Mandani

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Mandani
Town and union council
Coordinates: 34°10′46″N 71°47′10″E / 34.17944°N 71.78611°E / 34.17944; 71.78611
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Charsadda District
Elevation 376 m (1,234 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Mandarh is a branch of Yousafzai tribe, firstly the mandarh sub tribe settled here, and the village was named after them, Mandarhi or Mandani. But some old people of the area say that before the irrigation system, this place was barren and the farmers of this village would get an yield of Darhai( 5 Kg) while sowing a Man( 50KG) so this village was called MANDARHI and later on MANDANI. Early settlers and Demography: In the beginning a few tribes of Yousafzai,s and Mohmands arrived and started developing this barren land. The most notable early settler was a yousafzai tribesman "Sirbuland Khan" who arrived in this area with Saidu Baba (Saidu Sharif Swat) for the preaching of Islam. Sirbuland Khan started residing here. He was a religious scholar and saint. He had two notable grandsons "Molana Fazal-i-Ahmad and "Fazl-i-Ahad" who were known as Molvi of Mandani. Where as Fazl-i-Ahad played a pivotal role in independence movement of 1857, khilafat movement and the Mazdoor kisan movement. In British regime he spent 3 years rigorous of imprisonment.

Maulavi of Mandani was highly regarded due his social reforms, religious educational services and justice based leadership during the early stages of settlement.

Later on, different tribes came here from adjoining areas of tribal agencies. Population was increased due to the fertile land and strategic location. The main bazaar, located in the center of adjunct population, is unique with a rectangular shape. While standing on the roundabouts, the road to your west leads to the village of Tangi, Charsadda via Umerzai in the south, the ancient Takht bhai in east and Harichand in north. The main route joins Peshawar to the northern part of KPK in shortest possible way.

Economy and occupation of the early dwellers: The town is known for agricultural products; sugar cane, tobacco, wheat, maize and all kind of vegetables. Some indigenous people have small simple shops, in contrast to the other market stalls, run by non-indigenous people. The native people of Mandani are peasants and lead simple lives on their farms.

Mandani has been a seat of local cultures and of great political importance. It was the center of Mazdor Kissan Tehrik in seventies, where Afzal Bangash leaded the local farmers to revolt against the land lords (Khans) who exploited the poor farmers of the N.Hashtnagar but with the Judicial Murder of the elected PM, Z.A. Bhutto, Gen. Zia crushed the Kissan Movement and sent its leaders to prisons. He supported Khans and forcefully removed the old farmers from their lands and villages. That was the start of extremism in the whole country.

Education: Mandani is a great hub of education in the premises. There are about 8 private schools and five government schools. Hashtnagar Public School holds the badge of the 1st private school in Mandani area, established in 1987 by Dr. Fida, a veterinary doctor. Hira Model High School which started in 1994 by an education expert Muhammad Aslam Khan is the most reputed institute of the area. Till 1999 there was no separate girls college until Atlantic College was established. Khyber Model College for Boys has earned a good name in quality education for boys on college level. There are also couple of religious seminaries ( Madrassas) in Mandani, which help students get Islamic education and Shariat law. Mandani had been a center of the Hindu's empire before the partition of Sub-Continent.