Manchester station group

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Heavy rail stations in Greater Manchester
A ticket from Manchester Stns to Preston. Any route is permitted so the passenger has a choice of embarking from either Piccadilly, Oxford Road or Deansgate on the TransPennine Express North West route or the Northern route, or from Victoria by Northern Rail.

The Manchester station group is a station group (for fares purposes) of four railway stations in Manchester city centre, England consisting of Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria and Deansgate.[1] The station group is printed on national railway tickets as MANCHESTER STNS. For commuters travelling from one of the 91 National Rail stations in Greater Manchester, the four stations are printed as MANCHESTER CTLZ which additionally permits the use of Metrolink tram services in Zone 1 (between Deansgate-Castlefield, New Islington and Victoria).

The Manchester station group does not include Manchester Airport station, nor Salford Central railway stations. Prior to the opening of the Ordsall Chord in 2017, few routes stopped at multiple stations in the group, for instance the TransPennine Express Northwest route called at Deansgate, Oxford Road and Piccadilly. However there has been a sharp increase with more 'through' (as opposed to terminating) services through Manchester as part of the new May 2018 timetable – for example, the TransPennine Express from Newcastle to Manchester Airport now calls at Victoria, Oxford Road and Piccadilly.

It is permitted that rail passengers may board or disembark at any one of these four stations.[2] National visitors from outside Greater Manchester with MANCHESTER STNS as the destination are not permitted to use Metrolink in Zone 1 as it is a locally funded transport scheme by the council tax payers of Greater Manchester (and subsequently funded through TfGM) and receives no national government subsidy.[3]

Note that when using the National Routeing Guide, Salford Central railway station is shown as part of the Manchester Group.[4] This means that tickets to or from Salford with Route: Any Permitted have the same validity as those to or from MANCHESTER STNS, but cannot be used interchangeably.

Use in Metrolink Zone 1[edit]

Manchester Central Metrolink lines
to Bury
Victoria National Rail
Exchange Square
Shudehill BSicon BUS.svg
Market Street
Piccadilly
Gardens
BSicon BUS.svg http://cycling.tfgm.com/Pages/join-a-hub.aspx
St Peter's Square
Piccadilly National Rail
Deansgate-Castlefield
(National Rail Deansgate)
New Islington
Cornbrook
Trafford Bar

Greater Manchester passengers[edit]

Passengers who travel on rail services from the Greater Manchester area into one of the four Manchester stations will be issued with a ticket stating the destination as Manchester CTLZ as opposed to Manchester Picc or Manchester Vic. This allows visitors to use Metrolink trams between stops in Zone 1 for free on the presentation of a Manchester CTLZ rail ticket.[5][6] The Freedom of the City scheme was introduced in 2005 by GMPTE, now Transport for Greater Manchester.[7] Zone 1 includes nine Metrolink tram stops:

National Rail passengers[edit]

Passengers travelling into Manchester from outside the Greater Manchester county are not permitted to use rail tickets to travel around the city centre on the Metrolink. As a consequence the destination on the orange rail tickets is stated as Manchester STNS. The Manchester Metrolink is a locally funded transport system which receives no national subsidy from central government. National Rail passengers can alternatively use the free bus situated outside stations to travel around the city centre.[6]

Future[edit]

A map of the stations in the group and future improvements as part of the Northern Hub. Salford Central is not part of the Manchester station group.

Many journeys which call at Manchester stations slow down due to the populated nature of Greater Manchester and congested routes; Network Rail have described it as a 'bottleneck'. In 2010 the Manchester hub study was released with a series of proposals to decreasing journey times.

