Manchester North West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester North West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Manchester Ardwick, Manchester Blackley, Manchester Exchange, Manchester Moss Side
Created from Manchester

Manchester North West was one of six single-member Parliamentary constituencies created in 1885 by the division of the three-member Parliamentary Borough of Manchester under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Its first MP, William Houldsworth, had previously sat for Manchester. It was abolished in 1918.

Winston Churchill won the seat at the 1906 General Election, but lost it at the 1908 by-election required at that time on his promotion to the Cabinet (he instead returned to Parliament for Dundee). In 1910, Bonar Law challenged Churchill to run against him here, and promised "he would welcome him and they would have a lively time". Bonar Law suggested that the loser should stay out of the next parliament (The Times). Churchill declined. In the event Bonar Law lost to the sitting MP, Sir George Kemp.

Kemp resigned the seat in July 1912, ostensibly to concentrate on his business interests, but he was known to disagree with the Home Rule Bill (The Times).

Boundaries[edit]

The Municipal Borough of Manchester wards of Collegiate, Exchange, Oxford, St Ann's, St Clement's, St James's, and St John's, and the civil parish of Cheetham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1885 William Houldsworth Conservative
1906 Winston Churchill Liberal
1908 by-election William Joynson-Hicks Conservative
1910 Sir George Kemp Liberal
1912 by-election Sir John Randles Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Houldsworth
General Election 1885: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Houldsworth 5,834 53.3 N/A
Liberal John Slagg 5,111 46.7 N/A
Majority 723 6.6 N/A
Turnout 10,945 86.3 N/A
Registered electors 12,685
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Houldsworth 5,489 55.2 +1.9
Liberal Henry Lee[3] 4,453 44.8 -1.9
Majority 1,036 10.4 +2.8
Turnout 9,942 78.4 -7.9
Registered electors 12,685
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Houldsworth Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1895: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Houldsworth 4,997 58.6 N/A
Liberal Thomas Francis Byrne 3,526 41.4 N/A
Majority 1,471 17.2 N/A
Turnout 8,523 72.6 N/A
Registered electors 11,741
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Houldsworth Unopposed
Conservative hold
Churchill
General Election 1906: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Churchill 5,639 56.2 N/A
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 4,398 43.8 N/A
Majority 1,241 12.4 N/A
Turnout 10,037 88.0 N/A
Registered electors 11,411
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Manchester North West by-election, 1908[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 5,417 50.7 +6.9
Liberal Winston Churchill 4,988 46.7 −9.5
Social Democratic Federation Dan Irving 276 2.6 N/A
Majority 429 4.0 N/A
Turnout 10,681 89.7 +1.7
Registered electors 11,914
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Kemp
General Election January 1910: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Kemp 5,930 53.5 +6.8
Conservative William Joynson-Hicks 5,147 46.5 -4.2
Majority 783 7.0 11.0
Turnout 92.6 +2.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.5
Law
General Election December 1910: Manchester North West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Kemp 5,559 52.1 -1.4
Conservative Bonar Law 5,114 47.9 +1.4
Majority 445 4.2 -2.8
Turnout 89.2 -3.4
Liberal hold Swing -1.4
Manchester North West by-election, 1912
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Scurrah Randles 5,573 56.0 +8.1
Liberal Gordon Hewart 4,371 44.0 -8.1
Majority 1,202 12.0 16.2
Turnout 9,944 81.9 -7.3
Registered electors 12,143
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +8.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  3. ^ "Manchester (North West)". Evening Star. 3 July 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 

Sources[edit]

Election Results:

Dan Irving:

Bonar Law versus Churchill:

  • "The Manchester Contest", The Times, 29 November 1910. Retrieved online 21 March 2006.

Resgnation of Kemp:

  • "Another by-election", The Times, 26 July 1912. Retrieved online 22 March 2006.