Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Manchester Gorton)
Jump to: navigation, search
Manchester, Gorton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Manchester Gorton in Greater Manchester in 2010.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 74,681 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Vacant, pending General Election
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England
South East Lancashire Gorton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Created from South East Lancashire

Manchester, Gorton is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1983 to 2017 by Sir Gerald Kaufman, a Labour MP and Father of the House. His death in February 2017 triggered the Manchester Gorton by-election, 2017, to be held on 4 May 2017 but the by-election was countermanded (that is, cancelled) after the House of Commons voted for a general election on 8 June 2017 where a new MP will be elected.[2][n 2]

History[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the existing seat of South East Lancashire into eight single-member constituencies, an Act which significantly increased representation across Britain.

Summary of results

This Westminster seat has been held by the Labour party's candidate since 1935, with large majorities exceeding 17% since 1979. The 2015 result made the seat the 8th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[3]

Historic boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division consisted of the area of the Gorton Local Board and the townships or parishes of Denton, Haughton, and Openshaw. The constituency comprised an area bounded on the west by the city of Manchester and to the east and south by the county boundary with Cheshire.[4] In 1890, Manchester's municipal boundaries were extended to include Gorton and Openshaw, although constituency boundaries remained unchanged until 1918.[5]

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised parliamentary seats throughout Great Britain. The redistribution reflected the boundary changes of 1890, with Gorton becoming a division of the parliamentary borough of Manchester. The Manchester, Gorton Division comprised three wards of the county borough of Manchester: Gorton North, Gorton South and Openshaw. Denton and Haughton, which together had formed Denton Urban District in 1894, were transferred to the Mossley Division of Lancashire.[5][6]

1950–1955[edit]

The next redrawing of English constituencies was effected by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Act introduced the term "borough constituency", with Manchester Gorton Borough Constituency now consisting of four wards of the city: Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme and Openshaw.[7] Levenshulme was transferred from the abolished Manchester Rusholme seat.[5] The revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election.

1955–1983[edit]

In 1955 boundary changes were made based on the recommendations of the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency was redefined as consisting of the Gorton North and Gorton South wards of the county borough and the two neighbouring urban districts of Audenshaw and Denton in the administrative county of Lancashire. Levenshulme passed to Manchester Withington while Openshaw formed the core of a new Manchester Openshaw seat.[8]

1983–2010[edit]

The 1983 redistribution of seats reflected local government reforms made in 1974. Manchester Gorton became a borough constituency in the parliamentary county of Greater Manchester. The constituency was redefined as comprising six wards of the Metropolitan district and City of Manchester, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme.[9] The constituency was unaltered at the next redistribution prior to the 1997 general election.[10]

Boundaries[edit]

Manchester Gorton's wards

From the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the seat has had wards (since the 2010 general election) of:

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[12] Party
1885 Richard Peacock Liberal
1889 by-election William Mather Liberal
1895 Ernest Hatch Conservative
1905–Mr Hatch crossed floor[13] Liberal
1906 John Hodge Labour
1923 Joseph Compton Labour
1931 Eric Bailey Conservative
1935 Joseph Compton Labour
1937 by-election William Wedgewood Benn Labour
1942 by-election William Oldfield Labour
1955 Konni Zilliacus Labour
1967 by-election Kenneth Marks Labour
1983 Sir Gerald Kaufman Labour
2017 Vacant

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Manchester Gorton[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Christian Peoples Kemi Abidogun
Communist League Peter Clifford
Monster Raving Loony The Irrelevant Johnny Disco
UKIP Phil Eckersley
Independent George Galloway
No description David Hopkins
Conservative Shaden Jaradat
Labour Afzal Khan
Independent Sufi Khandoker
Green Jess Mayo
Liberal Democrat Jackie Pearcey
Majority
Turnout
General Election 2015: Manchester Gorton[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 28,187 67.1 +17.0
Green Laura Bannister 4,108 9.8 +7.0
Conservative Mohammed Afzal 4,063 9.7 -1.4
UKIP Phil Eckersley 3,434 8.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Dave Page 1,782 4.2 -28.4
TUSC Simon Hickman 264 0.6 -0.3
Pirate Cris Chesha 181 0.4 -0.2
Majority 24,079 57.3 +39.8
Turnout 42,019 57.6 +7.1
Labour hold Swing +5.0
General Election 2010: Manchester Gorton[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 19,211 50.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 12,508 32.6 −0.9
Conservative Caroline Healy 4,224 11.0 +1.2
Green Justine Hall 1,048 2.7 N/A
Respect Mohammed Zulfikar 507 1.3 N/A
TUSC Karen Reissman 337 0.9 N/A
Christian Peter Harrison 254 0.7 N/A
Pirate Tim Dobson 236 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,703 17.5 −2.1
Turnout 38,325 50.5 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Manchester Gorton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 15,480 53.2 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 9,672 33.2 +11.9
Conservative Amanda Byrne 2,848 9.8 −0.1
UKIP Gregg Beaman 783 2.7 +1.0
Workers Revolutionary Dan Waller 181 0.6 N/A
Resolutionist Party Matthew Kay 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,808 19.9
Turnout 29,123 45.0 +2.3
Labour hold Swing −10.8
General Election 2001: Manchester Gorton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 17,099 62.8 −2.5
Liberal Democrat Jacqueline M. Pearcey 5,795 21.3 +3.8
Conservative Christopher Causer 2,705 9.9 −1.8
Green Bruce Bingham 835 3.1 +2.2
UKIP Rashid Bhatti 462 1.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Kirsty Muir 333 1.2 −0.2
Majority 11,304 41.5
Turnout 42.7 −12.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

Changes in vote compared with notional figures for 1997 election following boundary changes.

General Election 1997: Manchester Gorton[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,704 65.3 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Jackie Pearcey 6,362 17.5 +3.5
Conservative Guy Senior 4,249 11.7 −7.8
Referendum Kevin Hartley 812 2.2 N/A
Green Spencer FitzGibbon 683 1.9 +0.3
Socialist Labour Trevor Wongsam 501 1.4 N/A
Majority 17,342 47.8
Turnout 36,311 55.6 −5.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Manchester, Gorton[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,671 62.3 +7.9
Conservative Jonathan Bullock 7,392 19.5 −3.8
Liberal Democrat Phil Harris 5,327 14.0 −7.7
Liberal Terry Henderson 767 2.0 −19.7
Green Mike Daw 595 1.6 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Pam Lawrence 108 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Philip D. Mitchell 84 0.2 N/A
International Communist Colleen E. Smith 30 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,279 42.9 +11.8
Turnout 37,974 60.8 −9.6
Labour hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Manchester Gorton[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 24,615 54.40
Conservative John Kershaw 10,550 23.32
Liberal Keith Whitmore 9,830 21.72
Red Front Pam Lawrence 253 0.56
Majority 14,065 31.08
Turnout 70.43
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Manchester Gorton[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald Kaufman 22,460 51.20
Conservative John Kershaw 12,495 28.48
Liberal Keith Whitmore 8,348 19.03
Communist Malcolm Cowle 333 0.76
BNP Leslie Andrews 231 0.53
Majority 9,965 22.72
Turnout 67.86
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,293 53.54
Conservative Michael Lord 16,009 38.45
Liberal Graham Shaw 2,867 6.89
National Front Richard Chadfield 469 1.13
Majority 6,284 15.09
Turnout 77.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 21,287 53.63
Conservative Stephen Waley-Cohen 12,423 31.30
Liberal A. Cottam 5,984 15.08
Majority 8,864 22.33
Turnout 70.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Manchester Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 22,276 51.23
Conservative Stephen Waley-Cohen 13,300 30.59
Liberal Robert Brooks 7,906 18.18
Majority 8,976 20.64
Turnout 78.35
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 23,679 53.47
Conservative John A. Kevill 17,594 39.73
Liberal James M. Ashley 3,013 6.80
Majority 6,085 13.74
Turnout 71.90
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Manchester Gorton by-election, 1967[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Marks 19,259 45.89 -14.21
Conservative Winston Churchill 18,682 44.51 +4.61
Liberal Terry Lacey 2,471 5.89 N/A
All Party Alliance John Creasey 1,123 2.68 N/A
Communist Victor Eddisford 437 1.04 N/A
Majority 557 1.38
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 24,726 60.10
Conservative Ian Keith Paley 16,418 39.90
Majority 8,308 20.19
Turnout 72.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Manchester, Gorton[27][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,895 55.11
Conservative Edwin Hodson 19,465 44.89
Majority 4,430 10.22
Turnout 76.44
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Manchester, Gorton[28][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 23,337 50.94
Conservative Donald Henry Moore 22,480 49.06
Majority 857 1.87
Turnout 82.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Konni Zilliacus 21,102 50.32
Conservative K. Bruce Campbell 20,833 49.68
Majority 269 0.64
Turnout 76.49
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield 28,763 58.02
Conservative Squire Horace Garlick 20,815 41.98
Majority 7,948 16.03
Turnout 82.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield 28,088 55.18
Conservative James Watts 18,564 36.47
Liberal Abram Maxwell Caplin 3,377 6.63
Communist S. Abbott 873 1.72
Majority 9,524 18.71
Turnout 85.49
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Manchester, Gorton[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield 24,095 69.05 n/a
Conservative Harry Sharp 10,799 30.95 n/a
Majority 13,296 38.10 n/a
Turnout 75.53 n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
Manchester Gorton by-election, 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Oldfield Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Manchester Gorton by-election, 1937[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Wedgewood Benn 17,849 57.69 1.83
Conservative Alexander Spearman 13,091 42.31 -1.83
Majority 4,758
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1935: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 20,039 55.86
Conservative Eric Bailey 15,833 44.14
Majority 4,206 11.73
Turnout 77.12
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Bailey 21,228 55.1
Labour Joseph Compton 16,316 42.3
Communist Chris Flanagan 1,000 2.6
Majority 4,912 12.7
Turnout 81.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Manchester Gorton [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 22,056 61.1
Unionist Alfred Critchley 10,664 29.5
Liberal Beatrice Annie Bayfield 3,385 9.4
Majority 11,392 31.6
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Manchester Gorton [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Compton 16,080 60.0
Unionist William Heap 10,702 40.0
Majority 5,378 20.0
Turnout 74.5
Labour hold Swing

