Mandaluyong

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Mandaluyong
Highly-Urbanized City
(From top, left to right): Mandaluyong City Hall, Cybergate skyline, San Felipe Neri Parish Church, EDSA Pioneer area, Monument of Youth
(From top, left to right): Mandaluyong City Hall, Cybergate skyline, San Felipe Neri Parish Church, EDSA Pioneer area, Monument of Youth
Official seal of Mandaluyong
Seal
Nickname(s): Shopping Capital of the Philippines
The Millennium City
The Golden Heart of Metro Manila
Tiger City of the Philippines
Motto: Sulong Mandaluyong!
(English: Onward Mandaluyong!)
Location within Metro Manila
Location within Metro Manila
Mandaluyong is located in Philippines
Mandaluyong
Mandaluyong
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°35′N 121°02′E / 14.58°N 121.03°E / 14.58; 121.03Coordinates: 14°35′N 121°02′E / 14.58°N 121.03°E / 14.58; 121.03
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
District Lone District of Mandaluyong City
Cityhood 9 February 1994
Barangays 27
Government[1]
 • Mayor Benjamin D.C. Abalos, Jr. (Lakas-CMD)
 • Vice Mayor Edward Bartolome (Liberal)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area
 • Total 21.26 km2 (8.21 sq mi)
Highest elevation 213 m (699 ft)
Population (2010 census)[2]
 • Total 328,699
 • Density 15,461/km2 (40,040/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 1550–1556
Dialing code +63 (0)02
Website www.mandaluyong.gov.ph

Mandaluyong is a city in the Philippines. It is one of the 16 cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the country. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 328,699.[2]

Among the many attractions in the city is the western half of the Ortigas Center, one of the major centers of business and commerce in the metropolis (the eastern half is in Pasig City). Found within the Mandaluyong portion of the Ortigas Center[3] is the main headquarters of the Asian Development Bank,[4][5] Banco De Oro, and the headquarters of San Miguel Corporation, Southeast Asia's largest food and beverage company. One of the most prominent pharmaceutical laboratories and factories, Unilab, is located here.[6]

Etymology[edit]

There are different stories on the origin of the name “Mandaluyong”.

One tells of how the place was abundant with a kind of tree called luyong, now more commonly known as '’anahaw (Saribus rotundifolius[7]), from which beautiful canes and furniture were made.

Another claims that the Spaniards named the place based on the report of a navigator named Acapulco, who saw the rolling hills frequently being lashed at by daluyong (“big waves from the sea”).[citation needed] This seems to confirm traditional pre-Hispanic stories that giant waves from the sea would meet the adjoining hills of the vast lowland, referred to as salpukan ng alon. Felix dela Huerta, a Franciscan historian, observed that the rolling topography of this land resembled giant waves of the sea. As with the etymological legends of many Philippine places, when the foreigners asked as to what the place was called, the locals answered with the description "madaluyong" ("undulating"), later transcribed by Spanish writers into "Mandaluyong" with the addition of an “n”.

Romantic residents, however, peddle the similarly formulaic legend of a Maharlika named Luyong who fell in love with Manda, the lovely daughter of a barangay chieftain. The chieftain had no personal liking for Luyong and forbade him Manda's hand. Luyong overcame this objection by winning a series of tribal contests which was the custom at the time. The couple settled thereafter in a place which was later called “Mandaluyong" by means of joining their names.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Mandaluyong formed part of what was once the Kingdom of Sapa of the Great Majapahit Empire around 1300. More than a century later, around 1470, it expanded and was called the Kingdom of Namayan. The vast kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta. Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate and Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman.

Mandaluyong was first known as a barrio of Sta. Ana de Sapa which was part of the District of Paco, Province of Tondo. Named San Felipe Neri by the Spaniards in honor of the patron saint of Rome, it was separated from Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1841.

Mandaluyong shows significance in the historic Philippine Revolution of 1896 as the baluarte (territory) of Katipunan or "Makabuhay" group with seventeen (17) branches. On August 29, 1896, Andres Bonifacio, together with Emilio Jacinto and other members of the Katipunan went into the house of Romualdo Vicencio at Sitio Balakbak (now Villa San Miguel) to prepare for the upcoming revolution against Spanish authority. In this site, Bonifacio read the last manifestation of the Katipunan before they transferred in Hagdan Bato, in the house of Felix Sanchez. This event is also known as the "29 de Agosto" and "Pinagtipunan" in which it is already named in two streets near the historic Barangay Hagdan Bato Itaas. On August 30, 1896, after the successfully revolution in San Felipe Neri, the katipuneros went to San Juan del Monte and attacked the El Polvorin (Gunpowder depot) in order to amass more weapons to use against the Spaniards. This event is popularly known as the Battle of San Juan del Monte.

