404. Males had a median income of $31,708 versus $21,380 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,168. About 13.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

  • Old Stone Fort, part of Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park, adjacent to the western city limits
  • Great Stage Park is a 650-acre (2.6 km2) outdoor event space. Since 2002 it has been home to the Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival, the largest outdoor festival in North America.[12]
  • Arrowheads/Aerospace Cultural Center, a museum that exhibits many kinds of artifacts relating to the area.[13]
  • Manchester - Coffee County Conference Center , a full service event facility including catering and both indoor/outdoor event spaces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Manchester city, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "Postmaster Finder". USPS. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  7. ^ Hull, Howard (1 January 1996). Tennessee Post Office Murals. The Overmountain Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-57072-030-7.
  8. ^ "Coffee County,TNGenWeb". Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ U.S. Decennial Census
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRES): Incorporated Places in Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  12. ^ "Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival". Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival. Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  13. ^ "City of Manchester Website". Retrieved 20 June 2018.

External links[edit]