Manchester School of Art
|Motto||Many Arts, Many Skills|
Manchester School of Art in Manchester, England, was established in 1838 as the Manchester School of Design. It is the second oldest art school in the United Kingdom after the Royal College of Art which was founded the year before. It is now part of Manchester Metropolitan University.
The school opened in the basement of the Manchester Royal Institution on Mosley Street in 1838. It became the School of Art in 1853 and moved to Cavendish Street in 1880. It was subsequently named the Municipal School of Art. In 1880, the school admitted female students, at the time the only higher education available to women, although men and women were segregated. The school was extended in 1897.
The school became part of Manchester Polytechnic in 1970 and is now part of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities at the Manchester Metropolitan University. Its 175th anniversary in 2013 was marked by the opening of the new Benzie Building and the refurbishment of the Chatham Tower. The school comprises four departments, the Manchester School of Architecture (MSA), formed in 1996 and jointly administered with the University of Manchester, and the Departments of Art and Performance which incorporates the Manchester School of Theatre, Design and Media as well as Manchester School of Art Research Centre.
The school became responsible for the non-degree courses of the Manchester Municipal College of Technology by 1996, when the rest of that institution became the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. This transfer gave a historical link to the Manchester Mechanics' Institute established in 1824.
The Manchester Municipal School of Art was built in Cavendish Street in 1880–81 to the designs of G.T. Redmayne. On a rectangular plan it was constructed in sandstone ashlar with buff terracotta dressings. It is two storeys high above a basement and has slate roofs with glazed skylights. Its symmetrical facade, built in the Neo-Gothic style, has large gabled wings with pinnacles at either side of its buttressed and blind arcaded main range. In the centre is a chamfered doorway with a moulded arched head and carved spandrels above which is a canted oriel window with a steep roof against a gable with pinnacles and a finial at the top. The building is Grade II listed.
The 1897 extension designed by Joseph Gibbon Sankey, at the rear of the building, was built in red brick and terracotta with Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style) decoration by W.J. Neatby, chief designer at Royal Doulton.
In 2014 the 1960s Chatham Tower was refurbished and the Benzie Building was built, to provide additional studio and exhibition space for the art school. The design, by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize in the same year.
Calico printers Edmund Potter and James Thomson were involved in the school's foundation. The first head from 1838 was John Zephaniah Bell, who pursued a fine art curriculum until 1843. John Cassidy studied in 1883 and taught there for a year in 1887. Walter Crane was the Director of Design from 1893 to 1898. Adolphe Valette was a teacher there from 1906 to 1920. On 1 December 2020 Professor Martyn Evans was appointed as Director of Manchester School of Art.
Its graduates include L.S. Lowry, Eugene Halliday, Liam Spencer, Ossie Clark, Martin Parr, Malcolm Garrett, Peter Saville, Thomas Heatherwick and Roger Hampson. Sylvia Pankhurst was a student at the school. Susan Dacre and Annie Swynnerton formed the Society of Women Painters and Swynnerton became the first woman to be elected to the Royal Academy since its inception in 1768. John Mayall enrolled at the School of Art in the 1950s. Other notable musicians to attend the school include Mick Hucknall, who studied Fine Art in the 1980s and formed Simply Red.
When founded, the school promoted the Arts and Crafts movement's philosophy and its collection includes metalwork, jewellery, wallpapers, a tapestry made by Morris & Co. designed by Edward Burne-Jones, Whitefriars glass by James Powell and Sons and George Henry Walton, silverware by Charles Robert Ashbee and ceramics from Pilkington's Art Pottery.
- About us, Manchester School of Art, Manchester Metropolitan University, retrieved 31 December 2020
- Hartwell 2002, p. 132
- "Manchester School of Art". Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios. n.d. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- "Manchester School of Theatre". Manchester School of Art. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
- "Manchester School of Art Research Centre". Manchester Metropolitan University. n.d. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- Historic England, "Manchester Polytechnic School of Art (1293192)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 11 October 2012
- The Hidden Artists of Barnsley, page 182
- Glendinning, Amy (18 July 2014). "Manchester School of Art shortlisted for top architecture award". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Hewitt, M. "Potter, Edmund". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53288. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Henderson & Barrie 1975, p. 90
- Bosbach & Filmer-Sankey 2000, p. 113
- "John Cassidy RCA, RBS", Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951, University of Glasgow, retrieved 20 May 2017
- Manchester School of Art, Manchester Metropolitan University, retrieved 11 October 2012
- Adolphe Valette A French Painter in Manchester (PDF), Manchester Art Gallery, archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2008, retrieved 11 October 2012
- "Professor Martyn Evans appointed new Director of Manchester School of Art". Manchester Metropolitan University. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
- "Pankhurst, (Estelle) Sylvia (1882–1960)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37833. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Swynnerton [née Robinson], Annie Louisa (1844–1933)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60287. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Mick Hucknall thanks Manchester for 'amazing start'". bbc.co.uk. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
- Wintle, Angela (23 February 2013). "Mick Hucknall on his daily routine, going solo and etching". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
- Bosbach, Franz; Filmer-Sankey, William (2000), Prinz Albert und die Entwicklung der Bildung in England und Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert / Prince Albert and the Development of Education in England and Germany in the 19th Century, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 978-3-11-095440-1
- Hartwell, Clare (2002), Manchester, Pevsner Architectural Guides, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-09666-8
- Henderson, William Otto; Barrie, Michael Ratcliffe (1975), Great Britain and Her World, 1750-1914: Essays in Honour of W. O. Henderson, Manchester University Press, ISBN 978-0-7190-0581-7
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manchester School of Art.|