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The Mandanr Mandar or Mandan original name is Umer is Pashtun tribe son of Mand and brother of Yousaf (Popular Yousafzai). Mandar are further divide the following main sub tribes.
KAMALZAI & KASHARANZAI...... KASHARANZAI are further divided into the following sub tribe...
1..Maghdoodkhel' 2.QASIMKHEL 3.'RUSTAMKHEL
MAGHDOOD KHEL are further divided into sub tribes BARA KHANKHEL DEGANKHEL ALADADKHEL YAHYAKHEL NORMALKHEL THESE tribes mostly living in the mardan district. Some of them like DEGAN KHEL are living in the district charsadda tehsil shabqader village khubai' mian essa & katozai . DEGAN KHEL are further divided into two other sub tribe that is MOHAMMAD KHEL & ISMAIL KHEL.
Chamla has been historically the locale of the Mandanr tribe. Mandanr (Umer) are the largest group in the Swabi, Buner, and Mardan Districts. Buner District is to the north, Swabi District to the south, and Mardan District is to the west. The population is distributed as follows:
- Swabi: 1.2 million
- Mardan (Mandanr): 1.5 million
- Buner (Khudukhel): 0.2 million
- Karachi: 0.3 million
- Other cities (international): 0.3 million
- Total: 3.5 million
The Mandanr are organized into subdivisions. Mardan is inhabited largely by two sub-tribes of the Mandanr, the Kamalzai and Amazai. Kamalzais are further divided into two main branches: Masharanzai, near the towns of Toru and Kashranzai, and chiefly in the town of Mardan.Some of the Khels(Branches of Kasharanzai) include Skander Khel, Degan Khel, Sadi Khel, BaraKhan Khel, Bahdar Khel, Mahmood Khel, Bhai Khel (also called Bay Khel), and Rustam Khel. Amazais are divided into two main branches, the Doulatzai and Ismialzai. Degan khel tribe are mostly living in tehsile shabqader area in village khubai ;mian essa& katozai area..
In the past, archery was used in warfare, but with the advent of modern warfare, archery has been relegated to the game of ‘Mukha’. The slingshot, called ‘Leenda’ in the local dialect, is also used in Mukha, and is made from the horns of the ‘Markhor’ – a wild goat found in the forests and forested mountains. The horn of a single ‘Markhor’ is enough to make just one slingshot.
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