During the American Occupation, San Felipe Neri was consolidated with the municipality of San Juan del Monte. For several months in 1904, San Felipe Neri became the capital of Rizal Province. However in 1907, San Felipe Neri became an independent municipality when it was partitioned from San Juan. Many government infrastructures are established during the American Period including the Correctional Institute for Women, Welfareville Compound, The Boy's Town, and the National Center for Mental Health. After the World War II, Mandaluyong began to become progressive and dramatically increase the economy. Many infrastructures, companies, and other businesses were developed in 1950s-1960s and as the result, Mandaluyong recognized as the most developed municipality in the Province of Rizal. On November 7, 1975, Mandaluyong was formally included in newly-established Metropolitan Manila by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824 signed by President Ferdinand Marcos. The House Bill № 3836 authored by Rep. Ronaldo Zamora and Senate President Neptali Gonzales converting the Municipality of Mandaluyong into City which is later approved by President Fidel Ramos and become Republic Act no. 8769. In 2003, Mandaluyong recognized as "The Tiger City of the Philippines" because of dramatically improvement of the City's economy.

Barangays[edit]

Map of Mandalyong

Mandaluyong is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

District Barangay Land Area
(has.)
Population
(2007)[8]
Population
(2010)[2]
1 Addition Hills 121.19 81,221 86,731
1 Bagong Silang 14.26 3,747 4,652
2 Barangka Drive 24.54 12,134 12,227
2 Barangka Ibaba 16.92 9,372 9,241
2 Barangka Ilaya 47.45 4,185 5,049
2 Barangka Itaas 17.21 11,212 11,061
2 Buayang Bato 7.26 999 1,340
1 Burol 2.78 2,322 2,606
1 Daang Bakal 17.34 2,980 3,931
1 Hagdan Bato Itaas 18.36 9,431 10,102
1 Hagdan Bato Libis 15.48 6,241 6,716
1 Harapin Ang Bukas 4.89 4,069 4,073
1 Highway Hills 105.12 18,682 22,684
2 Hulo 29.30 20,850 21,107
2 Mabini-J. Rizal 11.88 4,826 6,773
2 Malamig 29.52 6,898 7,007
1 Mauway 60.06 21,700 25,129
2 Namayan 30.60 4,846 5,706
1 New Zañiga 21.96 5,413 6,354
2 Old Zañiga 42.48 6,674 7,712
1 Pag-Asa 12.60 3,112 3,688
2 Plainview 115.92 24,706 24,396
1 Pleasant Hills 20.33 6,495 5,648
1 Poblacion 24.12 14,778 15,191
2 San José 3.18 7,629 7,041
2 Vergara 15.12 4,928 4,645
1 Wack-Wack Greenhills 294.48 6,126 7,889

Demographics[edit]

Mandaluyong skyline as seen from neighbouring Greenhills, San Juan
Population Census of Mandaluyong
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 248,143 —    
1995 286,870 +2.75%
2000 278,474 −0.63%
2007 305,576 +1.29%
2010 328,699 +2.69%
Source: National Statistics Office[9]

Economy[edit]

Shaw Boulevard one of the major business hubs in Mandaluyong
Intersection of EDSA and Shaw Boulevard

Mandaluyong is deemed as the "Tiger City" because of its vibrant business and economic activity. The city is home to a number of shopping centers, entertainment hubs, commercial establishments, high-rise offices, residential condominiums and hotels. The city is now one of the most important business and financial areas in the metropolis.[10]

Commercial activities[edit]

Like other cities in Metro Manila, Mandaluyong has its own share of commercial strips and a central business district. The former commercial area, consisting mostly of banks, offices and service establishments, stretch along public transport routes thereby serving both local consumers and passers-by from the neighboring localities. Major commercial strips of the city include the stretch of Boni Avenue, Shaw Boulevard, Libertad-Sierra Madre area, Kalentong, San Francisco, part of Martinez, Sgt. Bumatay towards Barangka Drive and Pinatubo towards EDSA. Mandaluyong's central business district is concentrated on the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area.[11]

Industrial activities[edit]

Industrial activities are mostly concentrated within the Shaw Boulevard-Pioneer area and along the Pasig River. Although prominent in the manufacture of foods, medicines and laboratory equipment, these industries are gradually declining in number, opting to relocate in newly developed industrial zones outside Metropolitan Manila. In the Pasig River area, particularly in Barangays Namayan and Mabini J. Rizal, areas formerly industrial are now the sites for residential subdivisions and townhouses. In the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area, the transformation is toward a more economically profitable and globally competitive commercial activity. And, since 2013, Mandaluyong is the home of one of the largest television networks in the country, TV5.[12]

Shopping malls[edit]

Interior of the SM Megamall

The City of Mandaluyong is known for being the "Shopping Capital of the Philippines", it is home to a cluster of shopping centers which stand side by side.[13][14] These shopping malls plays an important role in the economy of the city.

