Manchester Rusholme (UK Parliament constituency)

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Manchester Rusholme
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19181950
Number of members one
Replaced by Manchester Ardwick, Manchester Gorton and Manchester Withington
Created from Manchester South and Stretford

Manchester Rusholme was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Rusholme district of Manchester. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Representation of the People Act for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created as Manchester, Rusholme Division by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and was defined as consisting of three wards of the county borough of Manchester, namely Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme.[1]

The division consisted of areas that had been included with Manchester's municipal boundaries in 1890 and 1909.[2] Since the previous redistribution of seats in 1885, they had formed part of the Stretford Division of Lancashire.

The seat was abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1948, with its area being redistributed between Manchester Ardwick (Longsight), Manchester Gorton (Levenshulme) and Manchester Withington (Rusholme) borough constituencies.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Robert Burdon Stoker Coalition Conservative
1919 John Henry Thorpe Coalition Conservative
1923 Charles Masterman Liberal
1924 Sir Boyd Merriman Conservative
1933 Edmund Ashworth Radford Conservative
1944 Frederick Cundiff Conservative
1945 Lester Hutchinson Labour
1949 Labour Independent Group
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Robert Burdon Stoker 12,447 65.1 N/A
Liberal Walter Butterworth 3,699 19.3 N/A
Labour Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence 2,985 15.6 N/A
Majority 8,748 45.8 N/A
Turnout 19,131 62.9 N/A
Registered electors 30,421
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
William Pringle
Manchester Rusholme by-election, 1919
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist John Henry Thorpe 9,394 45.7 −19.4
Labour Robert Dunstan 6,412 31.2 +15.6
Liberal William Pringle 3,923 19.1 −0.2
National Roger Bowan Crewdson 815 4.0 N/A
Majority 2,982 14.5 −31.3
Turnout 19,729 67.5 +4.6
Registered electors 30,421
Unionist hold Swing +17.5
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Henry Thorpe 11,765 47.9 −17.2
Liberal Ernest Frederick Martin Sutton 6,421 26.1 +6.8
Labour Albert Ernest Wood 6,397 26.0 +10.4
Majority 5,344 21.8 −24.0
Turnout 25,583 77.8 +14.9
Registered electors 31,582
Unionist hold Swing −12.0
CFG Masterman
General Election 1923: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Masterman 10,901 43.4 +17.3
Unionist John Henry Thorpe 8,876 35.3 −12.6
Labour William Paul 5,366 21.3 −4.7
Majority 2,025 8.1 N/A
Turnout 25,143 78.0 +0.2
Registered electors 32,253
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +15.0
General Election 1924: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Boyd Merriman 13,341 50.4 +15.1
Liberal Charles Masterman 7,772 29.4 −14.0
Communist William Paul 5,328 20.2 N/A
Majority 5,569 21.0 N/A
Turnout 26,441 79.8 +1.8
Registered electors 33,147
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.6
General Election 1929: Manchester Rusholme [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Boyd Merriman 14,230 42.8 −7.6
Liberal Philip Guedalla 10,958 32.9 +3.5
Labour Jerrold Adshead 8,080 24.3 N/A
Majority 3,272 9.9 −11.1
Turnout 33,268 78.7 −1.1
Registered electors 42,289
Unionist hold Swing −5.6

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Boyd Merriman 24,817 69.3
Labour Jerrold Adshead 6,319 17.6
Liberal Frank Thornborough 4,658 13.0
Majority 18,498 51.7
Turnout 35,794 80.0
Conservative hold Swing
Manchester Rusholme by-election, 1933
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edmund Ashworth Radford 13,904 50.8
Labour George Woods 11,005 40.1
Independent Liberal Percy McDougall 2,503 9.1
Majority 2,899 10.7
Turnout 60.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edmund Ashworth Radford 19,678 62.6
Labour Albert Knight 9,258 29.4
Independent Liberal Percy McDougall 2,525 8.0
Majority 10,420 33.2
Turnout 69.8
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1940 Another election was due to take place by 1940 but did not take place due to the outbreak of war. The following candidates had alreasdy been selected to fight this election;

Manchester Rusholme by-election, 1944
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Cundiff 8,430 53.3
Common Wealth Harold William Blomerley 6,670 42.1
Independent Labour C.J. Taylor 734 4.6
Majority 1,760 11.2
Turnout 34.7
General Election 1945: Manchester Rusholme
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lester Hutchinson 15,408 43.4
Conservative Frederick Cundiff 15,398 43.4
Liberal George Chappell 4,673 13.2
Majority 10 0.0
Turnout 47,486 74.7

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ninth Schedule, Part I: Parliamentary Boroughs, 1918 c.64 sch.9
  2. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
  3. ^ First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies, 1948 c.65 sch.1
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  5. ^ The Liberal Magazine 1939
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)