Hillsborough County, New Hampshire

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Hillsborough County
Manchester skyline
Manchester skyline
Official seal of Hillsborough County
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Hillsborough County
Location within the U.S. state of New Hampshire
Map of the United States highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°53′44″N 71°34′58″W / 42.895584°N 71.582741°W / 42.895584; -71.582741
Country United States
State New Hampshire
Founded1769
Named forThe Earl of Hillsborough
SeatManchester and Nashua
Largest cityManchester (by population)
Weare (by area)
Area
 • Total892.5 sq mi (2,312 km2)
 • Land876.5 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Water15.9 sq mi (41 km2)  1.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total422,937
 • Density470/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd
Websitehcnh.org

Hillsborough County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2020 census, the population was 422,937.[1] Its county seats are Manchester and Nashua. Hillsborough is northern New England's most populous county as well as its most densely populated.

Hillsborough County comprises the Manchester-Nashua, NH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn constitutes a portion of the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area.

Hillsborough County's geography is diverse, with sparsely populated rural areas in the west to suburban and urban environments in the east.

History[edit]

Hillsborough was one of the five original counties identified for New Hampshire in 1769, and was named for Wills Hill, the Earl of Hillsborough who was British Secretary of State for the Colonies at the time. The county was formally organized at Amherst on March 19, 1771.

In 1823, twelve townships of Hillsborough Country – Andover, Boscawen, Bradford, Dunbarton, Fishersfield (now Newbury), Henniker, Hooksett, Hopkinton, New London, Salisbury, Sutton, and Warner – became part of Merrimack County. The town of Merrimack along the Merrimack River in south-central Hillsborough County was not included in the newly-formed county 9 miles (14 km) to the north. Hillsborough County's administrative functions were moved from Amherst to Milford in 1866, and then to the current seats of Manchester and Nashua in 1869.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 892 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 876 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.8%) is water.[2] The highest point in Hillsborough county is Pack Monadnock Mountain at 2,290 feet (700 m).

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Politics and government[edit]

2020 presidential election by voting ward in Hillsborough County

In the 2012 presidential election, Time had listed Hillsborough as one of five critical counties affecting the outcome in the swing state of New Hampshire. Obama ended up winning with a margin of 50%–49%.[3] Despite its more urban nature, Hillsborough County has historically been a more Republican leaning part of the state, although there is evidence to suggest that is changing. In 2020, Joe Biden and Jeanne Shaheen won Hillsborough County by a wider margin than they won statewide by.[4] Biden also received the highest percentage of the vote for a Democrat since Lyndon Johnson's 1964 landslide, largely driven due to large swings to Democrats in the county's historically Republican suburban communities.[1]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[5]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 45.1% 104,625 52.8% 122,344 2.0% 4,690
2016 46.7% 100,013 46.5% 99,589 6.8% 14,555
2012 48.6% 99,991 49.7% 102,303 1.6% 3,373
2008 47.5% 97,178 51.2% 104,820 1.3% 2,711
2004 51.0% 99,724 48.2% 94,121 0.8% 1,582
2000 48.7% 80,649 46.8% 77,625 4.5% 7,487
1996 40.5% 59,441 48.6% 71,282 10.9% 15,912
1992 39.0% 61,620 37.0% 58,470 23.9% 37,750
1988 65.0% 88,261 33.7% 45,799 1.3% 1,718
1984 70.7% 81,462 28.9% 33,314 0.4% 475
1980 59.8% 68,994 27.6% 31,789 12.6% 14,521
1976 53.1% 53,581 45.2% 45,544 1.7% 1,755
1972 64.4% 65,274 34.3% 34,739 1.4% 1,364
1968 46.0% 42,409 49.3% 45,423 4.7% 4,337
1964 32.9% 29,503 67.1% 60,236
1960 42.4% 38,430 57.6% 52,135
1956 55.5% 45,248 44.4% 36,234 0.1% 46
1952 49.7% 41,263 50.3% 41,802
1948 39.9% 28,257 59.1% 41,789 1.0% 696
1944 38.0% 25,921 62.0% 42,306 0.0% 9
1940 38.1% 26,201 61.9% 42,580
1936 38.1% 23,293 57.2% 34,992 4.7% 2,895
1932 41.5% 23,308 57.8% 32,458 0.7% 395
1928 45.2% 24,465 54.5% 29,457 0.3% 165
1924 51.7% 22,098 37.4% 16,002 10.9% 4,673
1920 54.4% 23,040 44.3% 18,736 1.3% 546
1916 46.3% 9,927 51.1% 10,939 2.6% 562
1912 35.9% 8,007 40.0% 8,909 24.1% 5,378
1908 57.3% 12,568 39.7% 8,701 3.1% 669
1904 57.5% 12,603 40.3% 8,831 2.2% 470
1900 58.8% 12,653 38.7% 8,339 2.5% 543
1896 67.8% 13,080 25.7% 4,965 6.5% 1,248
1892 52.1% 9,875 46.3% 8,785 1.6% 303
1888 52.1% 9,460 46.5% 8,439 1.5% 267
1884 53.3% 8,540 44.2% 7,075 2.5% 404
1880 55.1% 8,689 44.4% 7,001 0.5% 80
1876 54.6% 8,190 45.2% 6,790 0.2% 29

