Manchester East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester East
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Replaced by Manchester Ardwick and Manchester Clayton
Created from Manchester

Manchester East was one of six single-member parliamentary constituencies created in 1885 by the division of the existing three-member Parliamentary Borough of Manchester. It was abolished in 1918.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and was defined as consisting of the following areas:

  • The Parish of Bradford,
  • The Parish of Ardwick,
  • The Parish of Beswick,
  • The part of the Parish of Chorlton-upon-Medlock north of the centres of Cavendish Street, Grosvenor Street, Upper Brook Street, Dover Street, St. Leonards Street, and Cheltenham Street.[1]

The next redistribution took place under the terms of the Representation of the People Act 1918. The Manchester East seat was divided between the two new constituencies of Manchester Ardwick and Manchester Clayton.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [3] Party
1885 Arthur James Balfour Conservative
1906 Thomas Gardner Horridge Liberal
Jan. 1910 John Edward Sutton Labour
1918 constituency abolished

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Hopkinson
General Election 1885: Manchester East [4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour 4,536 55.0 n/a
Liberal Alfred Hopkinson 3,712 45.0 n/a
Majority 824 10.0 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
Balfour
General Election 1886: Manchester East [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour 4,160 54.2 -0.8
Liberal J H Crosfield 3,516 45.8 +0.8
Majority 644 8.4 -1.6
Turnout 78.5
Conservative hold Swing -0.8
Manchester East by-election, 1886 [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Balfour
General Election 1892: Manchester East [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour 5,147 52.0 n/a
Liberal Joseph Edwin Crawford Munro 4,749 48.0 n/a
Majority 398 4.0 n/a
Turnout 86.7 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Manchester East by-election, 1895 [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Manchester East [4][5][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour 5,386 54 n/a
Liberal Joseph Edwin Crawford Munro 4,610 46 n/a
Majority 776 8 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Scott
General Election 1900: Manchester East [4][5][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Balfour 5,803 63.4
Liberal Alfred Scott 3,350 36.6
Majority 2,453 26.8
Turnout 71.9
Conservative hold Swing
Horridge
General Election 1906: Manchester East [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Horridge 6,403 59.1 +22.5
Conservative Arthur Balfour 4,423 40.9 -22.5
Majority 1,980 18.2 45.0
Turnout 85.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +22.5

Notable result as Arthur Balfour had led the Conservative Party into the 1906 General Election as leader. He therefore became the first leader of the opposition to lose his seat.

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Manchester East [4][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Sutton 6,110 54.5 n/a
Conservative Edward Elvy Robb 5,091 45.5
Majority 1,019 9.0
Turnout 88.6 +3.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Manchester East [4][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Sutton 5,524 54.3 -0.2
Conservative Richard Gregory Proby 4,653 45.7 +0.2
Majority 871 8.6 -0.4
Turnout 80.5
Labour hold Swing -0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs: Number, Names, Contents, And Boundaries Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  2. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol. II: Northern England, London, 1991
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916

Sources[edit]

Election Results:

Horridge:

Sutton:

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Midlothian in 1894
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1902–1905
Succeeded by
Stirling Burghs