Manchester Dock (Liverpool)
Manchester Dock entrance lock, unearthed during 2007 for the excavation for the Liverpool Canal Link.
|Location||Liverpool, United Kingdom|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha), 595 sq yd (497 m2)|
|Width at entrance||32 ft 10 in (10.01 m)|
|Quay length||339 yd (310 m)|
In the 1780s, the docks at Liverpool were expanding, and the Manchester Basin was built to the north of the Canning Dock. It was a tidal basin which was linked directly to the river, and was not linked directly to the other docks. The benefits of turning it into a proper dock were soon realised, and an entrance lock was constructed between 1810 and 1815, by John Foster, Sr., after which it was known as the Manchester Dock. The dock was an important gateway for the export of coal and manufactured goods, and for the import of corn and cotton. With the formation of the Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company in 1845, the dock was used to hold their barges, and later those of the Great Western Railway, who transferred goods between the dock and their rail terminal at Morpeth Dock in Birkenhead.
The Liverpool Docks were controlled by the Docks Committee between 1825 and 1857. During this period, the total area of the docks was increased from 82 to 192 acres (0.78 km2), and the length of the quays was 15 miles (24 km) by 1857. Most of the increase was achieved by the construction of new docks, but they also purchased the Manchester Dock in 1851. Control of the docks passed to the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board in 1858.
By the 1920s, the dock traffic waned. Manchester Dock and the adjacent Chester Basin were dangerously subsiding because of excavation works for the Queensway Tunnel which ran underneath the site. Both docks were filled in by 1936, using rubble obtained from the construction of the tunnel. The area later became a car park, sealing the remains under a protective layer of tarmac.
In 2006/7, the dock was excavated as part of a major construction project for the new Museum of Liverpool and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal link to the Canning and Albert Docks. These excavations also exposed the neighbouring Chester Basin, and have provided important archaeological information as the entrance lock is one of the oldest in the whole Liverpool Docks complex. Most other locks of a similar age have either been destroyed or extensively modified.
- "Trading Places: Manchester Dock". Liverpool Museums. Archived from the original on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
- Baines 1859, Part II, p. 116
- "'Liverpool: The docks' A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 41-43". British History Online. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- Woodworth, Philip L. (1999), Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Report No. 56 (pdf), Natural Environment Research Council, p. 45, retrieved 21 May 2009
- "Liverpool Canal Link Progress - page 2". Pennine Waterways. Retrieved 10 November 2007.
- McCarron, Ken; Jarvis, Adrian (1992). Give a Dock a Good Name?. Birkenhead: Merseyside Port Folios. pp. 63–64. ISBN 9780951612941. OCLC 27770301.
- Moss, Linda; Stammers, Michael (1980). Foster, Richard, ed. Liverpool's South Docks. Part 1. Mann Island — Wapping Basin. Merseyside County Museums. pp. 17–22. ISBN 9780906367087. OCLC 9918913.
- "Mann Island, Liverpool, Merseyside - Archaeologial Excavation Report" (PDF). Oxford Archaeology North. March 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
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