County Commission[edit]

The executive power of Hillsborough County's government is held by three county commissioners, each representing one of the three commissioner districts within the county.

District Commissioner Hometown Party
1 Toni Pappas Manchester Republican
2 Michael Soucy Nashua Republican
3 Robert Rowe Amherst Republican

In addition to the county commission, there are five directly elected officials; they include county attorney, register of deeds, county sheriff, register of probate, and county treasurer.[6]

Office Name
County Attorney John Coughlin (R)
Register of Deeds Mary Ann Crowell (D)
County Sheriff Christopher Connelly (R)
Register of Probate Elizabeth Ann Moreau (R)
County Treasurer David Fredette (R)

[7]

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative branch of Hillsborough County is made up of all of the members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the county. In total, as of 2021 there are 122 members from 45 different districts.

Affiliation Members Voting share
Democratic Party 66 54.1%
Republican Party 56 45.9%
Total 122 100%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179032,883
180043,89933.5%
181049,24912.2%
182053,8849.4%
183037,724−30.0%
184042,49412.6%
185057,47835.3%
186062,1408.1%
187064,2383.4%
188075,63417.7%
189093,24723.3%
1900112,64020.8%
1910126,07211.9%
1920135,5127.5%
1930140,1653.4%
1940144,8883.4%
1950156,9878.4%
1960178,16113.5%
1970223,94125.7%
1980276,60823.5%
1990336,07321.5%
2000380,84113.3%
2010400,7215.2%
2020422,9375.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2018[12]
2020 American Community Survey Population Estimates, Race and Hispanic Origin[13]
Race Percentage
White, not Hispanic or Latino 83%
Asian 6%
Hispanic or Latino 8%
Black or African American 3%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 422,937 people residing in the county.[1] The population density was 482.8 inhabitants per square mile (186.4/km2).

The racial makeup of the county was 81.0% white, 4.8% Asian, 3.9% black or African American, 1.7% American Indian, 2.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8% of the population.[14]

For the period 2011–2015, 24.8% of the county's population had French ancestry (including 9.9% of the total population with French Canadian ancestry), 20.9% had Irish, 13.1% had English, 10.2% had Italian, and 8.2% had German ancestry.[15] For the same time period, the estimated median annual income for a household in the county was $71,244, and the median income for a family was $85,966. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,349 versus $44,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,242. About 5.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Villages[edit]

Former towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bureau, US Census. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  3. ^ "The White House – Obama's Path to Victory", Time, pp. 16–17, November 19, 2012
  4. ^ "NH-SOS – 2020". sos.nh.gov. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  5. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
  6. ^ Hillsborough County > Departments
  7. ^ "General Election Winners – 11/03/2020" (PDF). New Hampshire Secretary of State's Office. November 11, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  12. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
  13. ^ "U.S Census Bureau QuickFacts".
  14. ^ "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2011–2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2011–2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 7, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°55′N 71°43′W / 42.92°N 71.72°W / 42.92; -71.72