Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester, Gorton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Manchester Gorton in Greater Manchester in 2010.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 74,681 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Gerald Kaufman (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England
South East Lancashire Gorton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Created from South East Lancashire

Manchester, Gorton is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Sir Gerald Kaufman, a Labour MP and Father of the House.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the existing seat of South East Lancashire into eight single-member constituencies, an Act which significantly increased representation across Britain.

Historic boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division consisted of the area of the Gorton Local Board and the townships or parishes of Denton, Haughton, and Openshaw. The constituency comprised an area bounded on the west by the city of Manchester and to the east and south by the county boundary with Cheshire.[2] In 1890 Manchester's municipal boundaries were extended to include Gorton and Openshaw, although constituency boundaries remained unchanged until 1918.[3]

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised parliamentary seats throughout Great Britain. The redistribution reflected the boundary changes of 1890, with Gorton becoming a division of the parliamentary borough of Manchester. The Manchester, Gorton Division comprised three wards of the county borough of Manchester: Gorton North, Gorton South and Openshaw. Denton and Haughton, which together had formed Denton Urban District in 1894, were transferred to the Mossley Division of Lancashire.[3][4]

1950–1955[edit]

The next redrawing of English constituencies was effected by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Act introduced the term "borough constituency", with Manchester Gorton Borough Constituency now consisting of four wards of the city: Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme and Openshaw.[5] Levenshulme was transferred from the abolished Manchester Rusholme seat.[3] The revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election.

1955–1983[edit]

In 1955 boundary changes were made based on the recommendations of the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency was redefined as consisting of the Gorton North and Gorton South wards of the county borough and the two neighbouring urban districts of Audenshaw and Denton in the administrative county of Lancashire. Levenshulme passed to Manchester Withington while Openshaw formed the core of a new Manchester Openshaw seat.[6]

1983–2010[edit]

The 1983 redistribution of seats reflected local government reforms made in 1974. Manchester Gorton became a borough constituency in the parliamentary county of Greater Manchester. The constituency was redefined as comprising six wards of the Metropolitan district and City of Manchester, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme.[7] The constituency was unaltered at the next redistribution prior to the 1997 general election.[8]

Boundaries[edit]

From the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the seat has had wards (since the 2010 general election) of:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[10] Party
1885 Richard Peacock Liberal
1889 William Mather Liberal
1895 Ernest Hatch Conservative
1904 Liberal
1906 John Hodge Labour
1923 Joseph Compton Labour
1931 Eric Bailey Conservative
1935 Joseph Compton Labour
1937 William Wedgewood Benn Labour
1942 William Oldfield Labour
1955 Konni Zilliacus Labour
1967 Kenneth Marks Labour
1983 Sir Gerald Kaufman Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Manchester Gorton[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 28,187 67.1 +17.0
Green Laura Bannister 4,108 9.8 +7.0
Conservative Mohammed Afzal 4,063 9.7 -1.4
UKIP Phil Eckersley 3,434 8.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Dave Page 1,782 4.2 -28.4
TUSC Simon Hickman 264 0.6 -0.3
Pirate Cris Chesha 181 0.4 -0.2
Majority 24,079 57.3 +39.8
Turnout 42,019 57.6 +7.1
Labour hold Swing +5.0
General Election 2010: Manchester Gorton[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 19,211 50.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 12,508 32.6 −0.9
Conservative Caroline Healy 4,224 11.0 +1.2
Green Justine Hall 1,048 2.7 N/A
Respect Mohammed Zulfikar 507 1.3 N/A
TUSC Karen Reissman 337 0.9 N/A
Christian Peter Harrison 254 0.7 N/A
Pirate Tim Dobson 236 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,703 17.5 −2.1
Turnout 38,325 50.5 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Manchester Gorton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 15,480 53.2 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 9,672 33.2 +11.9
Conservative Amanda Byrne 2,848 9.8 −0.1
UKIP Gregg Beaman 783 2.7 +1.0
Workers Revolutionary Dan Waller 181 0.6 N/A
Resolutionist Party Matthew Kay 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,808 19.9
Turnout 29,123 45.0 +2.3
Labour hold Swing −10.8
General Election 2001: Manchester Gorton[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 17,099 62.8 −2.5
Liberal Democrat Miss Jacqueline M. Pearcey 5,795 21.3 +3.8
Conservative Christopher George Causer 2,705 9.9 −1.8
Green Bruce Simon Bingham 835 3.1 +2.2
UKIP Rashid Ahmed Bhatti 462 1.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Miss Kirsty Muir 333 1.2 −0.2
Majority 11,304 41.5
Turnout 42.7 −12.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

Changes in vote compared with notional figures for 1997 election following boundary changes.