Election in 1918[edit]

General Election 1918: Manchester Gorton [30][31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 13,047 67.4
Independent Unionist Henry White 5,005 25.9
Socialist Labour Party J. T. Murphy 1,300 6.7
Majority 8,042 41.6
Turnout 19,352 58.0
Labour hold Swing
  • Although Hodge was a member of the Coalition Government, no official Coalition Government endorsement was sent to any candidate

Election results for South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Expected General Election 1914/15: Under the terms of the Parliament Act 1911 a General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

In the event, the election was postponed on the outbreak of the Great War.

General Election December 1910: Gorton [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 7,840
Conservative Henry White 7,187
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Gorton [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 7,807
Conservative Henry White 7,334
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Hodge
General Election 1906: Gorton [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hodge 8,566
Conservative SW Royce 4,341
Majority 4,225
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Mr Hatch crossed the floor of the House of Commons to sit with the Liberals, around February 1905.[13]

Ward
General Election 1900: Gorton [36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Hatch 5,761
Lib-Lab W. Ward 5,241
Majority 520
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Hatch
General Election 1895: Gorton [36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Hatch 5,865
Liberal Richard Pankhurst 4,261
Majority 1,604
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1892: Gorton [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather 5,255
Conservative Ernest Hatch 5,033
Majority 222
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Mather
Gorton by-election, 1889[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather 5,155 54.5 -
Conservative Ernest Hatch 4,309 45.5
Majority 846 9.0
Turnout 88.7 +4.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Gorton [39][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Peacock 4,592
Conservative Arthur George Egerton 4,135
Majority 457
Turnout 84.4 -0.3
Liberal hold Swing
Peacock
General Election 1885: Gorton [39][36][40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Peacock 5,300 n/a
Conservative Daniel Irvine Flattely 3,452 n/a
Majority 1,848 n/a
Turnout 84.7 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-39646993
  3. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Seventh Schedule, Counties At Large, Number Of Members And Names And Contents Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  5. ^ a b c F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London 1991
  6. ^ Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.5)
  7. ^ First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of the People Act 1948 (C.65)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
  9. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No.417)
  10. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No.1626)
  11. ^ Fifth periodical report - Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8 
  12. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  13. ^ a b "Political Notes". The Times, London. 13 February 1905. p. 6. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  14. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated". manchester.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Manchester Gorton". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  18. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Manchester Gorton
  19. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  24. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Times House of Commons, 1950-1970
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ [2]
  29. ^ a b F. W. S. Craig, ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949. Palgrave Macmillan UK. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-81467-1. 
  30. ^ "Manchester & Salford: Only About Half The Voters Poll". The Manchester Guardian. 30 Dec 1918. p. 4. 
  31. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, FWS Craig
  32. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1922
  33. ^ Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 17 Jan 1914
  34. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  35. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  36. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  37. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  38. ^ The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 147 (171 in web page), Lancashire South East
  39. ^ a b F. W. S. Craig, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918. Palgrave Macmillan UK. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-02298-4. 
  40. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Louth and Horncastle
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
2015-2017
Succeeded by
Rushcliffe