Mandali, Iraq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mandali
Town
Mandali is located in Iraq
Mandali
Mandali
Location within Iraq
Coordinates: 33°44′N 45°33′E / 33.733°N 45.550°E / 33.733; 45.550
Country Iraq
GovernorateDiyala
DistrictBalad Ruz
Elevation
341.2 ft (104 m)
Population
 • Total29,882−50,000
Time zoneUTC+3

Mandali (Arabic: مندلي,[3] Kurdish: Mendelî ,مەندەلی[4][5]) is a town in Balad Ruz District, Diyala Governorate in Iraq, near the Iranian border. The town experienced Arabization during the Saddam era and has a mixed Kurdish and Arab population.[6] The town is disputed between the federal government of Iraq and the autonomous Kurdistan Region.[7]

Mandali is known for its palm tree orchards and dates.[8]

History[edit]

The former name of Mandali was Bendink[9] which was the capital of the Kurdish principality Bani Ammz.[10] Kurds constituted 50% of the population in 1947 and the majority continued throughout the 1950s.[11][12] About 4,000 Kurdish families were deported or fled the town after the collapse of the Kurdish movement in 1975.[13]

During September 1980 of the Iran–Iraq War, the town and other nearby villages were attacked by Iranian forces.[14] The population of the town was 25,656 in 1977 but decreased to 8,092 in 1987. A republican decree established Baladruz District in 1987 which Mandali was attached to.[10]

Border trade[edit]

Being located in the vicinity of the Soumar border marketplace, in the Iranian Kermanshah province, there are commercial exchanges with Iran.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City (Town) Mandali: Map, population, location".
  2. ^ "Iranian influence seeping into Iraq". Al Arabiya. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  3. ^ "قوات الرد السريع والحشد الشعبي تسيطران على منفذي مندلي والمنذرية". Rûdaw (in Arabic). 11 July 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  4. ^ "6 polîsên Iraqê li Mendelî hatin kuştin". ROJ News (in Kurdish). Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  5. ^ "مەندەلی.. تیرۆریستانی داعش هێرشیان کردە سەر هێزێکی سوپای عێراق". Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Mandali". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  7. ^ Kane, Sean (2011). "Iraq's Disputed Territories" (PDF). p. 35. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  8. ^ "مندلي مدينة المليون نخلة تستغيث". Azzaman. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  9. ^ المندلاوي, عمران (1985). مندلي عبر العصور. العراق: دار الحرية للطباعة. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  10. ^ a b Ihsan, Mohammad, Administrative Changes in Kirkuk and Disputed Areas in Iraq 1968-2003, p. 57
  11. ^ C. J. Edmonds (1957). Kurds, Turks and Arabs, Politics, Travel and Research in North-Eastern Iraq, 1919-1925. Oxford University Press. p. 440. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  12. ^ Edmonds, C.J. (1957). "The Kurds of Iraq". Middle East Journal. 11 (1): 52–62. JSTOR 4322870 – via JSTOR.
  13. ^ Kane, Sean (2011). "Iraq's Disputed Territories" (PDF). p. 67. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Mandali". Global Security. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Iran, Iraq resume trade activity in Mandali border crossing".