General Election 1997: Manchester Gorton[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,704 65.3 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Jackie Pearcey 6,362 17.5 +3.5
Conservative Guy Senior 4,249 11.7 −7.8
Referendum Kevin Hartley 812 2.2 N/A
Green Spencer FitzGibbon 683 1.9 +0.3
Socialist Labour Trevor Wongsam 501 1.4 N/A
Majority 17,342 47.8
Turnout 36,311 55.6 −5.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Manchester, Gorton[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,671 62.3 +7.9
Conservative Jonathan Bullock 7,392 19.5 −3.8
Liberal Democrat Phil Harris 5,327 14.0 −7.7
Liberal Terry Henderson 767 2.0 −19.7
Green Mike Daw 595 1.6 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Miss Pam Lawrence 108 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Philip D. Mitchell 84 0.2 N/A
International Communist Mrs Colleen E. Smith 30 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,279 42.9 +11.8
Turnout 37,974 60.8 −9.6
Labour hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Manchester Gorton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 24,615 54.40
Conservative John Kershaw 10,550 23.32
Liberal Keith Arthur Whitmore 9,830 21.72
Red Front Pam Lawrence 253 0.56
Majority 14,065 31.08
Turnout 70.43
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Manchester Gorton[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 22,460 51.20
Conservative John Kershaw 12,495 28.48
Liberal Keith Arthur Whitmore 8,348 19.03
Communist Malcolm Cowle 333 0.76
BNP Leslie Charles Andrews 231 0.53
Majority 9,965 22.72
Turnout 67.86
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,293 53.54
Conservative Michael Lord 16,009 38.45
Liberal Graham Shaw 2,867 6.89
National Front Richard Chadfield 469 1.13
Majority 6,284 15.09
Turnout 77.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 21,287 53.63
Conservative Stephen Waley-Cohen 12,423 31.30
Liberal A. Cottam 5,984 15.08
Majority 8,864 22.33
Turnout 70.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,276 51.23
Conservative Stephen Waley-Cohen 13,300 30.59
Liberal Robert Brooks 7,906 18.18
Majority 8,976 20.64
Turnout 78.35
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 23,679 53.47
Conservative J.A. Kevill 17,594 39.73
Liberal J.M. Ashley 3,013 6.80
Majority 6,085 13.74
Turnout 71.90
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Manchester Gorton by-election, 1967
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 19.259 45.89 -14.21
Conservative Winston Churchill 18,682 44.51 +4.61
Liberal Terry Lacey 2,471 5.89 N/A
All Party Alliance John Creasey 1,123 2.68 N/A
Communist Victor Eddisford 437 1.04 N/A
Majority 557 1.38
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 24,726 60.10
Conservative I.K. Paley 16,418 39.90
Majority 8,308 20.19
Turnout 72.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Manchester, Gorton[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,895 55.11
Conservative Edwin Hodson 19,465 44.89
Majority 4,430 10.22
Turnout 76.44
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Manchester, Gorton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,337 50.94
Conservative D Henry Moore 22,480 49.06
Majority 857 1.87
Turnout 82.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 21,102 50.32
Conservative K.B. Campbell 20,833 49.68
Majority 269 0.64
Turnout 76.49
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Henry Oldfield 28,763 58.02
Conservative S.H. Garlick 20,815 41.98
Majority 7,948 16.03
Turnout 82.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Henry Oldfield 28,088 55.18
Conservative J. Watts 18,564 36.47
Liberal A Maxwell Caplin 3,377 6.63
Communist S. Abbott 873 1.72
Majority 9,524 18.71
Turnout 85.49
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Manchester, Gorton
Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield 24,095 69.05
Conservative H. Sharp 10,799 30.95
Majority 13,296 38.10
Turnout 75.53
Labour hold Swing
By Election 11 March 1942: Manchester, Gorton
Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield Unopposed
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

By Election 20 February 1937: Manchester, Gorton
Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wedgewood Benn 17,849
Conservative A Spearman 13,091
Majority 4,758
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1935: Manchester, Gorton
Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 20,039 55.86
Conservative Eric Bailey 15,833 44.14
Majority 4,206 11.73
Turnout 77.12
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Manchester, Gorton
Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Bailey 21,228 55.1
Labour Joseph Compton 16,316 42.3
Communist Chris Flanagan 1,000 2.6
Majority 4,912 12.7
Turnout 81.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Manchester Gorton [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 22,056 61.1
Unionist Alfred Cecil Critchley 10,664 29.5
Liberal Mrs Beatrice Annie Bayfield 3,385 9.4
Majority 11,392 31.6
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Manchester Gorton [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 16,080 60.0
Unionist William Heap 10,702 40.0
Majority 5,378 20.0
Turnout 74.5
Labour hold Swing

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Peacock
General Election 1885: Gorton [24][25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Peacock 5,300 n/a
Conservative Daniel Irvine Flattely 3,452 n/a
Majority 1,848 n/a
Turnout 84.7 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Gorton [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Peacock 4,592
Conservative Viscount Grey de Wilton 4,135
Majority 457
Turnout 84.4 -0.3
Liberal hold Swing
Mather
Gorton by-election, 1889[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather 5,155 54.5 -
Conservative Ernest Frederic George Hatch 4,309 45.5
Majority 846 9.0
Turnout 88.7 +4.3
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Gorton [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather 5,255
Conservative Ernest Frederic George Hatch 5,033
Majority 222
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Hatch.
General Election 1895: Gorton [25][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Frederic George Hatch 5,865
Liberal Richard Marsden Pankhurst 4,261
Majority 1,604
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Ward
General Election 1900: Gorton [25][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Frederic George Hatch 5,761
Lib-Lab W. Ward 5,241
Majority 520
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Hodge
General Election 1906: Gorton [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 8,566
Conservative SW Royce 4,341
Majority 4,225
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Gorton [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 7,807
Conservative Henry White 7,334
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Gorton [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 7,840
Conservative Henry White 7,187
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Seventh Schedule, Counties At Large, Number Of Members And Names And Contents Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  3. ^ a b c F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London 1991
  4. ^ Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.5)
  5. ^ First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of the People Act 1948 (C.65)
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No.417)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No.1626)
  9. ^ Fifth periodical report - Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8 
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Manchester Gorton". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Manchester Gorton
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ReferenceA" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  25. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  27. ^ The Constitiutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 147 (171 in web page), Lancashire South East
  28. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  29. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  30. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  31. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  32. ^ Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 17 Jan 1914
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Louth and Horncstle
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
2015-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent