Manchester North West (UK Parliament constituency)
|Manchester North West|
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Manchester Ardwick, Manchester Blackley, Manchester Exchange, Manchester Moss Side|
Manchester North West was one of six single-member Parliamentary constituencies created in 1885 by the division of the three-member Parliamentary Borough of Manchester under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Its first MP, William Houldsworth, had previously sat for Manchester. It was abolished in 1918.
Winston Churchill won the seat at the 1906 General Election, but lost it at the 1908 by-election required at that time on his promotion to the Cabinet (he instead returned to Parliament for Dundee). In 1910, Bonar Law challenged Churchill to run against him here, and promised "he would welcome him and they would have a lively time". Bonar Law suggested that the loser should stay out of the next parliament (The Times). Churchill declined. In the event Bonar Law lost to the sitting MP, Sir George Kemp.
Kemp resigned the seat in July 1912, ostensibly to concentrate on his business interests, but he was known to disagree with the Home Rule Bill (The Times).
The Municipal Borough of Manchester wards of Collegiate, Exchange, Oxford, St Ann's, St Clement's, St James's, and St John's, and the civil parish of Cheetham.
Members of Parliament
|1908 by-election||William Joynson-Hicks||Conservative|
|1910||Sir George Kemp||Liberal|
|1912 by-election||Sir John Randles||Conservative|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Thomas Francis Byrne||3,526||41.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Social Democratic Federation||Dan Irving||276||2.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.2|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.5|
|Conservative||John Scurrah Randles||5,573||56.0||+8.1|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.1|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- "Manchester (North West)". Evening Star. 3 July 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
Bonar Law versus Churchill:
- "The Manchester Contest", The Times, 29 November 1910. Retrieved online 21 March 2006.
Resgnation of Kemp:
- "Another by-election", The Times, 26 July 1912. Retrieved online 22 March 2006.