Central to the plan is the Ordsall Chord (also known as the Castlefield Curve) which will link all four of Manchester's main stations. Two new through platforms will be built at Piccadilly and Victoria will be upgraded. The implementation of the Northern Hub proposals would reduce journey times to and from Liverpool by 15 minutes, Leeds by 15 minutes and Sheffield by 5.[8]

Stations[edit]

In use[edit]

Station Image Location Managed by National services Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2013/14[9]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2014/15[9]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2015/16[9]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2016/17[9]
Annual
entry/exit
(millions)
2017/18[9]
Open
date
Terminal
platforms[1]
Through
platforms[2]
Category
Deansgate Knott Mill Station - geograph.org.uk - 1447337.jpg Deansgate Northern Northern Increase 0.370 Increase 0.373 Increase 0.390 Increase 0.421 Decrease 0.420 1886 0 2 D
Oxford Road Oxford Road timber roof.jpg Oxford Road Northern East Midlands Trains
Northern
TransPennine Express
Transport for Wales
Increase 7.555 Increase 7.598 Increase 7.962 Increase 8.584 Decrease 8.558 1849 1 (none in future plans – see Northern Hub) 4 C1
Piccadilly Piccadilly Station Manchester - geograph.org.uk - 692981.jpg Piccadilly Network Rail CrossCountry
East Midlands Trains
Northern
TransPennine Express
Transport for Wales
Virgin Trains
Increase 24.476 Increase 24.615 Increase 25.793 Increase 27.807 Decrease 27.725 1842 12 2 (4 in future plans – see Northern Hub) A
Victoria Manchester Victoria station 19-10-2009 12-11-47kopie.jpg Hunts Bank Northern Northern
TransPennine Express
Increase 7.241 Increase 7.282 Increase 7.630 Increase 8.226 Decrease 8.202 1844 2 4 B
Total Increase 39.642 Increase 39.868 Increase 41.775 Increase 45.038 Decrease 44.905 15 14

Closed[edit]

A map of Manchester railway junctions and stations in 1910.

One of the first inter-city railway stations in the world was Manchester Liverpool Road station on Liverpool Street. On 15 September 1830, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway opened and services terminated at the station. Part of the station frontage remains, as does the goods warehouse. Both of these structures are Grade I protected and are part of the Museum of Science and Industry.

All four of Manchester's termini (Piccadilly, Mayfield, Exchange and Victoria) were not recommended for closure in the first Beeching Report, but the reduced rail traffic caused by the closure of other railway lines meant services were transferred to Piccadilly and Victoria.[10] Consequently, trains to Exchange and Central stations were withdrawn; the latter was granted Grade II* and later converted into an arena and exhibition centre.

Station Image Location Managed by Open
date
Closed
date
Terminal
platforms[3]
Through
platforms[4]
Notes
Central Manchester Central Arena.jpg Castlefield London Midland Region of British Railways 1886 1969 9 0 Closed as part of the Beeching cuts in 1969. Now used as a conference and exhibition centre. Was shortlisted for High Speed 2 terminus.
Exchange Manchester Exchange 3 railway station 2116696 82c12e3b.jpg Salford London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1884 1969 0 5 Had the longest platform in the world.
Liverpool Road Liverpool Road railway station, Manchester.jpg Liverpool Street Liverpool and Manchester Railway 1830 1844 2 0 The first urban train station in the world
Mayfield Manchester Mayfield Station 3.jpg Piccadilly London and North Western Railway 1910 1960 (to passengers)
1986 (closed)
5 0 Located adjacent to Piccadilly. Station remains today and can be seen on approaching Piccadilly.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimates of Station Usage 2015–16 -Methodological Report" (PDF). Office of Rail and Road. p. 57.
  2. ^ "FAQs – I have bought a train ticket that states Manchester Stations as the destination. Can I use this on the Metrolink in the city centre?". Metrolink. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Freedom of Information – Subsidies and passenger numbers for National Rail, Manchester Metrolink and London Underground" (PDF). gov.uk. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  4. ^ "National Rail Station Groups" (PDF). Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Free Travel on the Metrolink" (PDF). TfGM. p. 4. Retrieved 8 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b "Freedom of the City". TfGM. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Free tram rides for train riders". BBC News. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Northern Hub". Network Rail. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Station usage". Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Manchester Exchange". Retrieved 9 February 2013.