  • SM Megamall - is a large shopping mall located in the Ortigas business district of Metro Manila. It is the current largest SM Supermall developed and operated by SM Prime Holdings, the largest mall operator in the Philippines owned by Henry Sy. The mall has two buildings interconnected with a bridge. The SM Megamall is currently the 4th largest mall in the world and the 2nd largest shopping mall in the country with a floor area of 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft).[15] The mall has a maximum capacity of 4 million people, it is as large as the Changi Airport Terminal 2 in Singapore.
  • The Podium - an upscale shopping center located along ADB Avenue at the heart of the Ortigas Center, a major business and commercial district in Mandaluyong City. It was developed in December 2001 and officially opened in August 2002 as a joint project of Singaporean company, Keppel Land and SM Prime Holdings, the parent company of SM Supermalls.[16]
  • Forum Robinsons - is a specialty mall within Cybergate, a modern business and residential complex at the corner of EDSA and Pioneer Street in Mandaluyong. The shopping center highlights information technology product categories.[17]
  • St. Francis Square Mall - is one of the notable shopping center in the city, the mall is a modern low-rise building holding a 3,000 capacity auditorium and houses over 1,000 stalls and stores.
  • EDSA Central Pavilion - a shopping complex that contains a discount warehouse, food market, various shops and food chains.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Shaw Boulevard, one of the major thoroughfares in the city

Accessibility is among the city’s major advantages, the city is provided with good access roads to and from adjacent cities in the metropolis. The city is served by one of Metro Manila's main roads such as the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), Ortigas Avenue and Shaw Boulevard.[20]

Land[edit]

Mandaluyong is served by the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, Metro Manila's main thoroughfare. Considered as the heart of the metropolis, main roads such as the Ortigas Avenue and Shaw Boulevard provide inter-city linkages, while Boni Avenue and Martinez Street (C-3 Road) serve as alternate routes in the city.[20] Other major roads in Mandaluyong include Pioneer Street and Julia Vargas Avenue. Jeepneys are one of the most popular mode of public transportation for commuters in the city. Aside from jeepneys, tricycles and pedicabs are also one of the important modes of public transportation in Mandaluyong, especially on alleys around the city.

The city is also served by rail via the MRT-3. The line is located along the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue. The city is served by three MRT-3 stations: Ortigas, Shaw Boulevard and Boni.

Water[edit]

The presence of the Pasig River stretching along the south border of Mandaluyong provides an alternative route and mode of public transportation mainly for cargo freight of industries along the river, and for commuters seeking for a faster and more direct route to and from the cities of Pasig and Manila.[20] The Pasig River Ferry Service has one station in the city.

Health[edit]

Mandaluyong has several private and public hospitals & health center, namely the privately owned Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center along EDSA and Unciano General Hospital, and the government hospital Mandaluyong City Medical Center. The city is also home to the National Center for Mental Health. Many residents, specifically the middle-to-upper class medical clientele, visit the nearby The Medical City in Ortigas Center.

The Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center is a tertiary care hospital that has a 189-bed capacity within its 10-storey hospital building.

In 2007, the Mandaluyong City government, together with non-governmental organization Rehabilitation and Empowerment of Adults and Children (REACH) Foundation, established a community-based rehabilitation program called Project Therapy, Education, and Assimilation of Children with Handicap (TEACH), that caters to children with special needs coming from indigent families. Services given by Project TEACH include free occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy and special education classes. [21]

Education[edit]

St. Benilde Gymnasium in La Salle Green Hills

Four well-known educational institutions in the city are the Arellano University, Mandaluyong (Plaridel Campus), Don Bosco Technical College, Jose Rizal University and Rizal Technological University.

A good number of city officials of Mandaluyong are alumni of Don Bosco,[22] including incumbent City Mayor, Hon. Benjamin Abalos, Jr. (HS '79);[23] former Vice Mayor, Hon. Renato Sta. Maria (HS '65);[24] City Councilors Edward Bartolome (HS '96),[25] Noel Bernardo (HS '79),[26] and Jonathan Abalos (HS '85).[27] Other notable alumni include "King of Pinoy Rap," Francis Magalona (HS '81);[28] and actor Ricky Davao (HS '78).[29] Meanwhile, the alumni of JRU that includes President Ramon Magsaysay, Roderick Paulate, and Secretary Armand V. Fabella; and Mike Tan as RTU alumnus.

Other colleges in the city include the Our Lady of Guadalupe Colleges (specializing in Medicine and Nursing), STI and AMA (both specializing in Computer Technology education, both located on Shaw Boulevard), NAMEI Polytechnic Institute (specializing in Marine Sciences), and the International Baptist College.

The city is also home to Lourdes School of Mandaluyong (est. 1959), a Franciscan-Marian all-boys school, located in the Ortigas Center district managed by the OFM Capuchins; La Salle Green Hills (est. 1959), a private all-boys high school, managed by the De La Salle Brothers, located along Ortigas Avenue; and Saint Pedro Poveda College (est. 1960), another famous all-girls institution, offering pre-school, grade school, high school, and college education. Although the official school address is Quezon City, part of the lot Poveda's campus stands on is under Mandaluyong City.

Mandaluyong High School (est. 1977) is the oldest public high school in the city. City of Mandaluyong Science High School (est. 1996), a public science high school on E. Pantaleon St. The city has 18 public schools, including primary and secondary schools as prioritize by the city government.

Local government[edit]

2013 Local Election Results:[30]

Position Candidate Party Total Votes
Representative
Lone Legislative District
Neptali M. Gonzales II Liberal
92,950
City Mayor Benjamin D.C. Abalos Jr. Lakas-CMD
77,183
City Vice Mayor Edward G. Bartolome Liberal Party
72,345
City Councilors
1st Sanggunian District
Charisse Abalos Lakas-CMD
49,144
Antonio D. Suva Lakas-CMD
45,177
Ayla V. Alim Liberal
37,335
Luisito E. Espinosa Nationalist Peoples Coalition
32,443,
Grace Antonio United Nationalist Alliance
37,818
Alex I. Santos Liberal Party
32,584
2nd Sanggunian District
Cherry Lynn Pablo-Santos Nationalist Peoples Coalition
37,048
Fernando S. Ocampo Lakas-CMD
21,807
Roehl B. Bacar Independent
21,047
Jesus C.Cruz Liberal Party
25,136
Alexander C. Sta. Maria Liberal Party
26,835
Francisco O. Esteban Lakas-CMD
22,989

Official March[edit]

The Official March of Mandaluyong is entitled "Martsa ng Mandaluyong" which was composed by former Councilor Delfin Asistio during the incumbency of former Mayor Benjamin Abalos.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "http://www.ortigas.com/map" Map and Directory, Ortigas Online. Retrieved on October 14, 2012.
  4. ^ "Contacts." (Archive) Asian Development Bank. Retrieved on February 19, 2012. "6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines"
  5. ^ "How to Visit ADB." (Archive) Asian Development Bank. Retrieved on February 19, 2012.
  6. ^ "UNILAB - MAIN OFFICE". Yellow Pages Philippines. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Marcial C. Amaro Jr., ed. (January–April 2010). "Anahaw" (PDF). Some Familiar Philippine Palms that Produce High Food Value and Tikog. Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau of the Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2013-04-01. 
  8. ^ "Final Results – 2007 Census of Population". Census.gov.ph. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  10. ^ "Mandaluyong City Profile". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Commercial Activities". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Industrial Activities". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Cities in Luzon and their Nicknames". Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Shopping capital". PhilStar. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ "SM Megamall now PH’s largest mall". Inquirer Business. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  16. ^ Philippines President Arroyo opens The Podium in Manila published by Keppel Corporation; accessed February 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Forum Robinsons". Robinsons Malls. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Mandaluyong Travel Guide: Shopping". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Mandaluyong Travel Guide: Shopping". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c "Transportation". City Government of Mandaluyong. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  21. ^ Yee, Jovic (17 May 2015). "Free school, therapy for poor kids with special needs wins UN award". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  22. ^ "City of Mandaluyong : News Updates". Mandaluyong.gov.ph. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  23. ^ "Don Bosco High School". Bosco.arttickles.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  24. ^ http://www.bicc.org.ph/pub/resources/temp_images/Don%20Bosco%2009%20FINAL.pdf
  25. ^ "Mandaluyong City Council : Edward Gabriel Bartolome". Mandaluyong.gov.ph. 4 November 1979. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  26. ^ "Mandaluyong City Council". Mandaluyong.gov.ph. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  27. ^ "www.donboscoforum.com". donboscoforum.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Francis Magalona Succumbs to Cancer | A Filipina Mom Blogger". Aboutmyrecovery.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  29. ^ "Don Bosco Mandaluyong Batch 72 Photo Gallery by Jojo Vicencio – DU1VHY at". Pbase.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  30. ^ http://electionresults.ibanangayon.ph/res_reg7401000.html

External links[edit]