Manchester North West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester North West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one

Manchester North West was one of six single-member Parliamentary constituencies created in 1885 by the division of the three-member Parliamentary Borough of Manchester under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Its first MP, William Houldsworth, had previously sat for Manchester. It was abolished in 1918.

Winston Churchill won the seat at the 1906 General Election, but lost it at the 1908 by-election required at that time on his promotion to the Cabinet (he instead returned to Parliament for Dundee). In 1910, Andrew Bonar Law challenged Churchill to run against him here, and promised "he would welcome him and they would have a lively time". Bonar Law suggested that the loser should stay out of the next parliament (The Times). Churchill declined. In the event Bonar Law lost to the sitting MP, Sir George Kemp.

Kemp resigned the seat in July 1912, ostensibly to concentrate on his business interests, but he was known to disagree with the Home Rule Bill (The Times).

Boundaries[edit]

The Municipal Borough of Manchester wards of Collegiate, Exchange, Oxford, St Ann's, St Clement's, St James's, and St John's, and the parish of Cheetham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1885 William Houldsworth Conservative
1906 Winston Churchill Liberal
1908 by-election William Joynson-Hicks Conservative
1910 Sir George Kemp Liberal
1912 by-election Sir John Randles Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

W. Houldsworth
General Election 1885: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Houldsworth 5,834 53.3 n/a
Liberal John Slagg 5,111 46.7 n/a
Majority 723 6.6 n/a
Turnout 86.3
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Manchester North West [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Henry Houldsworth 5,489 55.2 +1.9
Liberal H. Lee 4,453 44.8 -1.9
Majority 1,036 10.4 +2.8
Turnout 78.4 -7.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Manchester North West [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir William Henry Houldsworth unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Manchester North West [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir William Henry Houldsworth 4,997 58.6 n/a
Liberal Thomas Francis Byrne 3,526 41.4 n/a
Majority 1,471 17.2 n/a
Turnout 72.6 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Manchester North West [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir William Henry Houldsworth unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Winston Churchill
General Election 1906: Manchester North West [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill 5,639 56.2 n/a
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 4,398 43.8 n/a
Majority 1,241 12.4 n/a
Turnout 88.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Manchester North West by-election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 5,417 50.7 +6.9
Liberal Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill 4,988 46.7 -9.5
Social Democratic Federation David Daniel Irving 276 2.6 n/a
Majority 429 4.0
Turnout 89.7 +1.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Geo. Kemp
General Election January 1910: Manchester North West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir George Kemp 5,930 53.5 +6.8
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 5,147 46.5 -4.2
Majority 783 7.0 11.0
Turnout 92.6
Liberal hold Swing +5.5
Bonar Law
General Election December 1910: Manchester North West [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir George Kemp 5,559 52.1 -2
Conservative Andrew Bonar Law 5,114 47.9
Majority 445 4.2
Turnout 89.2
Liberal hold Swing
Manchester North West by-election, 1912
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir John Scurrah Randles 5,573 56
Liberal Gordon Hewart 4,371 44
Majority 1,202 12

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

Election Results:

Dan Irving:

Bonar Law versus Churchill:

  • "The Manchester Contest", The Times, 29 November 1910. Retrieved online 21 March 2006.

Resgnation of Kemp:

  • "Another by-election", The Times, 26 July 1912. Retrieved online 22 March 2006.